Category Archives: Devotionals/Sermons

What Should Define Discipleship?

Discipleship is defined as a life-on-life process where disciples of Jesus spread the gospel to unbelievers who, Lord willing, put their faith in and start following Jesus, thus become disciples themselves. Next they help those new believers to mature as disciples—meaning to help them grow in their identity, behavior and ministry. Subsequently, they start training other disciples with the goal to be consistently producing maturing disciples of Jesus in all nations, at all times, all for the glory of God.

Defining What A Genuine Disciple Is Like

  • What is a disciple? A genuine disciple is a person who responds to Jesus’ call to believe in and follow Him as Lord and Saviour. Jesus makes those who follow Him into fishers of men—meaning people that make disciples of all nations.
    Matthew 4:19-22; (28:18-20); Mark 1:14-20; Romans 1:16
    • First, you need to become a disciple—to call upon the name of the Lord to be saved. This means that you know who Jesus is, you believe what He did for you (death and resurrection) and you are willing to trust and follow Him.
      Romans 10:9-10, 13
    • Second, you need to grow as a disciple—continual growth in your life as you become ambassadors for Christ and are being conformed to His image. This means you will start living for Jesus and having certain characteristics, such as: loving one another; walking in obedience; knowing truth; bringing forth fruit; and discipling others.
      John 15:12-17; (Fruits: Romans 1:13-15; Galatians 5:22-23; Philippians 1:11; Hebrews 13:15;)
  • Are you a Christian spectator or a disciple? What is the difference? Disciples consider and choose to follow Jesus; they discover and believe Jesus is the greatest treasure; they renounce their lives and submit to Jesus as Lord; they realize that even though salvation is completely free, living the Christian life may cost them everything.
    Luke 14:28-33; Matthew 10:34-37; 13:44-46; 16:24-26

Defining The Growth Stages Of Discipleship

  • Discipleship Development: After salvation, a disciple should start to mature in Christ and live out that maturity. The following is a process or method that identifies four specific stages that guide believers as they desire to follow Jesus, obey His Word and submit to His will.
    • Stage 1: Identity—who I am—(Focus: Position in Jesus; Action: Believing). “Identity” is referring to your position in Jesus. Through believing the preaching of the cross you have been gloriously placed in Christ. Thus, this level starts at salvation, but its continued growth is accomplished through learning, understanding and believing the Biblical and positional truths about who you are “in Christ” and firmly standing by faith on those truths and on the promises of God.
      John 1:12; 10:28-29; 1 Corinthians 1:18; Ephesians 1:13-14; 2:4-7; Colossians 3:1-4; 1 Peter 2:1-10; 2 Peter 1:1-4
    • Stage 2: Behavior—what I do—(Focus: Personal Growth; Action: Obeying). “Behavior” is referring to personal growth in your attitudes and actions. Through salvation you have been given a new opportunity to live a transformed life for Jesus that is pleasing to Him. Growth in this level is accomplished through obedience to God’s Word that produces inward changes (the way we think and feel) and leads to outward changes (the way we act and behave), with the goal to completely change our character—our mental and moral qualities—to become like Jesus.
      Psalm 15:1-5; Romans 12:1-2; 1 Thessalonians 2:10-12; Titus 2:7-8; 2 Peter 1:5-11; 1 John 3:18
    • Stage 3: Ministry—how I serve—(Focus: Practical Service; Action: Serving). “Ministry” is referring to your practical service within the local church and your good works to your “neighbors”. Through salvation God has ordained that you should walk in good works and He has given you spiritual gifts by the Holy Spirit to edify the church. Growth in this level is accomplished by being full of good works towards others, actively edifying your local church by using your spiritual gifts and getting involved in serving.
      Mark 10:43-45; Romans 12:9-13; Ephesians 2:8-10; 4:16; 1 Corinthians 10:24; 12:7-27; Galatians 5:13; 2 Peter 1:12-15
    • Stage 4: Training—who I train—(Focus: Producing Disciples; Action: Mentoring). “Training” is referring to producing more disciples thus multiplying God’s kingdom. Through salvation you have been commissioned to make Jesus’ name to be remembered in all generations and so that the generations to come might know Jesus and make Him known. Growth in this level is accomplished by constantly being with and actively investing your life in other disciples’ lives so that they can grow in their identity, behavior, ministry and be able to teach others also.
      Matthew 28:18-20; Acts 14:21-23; 2 Timothy 2:2; Ephesians 4:11-12; Titus 1:5-6; (Psalm 45:17; 78:1-8)
  • Important Note: Each stage in the discipleship development process should be seen as individual stages but also as complimentary of each other. This means that a disciple’s growth isn’t a list of boxes to be checked off, stages to be completed or lessons to be studied, but it is more of a gradient of color where each stage fades into one another and builds upon one another. For example, the “identity” stage is foundational to all the other stages, but it is a stage that must remain strong and have continual growth to effect healthy growth in the other stages. Each stage does go in consecutive order, but you never complete a stage, you just continue to growth more in each stage. If there is a problem in one stage, then you need to go back to each previous stage to see where there is a lack of growth.
  • Measuring Growth: Growth is measured by the effectiveness of the last stage “training” because it is the healthy reproduction of “disciples who are producing disciples”. This can be seen in the illustration of human development: newborn to child to adult to parent. Spiritually, when people are new believers, they are “spiritual newborns” who don’t know much but start to grow with the help of their “spiritual parents”—those who disciple them. Then they start to understand, grow in the Word and live out their faith. Next, they became mature and independent in their faith and are serving God to the best of their ability. Finally, they start discipling others or become spiritual parents of others. Thus, spiritual parenthood, not spiritual adulthood, is the goal. Growth question: How many disciples are training or producing other disciples? Who are your spiritual children?
    Examples of this terminology: 1 Corinthians 3:1-3; 4:14-17; 13:11; Philippians 2:22; 1 Thessalonians 2:11-12; 1 John 2:12-14

Defining The Purpose Of Discipleship

  • Therefore, the purpose of the discipleship process is to be consistently producing maturing and sanctifying disciples of Jesus in all nations, at all times, all for the glory of God. This is an ongoing process that doesn’t stop until the return of Jesus.
    Ephesians 4:13-16; Colossians 1:28-29; Matthew 28:20

Review Questions

  • What is a genuine disciple like?
  • What are the four stages of discipleship growth?
  • What is the important note we need to remember?
  • How do we measure growth?
  • What is the purpose of discipleship?

What Is The Biblical Framework For Discipleship?

The Biblical framework for discipleship starts with the foundation of understanding that God wants the world evangelized and disciples made from every nation. This responsibility was given to the local church whose main task is to make disciples of all nations, who in turn, will make disciples—until the end of the age. Jesus modeled the framework of what discipleship looks like and how we are to invest our lives into training other disciples.

The Foundation Of Discipleship Is World Evangelism

  • World evangelism is the bedrock of discipleship. From the beginning, God promised to save “whosoever will” through sending Jesus as the Saviour of the World and in the end He will accomplish His mission by saving people from every kindred, tongue, people and nation. Thus, this is the single pulse of world evangelism: to actively pursue the lost world so that they are brought into a reconciled relationship with their Creator; and hereafter live to mature “in Christ” so that they can glorify God and enjoy Him forever through the gospel of Jesus. This has two main focuses:
    2 Corinthians 5:11-21; Psalm 16:11; 145:1-3; Acts 2:28
    • Reaching unbelievers with the message of Jesus—reaching is the idea of holding out, establishing communication and successfully influencing unbelievers with the gospel message of Jesus; it is the idea of stretching past boundaries and going forth with the gospel message of Jesus; it is the idea of successfully contextualizing and convincing (through the work of the Holy Spirit) unbelievers with message of Jesus (a person hears the gospel and believes).
      Matthew 28:19
    • Teaching believers with the word of God—teaching is the idea of instructing new believers in the Word of God so that they will obtain the necessary knowledge and skills to be a faithful disciple of Jesus; it is the idea of educating and training disciples for the ministry so that they fulfill the biblical requirements and are proficient to carry out their own ministerial roles; it is the idea of church planting; it is the idea of continual instruction.
      Matthew 28:20
  • The responsibility of “world evangelism” (and thus discipleship) has effectively and solely been inherited by the local church. Thus, the core purpose or focus of each local church is to evangelize the world. Members of each local church should collectively be using their time, talents and treasures to accomplish this task.
    Mark 16:15-20; Luke 24:45-53

Jesus Modeled The Framework Of What He Commanded Us To Do

  • Discipleship: From the beginning of Jesus’ ministry we see Him training disciples and at the end of His ministry He commands His disciples to “teach all nations,” which literally means to “make disciples of all nations.” Basically, He was looking at them and telling them to do the same thing that He had just done with them. This was to be a repeated process—meaning disciples train other disciples who train other disciples and so on. Thus, this is the single plan of world evangelism: to train up maturing disciples of Jesus who train up other maturing disciples of Jesus.
    Matthew 4:19; 28:16-20
  • Jesus modeled exactly how this was to work within the local church because the local church started with Jesus and His disciples (and it was established when they received and were filled by the Holy Spirit). Jesus’ relationship with His disciples becomes the pattern for ministry and the plan for fulfilling the great commission.
    John 20:20-23; Ephesians 2:19-22; Acts 1:8; 2:4, 42-47

Key Components Of The Discipleship Framework

  • Discipleship is training. Disciples are people who willingly take on the roles of “students, trainees, or followers” so that they can believe and follow the teachings of their “teacher, trainer, or leader”. Discipleship is investing your life into other disciples. The Bible is the tool we use to disciple because it is truth that is profitable for teaching doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for training or instruction in righteousness, so that all God’s people may be perfect or complete, throughly furnished or equipped for every good work. Example: Jesus was the trainer and the twelve men were the trainees and He faithfully committed to them the Words of the Father.
    2 Timothy 3:16-17; John 7:16; 8:31-32; 12:49-50; 15:3; 17:17-19
  • Discipleship is relational. It is a training, instructional and teaching relationship, but it is also an intimate relationship—like that of close friends but with the purpose of helping others become more like Jesus. Thus, this training includes learning from spending time with the trainer and learning directly from their lives. This is called life-on-life training. The trainer and the trainee live life together and use every opportunity as a training moment. Example: Jesus called the disciples to “be with Him” and He called them “friends” and not “servants or slaves”—showing the closeness of such a relationship.
    Mark 3:13-15; John 15:15; (It is a “way of life”—similar to the responsibilities of parents in Deuteronomy 6:5-9.)
  • Discipleship is multiplication. After Jesus trained His disciples, they received the Holy Spirit, they started working out the great commission, and the church experienced explosive growth. What were they doing? They were doing what they were trained to do: training disciples through reaching unbelievers with the message of Jesus and teaching believers with the word of God. These “new disciples” would reach and teach others and the number of disciples multiplied. This was accomplish by training disciples who trained other disciples and so on—through the power of the Holy Spirit. Example: Jesus investing His life into His disciples had much greater results than if He would have only witnessed to one person every day for the three years of His ministry. Here is an example scenario to help us understand how this works: If there was a new convert everyday for 12 years there would be 4,380 total converts. But if Jesus’ eleven disciples each trained eleven disciples every three years and then their disciples each trained eleven disciples every three years, etc, in a period of 12 years there would be 161,051 disciples.
    Acts 2:41, 47; 4:4; 5:14; 6:7; 9:31; 12:24; 13:49; 16:5; 19:20
  • Discipleship is reproduction. The secret of discipleship is the “spiritual continuum factor”—meaning that each disciple is to always reach and teach others who in return will be able to reach and teach others also. Thus, we are to train our disciples, but there is a time that we are to release them to go out and reproduce themselves—like a child who eventually becomes a parent, a training disciple becomes a trainer of disciples. Example: Timothy was to take what he learned from Paul and commit it to faithful men, who would be able to teach others also.
    2 Timothy 2:2

Review Questions

  • What is the foundation of discipleship?
  • Who has the responsibility of world evangelism?
  • What is the single plan of world evangelism?
  • How did Jesus model the framework of discipleship?
  • What are some components of discipleship?

Missions: Our Story, Our Mission

Our story and our mission are intertwined. The eternal God from whom the human race was created to have a loving relationship with Him, set out on a mission to redeem us back to Himself after we turned away from Him in sinful rebellion. He made a promise and He fulfilled that promise through the person of Jesus. As believers, our story is one of being redeem to God by God and our mission is to tell the whole world that they too can be redeemed to God by God.

God Is The Eternal Starting Point

  • “In the beginning,” referring to the time before the world and mankind were created, God already existed. Who created God? No one created God. He has life in Himself. He is eternal. These truths are hard to grasp because they surpass our human understanding. Nothing cannot create something, so in the beginning, something or someone had to exist, and that something or someone has to be eternal. The Bible teaches that someone to be God. Everything that God has created, including you and me, is evidence to the existence of God. Even though we cannot fully understand Him, He created us for a purpose and invites us to have a relationship with Him.
    Genesis 1:1; Exodus 3:14; Psalm 90:2; John 1:1, 5:26; Romans 1:20-25
  • God did not create us because He needed someone to glorify Him or because He was lonely, but because He wanted to share the joy of His glory with us. Because God is 100% good, we can have a joyful and loving relationship with Him.
    Psalm 16:11

Man Sinned, God Made A Promise

  • After God created man, He told him not to eat the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil or he would die. Adam disobeyed God’s single command. The price for that was death. That day, mankind started to die physically and was spiritually separated from God (he died spiritually). Because we have sinned and are separated from God, we cannot glorify Him as before. Our relationship with God needs to be restored before we can experience true joy.
    Genesis 2:16-17; 3:1-24; 5:5; Ephesians 2:1; 4:18
  • But God promises to save mankind. Thus from the beginning, God was on mission to save “whosoever will” from their sin and its penalty of death or eternal separation from Him. This mission was initiated by God and will be accomplished by God. He is promising to defeat Satan and his followers (unbelievers) through the offspring of the woman (Jesus). One day the “Promised Man” would come to defeat Satan and even though Satan will strike His heel (suffering), the Promised Man will crush Satan’s head (eternal damnation).
    Genesis 3:15; 9:26-27; 1 Corinthians 15:22; Romans 16:20

God’s Witness To The Whole World

  • In Genesis 12:1-3 God makes a unilateral, unconditional, literal, and eternal covenant with Abraham. The main missional aspect of this covenant was that God was going to bless all the families of the earth through him. The scriptures preached the gospel unto Abraham. The “Promised Man” of Genesis 3:15 would be of the seed of Abraham. This “singular seed” is Jesus. God was willing to justify “whosoever will” through faith. Just like Abraham, those in this time were to have faith in God’s promise, unto the fulfillment of the promise came in Jesus, and it could be accounted to them for righteousness. The second missional aspect of this covenant was that God was going to: (1) make a great nation from him, (2) bless him and (3) make his name great so that he would “be a blessing”. They would receive inward blessing for an outward cause: God would use them to be a light for the nations, so that His salvation may reach to the end of the earth.
    Genesis 12:1-3; 15:18-21; 17:1-21; 26:2-5; 28:10-17; Isaiah 9:6, 7; 19:24; 42:6; 49:6; Galatians 3:6, 8-9 16
  • The Psalms reflect God’s will to use the Jews to reach out to all nations with the truth. The peoples of the nations are called to worship God because He is the great King over all the earth. The Jews were to sing, praise, speak, not be ashamed, to make known His deeds and declare the Lord’s glory / wonder / doings among the nations.
    Psalm 2:1-12; 9:1-20; 18:49; 22:27-31; 33:1-22; 47:1-9; 57:9; 66:1-20; 67:1-7; 72:1-28; 86:9-10; 96:1-13; 98:1-9; 100:1-5; 105:1; 108:3-5; 117:1-2; 119:46; 126:2-3; 145:1-21

The Promised Man Has Come

  • The Prophecy of the promised Man was predicted in the Old Testament. It was said that He would be a son born of a virgin in Bethlehem, the government would be upon His shoulder and His name would be called Wonderful, Counselor, The Mighty God, The Everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace, Governor and Immanuel—which means God with us. Jesus was the fulfillment of this promise. He was born of a virgin in Bethlehem. He entered our world as the God-Man—100% God and 100% Man, yet without sin. He was to be called “the Son of the Highest” who would establish an eternal kingdom.
    Isaiah 7:14; 9:6; Micah 5:2; Luke 1:26-38
  • Jesus came into the world to be the Lamb of God that takes away the sin of the world. Whosoever believes in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life. Jesus is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world. He is the light of the world. He came to fulfill the promise. He was the “promised Man”. Through a virgin birth God became man in Jesus. He lived a sinless life. Mankind rejected and crucified Him. He was buried, but three days later He rose from the dead. He defeated sin, death and evil. He is the way, the truth, and the life and “whosoever will” can come unto the Father by faith in Jesus alone. All the Gospels are evidence of these truths (Matthew-John).
    John 1:29; 3:16-17; 4:42; 6:33; 8:12; 9:5; 12:32, 46; 14:6
  • Jesus started the local church with His disciples, and it was established when they received and were filled by the Holy Spirit. The mandate of the church was to make disciples of all nations through going and preaching the gospel, baptizing new believers and teaching them all that Jesus taught. As a result, new local churches would be established all around the world. The rest of the New Testament (Acts-Jude) records the living out of this mandate with Revelation explaining how it will all end victoriously.
    Acts 1:7-8; Matthew 28:18-20; Mark 16:15-20; Luke 24:45-53; John 20:20-23; Romans 1:1-2; 10:14-15; 1 Peter 2:9

Review Questions

  • Where does our story start?
  • In the beginning of our story, what did we do, what did God do?
  • Who should have been God’s witness to the world?
  • Who was the Promised Man?
  • What did Jesus start and what is its mandate?

Missions: A Biblically Bold Witness

Open your clenched fist holding tightly your plans for your life and allow God to boldly use you to be a witness to the nations. Jesus took up His cross to be the propitiation for our sins and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the people of the whole world. He calls His follows to take up their crosses and witness to the people of the whole world—they need to urgently hear the gospel message.
Philippians 2:6-8; 1 John 2:2

The Purpose Of A Biblically Bold Witness

  • From the beginning God promised to save “whosoever will” through sending Jesus as the Saviour of the World and in the end He will accomplish His mission by saving people from every kindred, tongue, people and nation.
    Genesis 1:27; 3:6; 3:15; 9:26-27
  • Jesus came to build His church in this world through the salvation of sinners by His death and resurrection. The church’s foundation is Jesus and those who confess Him as the Christ, the Son of the living God. He works through His followers to accomplish His purpose in the world—extending the membership of His church to “whosoever will” through the witness of its members—whom He purchased with His own blood through His death on the cross.
    Matthew 16:18a; John 10:14-18; Acts 20:28
  • The church exists to be a continual witness to the people of the world. Each local church should be involved in preaching the gospel to their local area and sending missionaries to preach the gospel in all parts of the world. As the church goes forth, it will be greatly persecuted and assaulted for its witness, but “the gates of hell shall not prevail against it”—meaning Hell is the place that holds the human soul prisoner at death, thus the “power of death” will not overpower the church. Death is strong, its gates hold the dead within and people do not come back from it. But Jesus overcame death by His resurrection from the dead—thus paving the way for all members of the church to do the same—thus nothing can stop our witness if we are willing to follow Jesus.
    Matthew 16:18b; Luke 24:46-48
  • Therefore, the purpose of our witness is for the salvation of sinners and Jesus to victoriously build His church in this world for the glory of God.
    Acts 1:6-8; Romans 15:8-12; 1 John 4:10

The Price To Be A Biblically Bold Witness

  • Our witness has potential conflict—Jesus warns us about the dangers of persecution that will arise for those who wholeheartedly follow Him. Persecution is imminent. It will come from authorities, family and the people we are witnessing to. But we are not to fear, but boldly go forward trusting in the sovereignty of God.
    Matthew 10:16-37
  • The path of a bold witness is not easy. Jesus describes a very hard path of persecution and conflict. He also clearly tells us that He expects His followers to take up their crosses—symbolizing a person who carries a cross to the place of crucifixion—and follow after Him. Jesus is telling them to renounce themselves and follow Him even to the point of death. It means giving up their plans, dreams and lives to follow Jesus. This is full surrender—you give up your whole way of life to follow Jesus.
    Matthew 10:38; Luke 9:22-26
  • The only true form of persecution that can ultimately silence a witness is martyrdom. Our bodies being killed is the greatest price we can pay for witnessing of Jesus, but mankind still shouldn’t be feared. Jesus tells His disciples not to fear “them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul”—meaning they aren’t the highest of authorities and our soul is beyond their reach. When our physical life ends our eternal life begins.
    Matthew 10:28

The Proclamation Of A Biblically Bold Witness

  • We are to continually proclaim Jesus’ death and resurrection—reaching unbelievers with the message of Jesus that they might be redeemed to God and glorify Him for His mercy and teaching believers the word of God that results in the church actively making disciples of all nations. Our ambition is for the evangelization of the unreached and for the edification of the saints. We are to passionately advance forward as one mission.
    Matthew 28:18-20; Acts 5:41-42

The Power Of A Biblically Bold Witness

  • The authority of missions is rooted in the God of the Bible—thus in the Bible itself. We go forth knowing “thus saith the Lord”. God sent Jesus, Jesus sent the apostles and thus the church. The church in Jesus’ authority continues the mission in the world until He returns.
    John 20:20-21
  • Boldness in the book of Acts is almost always connected with speaking, and even more so, speaking the Word of God. Boldness applied means to openly, clearly, and freely be a witness in spite of prohibiting or unfavorable circumstances (persecution, human law, etc). This boldness comes from the filling of the Holy Spirit who empowers us to boldly proclaim the gospel of Jesus as He convicts unbelievers of sin, righteousness, and judgment. His ministry is to help us witness of Jesus and direct worship to Him.
    John 16:7-15; Acts 4:13, 29, 31; 9:27; 29, 13:46; 14:3; 18:26; 19:8

The Place A Biblically Bold Witness Goes

  • Our witness should start in our home, extend to our neighbors, stretch to the other side of the world and everywhere in between. God’s love for mankind is universal. He sent Jesus to be the Saviour of the people of the world, and we are sent to preach the gospel to all.
    Mark 16:15; 2 Peter 3:9

The People Who Should Be A Biblically Bold Witness

  • The Bible is clear they won’t believe without a witness, thus it is the privileged obligation of every believer to be a witness for Jesus. We have been entrusted with the ministry and word of reconciliation. We are ambassadors for Christ. We use our momentary lives to answer God’s call to salvation, discipleship, and to be a witness that proclaims the gospel of Jesus. We have a burden for the salvation of mankind. We purpose our lives to be witnesses—propagators of the propitiation.
    Romans 10:13-15

Review Questions

  • What is the purpose of a biblically bold witness?
  • What is the price to be a biblically bold witness?
  • What is the proclamation of a biblically bold witness?
  • What is the power of a biblically bold witness?
  • What is the place and who should be the people of a biblically bold witness?

Missions: Bow The Knee 

We know God has ordained the church and the church alone to take the Gospel to the world. But we will never obey His command unless the following is true: He is LORD of our lives and we are willing to obey His mandates with the proper motivation—it is not about us, but it is all about Him.

Bow The Knee To His Lordship
Philippians 2:9-11

  • The Humiliation of Jesus: To be exalted, Jesus had to be humbled and humiliated, so the “wherefore” in verse 9 takes us back to verses 6-8. We learn that Jesus was and is God (2:6). He was in glory with God. He is the Creator of the world. He decided He would leave glory and come “into the world to save sinners.” He came through a virgin birth. He is God in the flesh (2:7). He lived a sinless life. He chose to lay it down for us. He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities. He died on the Cross, shed His righteous blood (2:8) and was the propitiation for our sins and for the sins of the whole world. Finally, they placed Him in a tomb.
    John 1:1-3; 1:14; 10:18; 1 Timothy 1:15; Matthew 1:21; 27:60, 66; 19:4; Isaiah 53:5; 1 John 2:9
  • The Exaltation of Jesus: “Wherefore God hath…”—God saw the travail of His soul and His wrath was satisfied. God raised Jesus from the dead. All authority was given to Him. He ascended unto the right hand of God. He intercedes for us. He was given a name above all names: “LORD” (2:9-11). It means He is: GOD; the One in control; the King; the Sovereign Ruler; our Authority and Master. It is the name that represents the finished work of Jesus Christ. He died and rose again to be Lord.
    Isaiah 53:10-11; 1 Peter 1:21; Matthew 28:18; Ephesians 1:20-23; Acts 2:32-36; Hebrews 7:25-27; Romans 14:9
  • As an unbeliever, it is the name you confess your belief upon for salvation. The Bible says that if you will confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised Him from the dead, you shalt be saved. One day every tongue should confess in heaven, in earth, things under the earth—confess Him before it is to late.
    Romans 10:9-10, 13
  • As a believer, is the name we daily bow to humbling ourselves saying, “Not my will but thine be done.” If He is Lord then we can’t live our lives according to the way we want. Have you taken Him off the throne in your Christian walk? Whoever is Lord is in control. Why do we call Him Lord but don’t do the things which He says? Are you bowing the knee to Him as Lord? Are you still trying to run your own life? Isn’t He worthy of being Lord of your Life? (Illustration: The citizens of Rome would use the word “Lord” to show the “divinity” of Caesar. Christians would refuse to say the phrase “Caesar is Lord” and died claiming “Jesus is Lord.”)
    Luke 6:46

Bow The Knee To His Mandates

  • If we are bowing the knee to His Lordship, we must also be willing to bow the knee to His mandates: go, pray, give.
  • Go: Are we willing to go? The resurrected all-powerful Lord Jesus Christ commands us to go. We are to go to “all” nations, we are not to keep the gospel to ourselves, He died for all. “Going” consists of three things: (1) Teaching—sharing the gospel or soul wining; (2) Baptizing—a testimony to their conversion; (3) Teaching—discipleship and teaching “all things”—the Bible.
    Matthew 28:18-20
  • Pray: Are we willing to pray? Jesus was moved with compassion because of the multitude. Compassion results in action. A reaction just results in guilt. The situation: “The harvest truly is plenteous”—meaning there are plenty of lost people to be saved. The problem: “laborers are few”—meaning there aren’t enough people sharing the gospel message. The solution: “pray”—meaning we need to ask God for more laborers. Are we asking God for laborers? This is the prayer request of God. He will not command you to pray what He won’t answer. Ask God to make you a laborer. When you pray for laborers, pray: “God does that mean me? Do you want me to go?” Think about it: Do we pray more to keep people of out heaven (praying for sick believers) than we do to keep people out of hell (praying for God to send forth labourers into His harvest). Remember: Jesus is interceding for us—we don’t have to do this on our own.
    Matthew 9:36-38; Hebrews 7:25-27
  • Give: Are we willing to Give? Do you have a “willing mind” to give? God owns the world and all therein. Think about it: Where does your money come from? It comes from your job. What does your job take? It takes your time. What is your time?—It is your life. You are giving your life. By giving the money you earned you are giving God that much of your time or life—one of the most precious things we have. God loves a cheerful giver. He doesn’t want us to give grudgingly—“giving with resentment”; nor just of necessity —“the church or God needs it”. We need to purpose in our hearts what to give. We need to seek God to find out what to give. We also need to plan to give that so you can give cheerfully. (Illustration: You intend to give $20 a week to missions, but you didn’t plan for it. When you get to the church you have a $5 and $50, which do you give? If you give the $5, later you feel guilty that you gave $15 less than you intended. If you give the $50, later there will be resentment that you gave so much and are short on money. Our intention needs to me paired with active planning and action so we can give cheerfully.) The blessing of giving: The more you give the more you receive.
    Deuteronomy 10:14; 2 Corinthians 8:11-12; 9:6-9; Luke 6:38

Bow The Knee To His Glory
Philippians 2:11

  • If we are bowing the knee to His Lordship and mandates, what is our motivation for serving Him? Why do we do what we do? Why go to the heathen people of the world? They hate God and love their sins and they deserve to go to hell. Answer: Before we were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God, we were in the exact same condition. Just like Jesus endured the agonies of the cross for us, He also died for them. Doesn’t He deserve those for whom He died? (Illustration: “May the Lamb that was slain receive the reward of His suffering.”—The Call of the Moravian Mission) Why?—Because Jesus is worth it. This is our ultimate motivation. It is the reason we were created. Bowing the knee to His glory means you have to give up your glory. It’s not about you—it is about Him. It is all about His glory.
    Romans 1-3; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; 1 Corinthians 10:31; Revelation 4:11
  • The world is dying without Christ. Will we obey Him as LORD of our lives and be willing to obey His mandates with the proper motivation, that it is not about us, but it is all about Him. Are you willing to bow the knee? Are you willing to bow the knee to His Lordship, mandates, and glory? Make a decisions today to trust in Jesus and follow and serve Him.

Review Questions

  • What is the humiliation and exaltation of Jesus?
  • What does the name “Lord” mean to an unbeliever and believer?
  • What are the three mandates?
  • What is should be our motivation?
  • Are you bowing the knee to His Lordship, mandates, and glory?

Missions: How Do We Live For Missions?

We live for missions by: living to be a servant for the kingdom of God—using our momentary lives to answer God’s call to salvation, discipleship, and to be a witness; living to be a catalyst for the nations—going to stand between the dead and the living and with a burden for the world interceding for them by prayer; living to be a missionary for the salvation of mankind—we purpose our lives to be “on mission” and are desirous to go.

Live To Be A Servant For The Kingdom Of God

  • The Uncertainty of Life: one life—once chance; life is short—very short. Our lives are like a vapor that appears for a little time and then vanishes away. Therefore, we only have this life to faithfully use and invest our time, treasure, and talent into the kingdom of God. We need the Lord to make us know our end, to know the measure of our days, to know how frail and fleeting our lives are. The length of our days is out of our control—we can only choose what we are going to do today.
    James 4:14; Psalms 39:4-5
  • We only have one momentary life to believe in Jesus. Thus, awake—all who are sleeping, all who are dead in their trespasses and sins, all who are living according to the lusts of their flesh and fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind. Wake up and understand the incredible opportunity that God is offering to you—to raise you from the dead. God is rich in mercy, He loves us with His great love and He is offering to make us alive together with Jesus by grace. Jesus is the light to show us the way to God. God is willing to forgive all our trespasses. He will blot out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us. He nailed all our sin to the cross and triumphs through His resurrection. Repent and but your faith in Jesus alone for salvation.
    Ephesians 2:1-10; 5:13-14; Colossians 2:13-15
  • We only have one momentary life to live for Jesus. Thus, we are to pay attention to the away that we live. We have been redeemed and we live for God now. We are disciples of Jesus and our behavior should be in line with that. Let us cast off our foolish and unwise ways and live as those who know and understand what the will of Jesus is. Jesus calls His disciples to follow Him and commands them to make disciples of all nations. Therefore, let us redeem the time—meaning let us make the best use of the time that we have to live for God. Jesus gave Himself to be a ransom for all. God our Saviour desires all people to be saved and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.
    Ephesians 5:15-17; 1 Timothy 2:3-4; Matthew 4:19-22; 6:33-34; 28:16-20; 1 Peter 1:17; 1 Corinthians 9:24-27
  • We only have one momentary life to be a witness of Jesus. When Jesus was on earth he had one life (while it is day) to serve God and be the light of the world. When His work was completed He called His disciples to be the light of the world—meaning that all followers of Jesus are to be His witness in the world. Every believer should be involved trying to reach every person. We need all believers to reach all nations.
    John 9:5; 20:21-23; Acts 1:8; Matthew 5:14-16

Live To Be A Catalyst For The Nations

  • Go stand between the dead and the living—will we live for ourselves or will be like Aaron who took a censer with fire from the altar, ran into the midst of the congregation, put on incense, and made an atonement for the people so that the plague was stayed. He stood between the dead and the living—those who already died from the plague and those who were about to be affected by it. In a similar manner, we have been called to do the same thing. We are to take the gospel of Jesus, run into the midst of the people of the world, declare that Jesus has already died to make atonement for the people and He has resurrected from the dead—by faith in Him the plague of sin can be held back, you don’t have to perish into eternal damnation like so many before you who have already died in their sins. You have the opportunity to choose life. We stand between life and death with the gospel. All around the world they are dying and being eternally separated from God by the plague of sin and they need someone to run in their midst with the gospel to stop the plague from claiming more lives.
    Numbers 16:46-48
  • Go to a creative access country. They might not welcome missionaries but we have an Old Testament example of God telling His prophet to go into a land with a hostile government. He gave him a specific duty to do (sacrifice) for his protection against the government (undercover) in order to carry out his ultimate mission (anointing).
    1 Samuel 16:2-3
  • Go where they forbid the gospel to be preached. Human government shouldn’t make laws that precede God’s commands. They will create such laws and enforce them but the believer’s first and foremost authority is God and obedience to His commands. This should precede all human laws which would mean these laws are invalid. So the choice is left to the believer whether to obey God and suffer persecution because of it.
    Acts 5:27-29
  • Go even if they will persecute you or reject the gospel. The gospel was first preached to the Jews, but many rejected and the focus was turned to the gentiles—(any person from any people group that wasn’t Jewish). Jesus just told the disciples that they are going to be in a hostile environment (sheep among wolves). Thus, persecution and rejection was to be expected. They were to follow the principle of being “wise as serpents and harmless as doves”—meaning they are aware and judging the situation, wisely knowing when it is time to flee or move on to the next city; they enter hostile environments without being hostile; but they always unceasingly preach the gospel.
    Matthew 10:16-23; Acts 13:46-52; 14:19-22; 18:6-11; 20:26; Romans 1:13-16
  • Pray to God for the people of the world to be saved—Paul had such a great heaviness and continual sorrow in his heart that he wished that he was accursed from Christ so that the Jews could be saved. His heart’s desire and prayer to God was that they might be saved. There are people groups around the world that are just like the Jews that Paul was praying for—they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. They are ignorant of God’s righteousness and seeking to establish their own righteousness. Let’s have a burden for the people of the world who don’t know God and make it a matter of prayer.
    Romans 9:1-3; 10:1-3; Matthew 9:36-38

Live To Be A Missionary For The Salvation Of All Mankind

  • A missionary is one who lives “on mission” and our mission is that all mankind may be saved. Paul exemplified this by not seeking his own profit, but the profit of many—he made himself all things to all men, that he might by all means save some. His desire was to limit his freedom and not offend people with the things that are indifferent to scripture in order to convert people of any group to faith in Jesus. We are to join with Paul in doing this all for the gospel’s sake, that we may share with them in its blessings.
    1 Corinthians 4:14-17; 7:29-31; 9:19-23; 10:31-11:1
  • The majority of the world’s population lives outside of your country, thus we need men to surrender to be foreign missionaries. We need men who like Isaiah, when he heard the voice of the Lord calling to send someone forth that he through a humble heart volunteered to go. He was sent to go and tell a certain people a message on the behalf of God. Who will go and tell the people of the world the message of God’s love on the behalf of Jesus. In one aspect it is God who calls and qualifies a man for service and on the other hand it is us volunteering our lives to take part in His mission. Who will go?
    Isaiah 6:8-9

Review Questions

  • We only have one momentary life to do what?
  • What does it mean to go stand between the dead and the living?
  • Should closed countries, human laws, persecution, or rejection keep us from going?
  • What should one of our prayer request be that can be used as a catalyst?
  • Will you live to be a missionary for the salvation of all mankind?

Missions: What Is The Ambition Of Missions?

The ambition of missions is a tension between our zeal for the evangelization of the unreached and our devotion for the edification of the saints. We cannot abandon one for the other, but we are to passionately advance forward in both aspects as one mission.

A Zeal For The Evangelization Of The Unreached

  • Paul’s Aspiration: Paul had a predominant aspiration, desire, ambition, or passion to preach the gospel where Jesus was “not named”—places where the majority of the people had never been told or heard about Jesus. Paul was not asking where is the gospel essential—for it is essential everywhere, but he is asking where is the gospel pressing because they don’t have access to it. We can draw several applications from Paul’s aspiration:
    Romans 15:18-25; Acts 26:13-21
  • Paul’s desire was rooted in the Bible—both the Old and New Testament. Paul’s calling to salvation, discipleship, and ministry are all recorded in the New Testament, but he quotes the Old Testament for his passion to reach the unreached. We know that from the beginning God promised to save “whosoever will” through sending Jesus as the Saviour of the World and in the end He will accomplish His mission by saving people from every kindred, tongue, people and nation. The Bible should be the source of our aspirations—especially to be on mission to save sinful mankind for God’s glory.
    Romans 15:21; Acts 26:22-23; Isaiah 52:15
  • Paul comprehends the problem and the solution. We are to reach the people of the world who had never heard of Jesus before because they are condemned already and without excuse. The only hope for any person to be reconciled to God is through believing in Jesus and confessing His name. God’s love for the people of the world and their “inescapable condemnation through their own means” should compel us to unashamedly preach the gospel of Christ. Paul was convinced that the gospel of Jesus is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believes. Do you comprehend man’s hopeless condition, impending judgment, and eternal damnation?  Are you convinced the gospel is man’s only hope?
    Romans 1:16-23; John 3:18
  • Paul sacrificed his relationships. Paul wanted to be at Rome, but instead he was spending his time away from them so that the people from Jerusalem and round about unto Illyricum could receive the gospel of Jesus. He longed to go see them for many years, but he never did because of his aspiration to see the unreached evangelized. Are we willing to sacrifice time that we want to spend with people that we hold dear to us for the sake of the gospel?—No doubt this is a sacrifice that must be made for everyone who “goes to the nations”.
    Romans 15:22
  • Paul’s ministered by word and deed. Paul knew that he had to declare the good news of Jesus. He knew he had to clearly articulate the gospel so that they could understand. He also knew those words had to be matched with his actions. His lifestyle had to match the message he proclaimed. For Paul, this also included mighty signs and wonders—(note: this was never to be a part of normal life in the lives of God’s people, but God used them at special times, such as this). Paul could only live this kind of life by the power of the Holy Spirit of God. Today, we need men and women who live Holy Spirit-filled lives to reach the lost through their words and deeds.
    Romans 15:18-19
  • Paul works hard but God gives the increase. We are labourers together with God. Paul was pioneering the gospel in new regions that didn’t know Jesus’ name and he accomplished that mission, thus his pioneering work was no longer needed there. He evangelized the heathen in those areas and planted churches that would carry forth the responsibility to do the work of evangelism in their local areas. Thus, he didn’t reach every person himself, but he left a church to witness in every area that he was. This exemplifies that not everyone will have the same roles in fulfilling the great commission. We need people who like Paul will pioneer the gospel in places where they don’t know Jesus’ name. We need churches started in those areas and pastors trained to continue the work of evangelism in their local area and beyond. We have to work together, some planting, some watering, and God giving all the increase.
    Romans 15:18-19; 23-24; 2 Timothy 4:5; 1 Corinthians 3:2-9
  • Paul’s Invitation: Paul encouraged others to follow his example as he followed Jesus. Jesus came as the Saviour of the people of the world. Do we have a passion to see the unreached evangelized? Do you have a passion that those who have never been told or heard will see and understand? The church was to follow Paul, thus all believers should have a principal passion to make Jesus known where He is not known.
    Philippians 3:17-21; 1 Corinthians 11:1; 4:16; 1 Thessalonians 1:6; 1 John 4:14
  • Our Shame: Some people still do not have the knowledge of God and this is our shame. God is not willing that any should perish but that all come to repentance. Will we obey the great commission and make disciples of all nations? How many people have heard the gospel at least once where you live? Who will go? Who will send? It is our responsibility.
    1 Corinthians 15:34; 2 Peter 3:9

A Devotion For The Edification Of The Saints

  • Paul was driven by his desire to reach the unreached but he also laboured to present every man perfect in Christ Jesus. This would be accomplished through establishing local churches—groups of believers who consistently meet together obeying what the Bible has taught about the purpose and work of a church. Paul strived for these churches to be healthy (teach the Bible correctly and obey it; to have proper leadership; practices church discipline when necessary; to be unified; to do things decently and in order; to understand and exercises spiritual gifts properly) so that they could produce active and healthy members that become more like Jesus with each passing day. Thus, our zeal for reaching the unreached cannot be separated from our devotion for the edification of the saints—for the very nature of making disciples and teaching them all that Christ taught implies and requires the formation and continuation of active, healthy local churches.
    Colossians 1:28-29; Ephesians 3:9; 4:12-16
  • Paul was concerned with continual instruction—meaning that even after a church had been establish and the disciples are trained he still provided avenues to edify the believers. This is exemplified by him when he would: (1) return to some of the churches he started to help them; (2) send his disciples to give them assistance; (3) write much needed letters to them when necessary.
    Acts 18:18-23; 2 Corinthians 8:16-18; Examples of letters: Romans 1:1-7; 1 Timothy 1:1-2; Titus 1:1-4

Review Questions

  • What was Paul’s aspiration?
  • Paul’s aspiration was rooted in what?
  • What is our shame?
  • What is the tension between evangelization and edification?
  • Why was Paul concerned with continual instruction?

Missions: What Is Going And Sending In Missions?

Going and sending represent the partnership between a church and a missionary. Every believer has a part to fulfill in missions, whether it is a missionary who leaves his local church to carry the gospel to a foreign land or a member of a local church who actively participates in sending forth missionaries. We are to be faithful to our calling.

Distinguishing Senders And Goers

  • The church effectively and solely inherited the responsibility of the great commission. This is the task of the church to be continuously making disciples of all nations until Jesus’ return. This is to be carried out by going to the nations of the world preaching the gospel, baptizing new converts in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and teaching the Word of God to edify the believers. Thus, every believer should be concerned about all the people of the world hearing the gospel and be involved in this world-wide venture so that all the earth may hear, believe, and call upon the name of Jesus to be saved.
    Matthew 28:18-20; Mark 16:15-18; Luke 24:46-49; John 20:19-23; Acts 1:8
  • The Bible is clear that anyone who calls upon the name of the Lord will be saved. How will they call on Him if they have not believed? How will they believe if they have never heard of Jesus? How can they hear if there is no preacher, and how can they preach unless they are sent? Therefore, there are two main types of callings when referring to missions: goers and senders. In general, all believers have the responsibility to go preach the gospel and send around the world those willing to witness of Jesus, but specifically we have different roles and lifestyles. Goers and senders represent two different lifestyles but the one and the same mission. They are interconnected and dependent on each other.
    Romans 10:13-15
  • Goers (itinerant): A “goer” is a missionary who leaves his local church and goes forth to be a witness among the heathen of the world. This means that certain believers will be called to forsake their traditional occupation, neighborhood, and family to take the gospel to another land. This often requires the financial backing of the church.
  • Senders (settled): A “sender” is a member of a local church who actively participates in sending forth missionaries to be witnesses among the heathen of the world. They aren’t called to forsake their traditional occupation, neighborhood, and family to take the gospel to another land, but instead to work hard and honestly to provide for their families and use their money, possessions, time and talents to further the mission. Every believer should be involved in sending missionaries to other lands that they themselves cannot go to and choose to strategically live their lives so that you are not only shining a light at home but around the world.

Missionary Partnerships: Fellowship In The Gospel

  • Paul thanked God in prayer because of the church at Philippi’s ongoing “fellowship in the gospel”. This church purposefully partnered with Paul. Paul had more than one partnership like this. He was in partnership with local churches. The partnership had several factors that serve as a good example for us today: (1) Relational—they had a deep concern for and relationship with Paul. This is genuine care, interest and involvement in each others lives. (2) Refreshing—the partnership was a joy, one that greatly encouraged Paul and he enjoyed when He could be with them. (3) Financial—they even took it upon themselves to financially support and help Paul. Paul even looked forward to their help as it enable him to serve others. (4) Prayerful—they knew what was going on with each other and often prayed for each other. (5) Service—they would serve each other and partake of the same things, including: evangelism, encouragement during times of imprisonment, or sending co-labourers to help serve.
    Philippians 1:3-8, 14; 2:25; 4:14-20; Romans 15:24; 30-33; Ephesians 6:18-20; Colossians 4:24; 2 Corinthians 11:8

The Financial Support Of The Mission

  • Believers are stewards and pilgrims. As stewards, we recognize that God is the sovereign owner of everything, including all of our earthy money and possessions—and we are to faithfully manage that which He has put into our care. As pilgrims, we recognize that our citizenship is in heaven—God’s kingdom is where our loyalties lie. Therefore, this world is not our home but we are just passing through. But while we are journeying through this world desiring a better country, we are on mission to reach the people of the world with the gospel of Jesus—that “whosoever will” might be saved.
    Deuteronomy 8:18; 1 Samuel 2:7; John 18:36; Hebrews 11:13-16; Philippians 3:17-21
  • Believers are to work and give. The biblical method to obtain money is work. God has designed mankind to work in order to provide a living for themselves and their families. But also we obtain money and gain treasure on earth to invest in heaven. As believers, we are not to lay up for ourselves treasures upon earth because they have no lasting value (moth and rust doth corrupt; thieves break in and steal). Instead, we are to lay up for ourselves treasures in heaven because they have lasting value (neither moth nor rust doth corrupt; thieves do not break in nor steal). Therefore, true wealth is found not in our treasure (money and possessions) here on earth but in treasure in heaven (rewards from God). God has an unlimited number of treasure to give to those who invest in heaven through using their wealth (money and possessions) to serve God and others.
    Matthew 6:19-20; Luke 12:33; Mark 10:21; 1 Timothy 5:8; 2 Thessalonians 3:6-15
  • Believers are to give to missions. Full-time ministers of the gospel should earn their living (or have the right to be financially supported) by this “gospel-work” alone. This can be accomplished through local churches supporting missionaries. This is also one of the ways all believers can be involved in missions. The New Testament paradigm for giving, generous grace giving, applies for this type of giving. Its principles are as follows: complementary—a balance between the spiritual and material workings within the church; proportional—the amount given is “within” and sacrificially “beyond” our financial ability; regular—a pattern to follow so that we can excel in our giving; cheerful—a joy because it is a privilege and not an obligation; honest—the process of dealing with money that is given through the church and/or to missionaries needs to be done in a way that is accountable so there would be no reason for criticism.
    2 Corinthians 8:1-3; 8-24; 9:1-15; 1 Corinthians 9:14; 16:2-4
  • Believers are blessed by giving to missions. There are two main blessings we can partake in from giving to missions: (1) for with the measure we give, in the same way it will be measured back to us again or we will reap what we sow—meaning that God will supply all our needs as we are obedient to Him; (2) fruit will abound to our accounts—meaning as we use our money and possessions to support God’s work in this world we are laying up for ourselves treasure in heaven. For example, if you support a missionary and someone gets saved through his ministry, then you partake in that fruit too.
    Proverbs 19:17; Luke 6:38; 2 Corinthians 9:6; Philippians 4:17-19; Matthew 6:19-21
  • Believers make missions giving a priority because the mission is a priority. We see the need of the world to receive the gospel. We willingly desire to take part. We wisely make giving a financial priority. We strategically plan with our local church so we can do more together. We work hard and give as God prospers us—first taking a portion of our money and giving it or laying it aside so that it can be given when needed. We continue to faithfully give and support the work of missionaries who go on our behalf.
    1 Corinthians 9:7; 16:2; 1 Timothy 5:18; 2 Timothy 2:1-7

Review Questions

  • Whose responsibility is the great commission?
  • What is a goer?
  • What is a sender?
  • What does a missionary partnership look like?
  • How do we financially support the mission?

Missions: What Is The Authority Of Missions?

The authority of missions is rooted in the God of the Bible and thus in the Bible itself. We go forth knowing “thus saith the Lord”. God sent Jesus, Jesus sent the apostles and thus the church. The church in Jesus’ authority continues the mission in the world until He returns.

The Authority Of Missions Is The Bible Of The Mission

  • The Authority of the Bible: The Bible is sufficient for us to know God’s will and it is the only way for us to be certain about God’s will. The words of the Bible are the words of God and there is no greater authority than God Himself. Since all the words of the Bible are the words of God, a believer who does not obey the Bible is saying that he does not want to obey God; but to obey the Bible is to obey God. Therefore, there are no dreams, visions, offices or positions of ministry, or anything else that has higher authority than the Bible.
    2 Timothy 3:16; 1 Corinthians 14:37
  • The Authority of the Bible and the “Apostles of Christ”: The apostles of Christ were uniquely sent out by Jesus to lay the foundation of the church among the peoples of the world and to be witnesses of Jesus. They spoke with the authority of God and had direct revelation from God as the New Testament was not written yet. But even they were held accountable to the Old Testament—what they proclaimed was examined against the Scriptures that were already revealed to see whether or not they were truly proclaiming the word of God. The completion of the Bible and the cessation of the office of the apostles of Christ means the ultimate and final authority is the Bible itself. Therefore, the authenticity of anyone who participates in missions and their right to be an ambassador for Christ is only legitimate and authoritative if it is in submission to God’s revealed will in the Bible.
    Acts 17:10-11; Galatians 1:8-9

The Exercise Of Authority To Go And Send Forth

  • In Jesus’ Power: After Jesus died and rose from the dead, He appeared to the disciples and told them that all power was given to Him. Jesus was claiming absolute, sovereign authority which would be the basis for the command that He would give them. Therefore, it is in the name of Jesus alone that the apostles and all believers fulfill the great commission. As they fulfilled this command, Jesus told His disciples that He would be with them always. We not only obey this command in the name of Jesus but He also goes with us. We do not go on our own, but we know that He is with us. Therefore, the One who has all authority in heaven and earth sends us forth, and He also has promised to be with us through the entire process until the end of the world.
    Matthew 28:18-20; John 20:19-23
  • In Jesus’ Name: Two of the apostles of Christ, Peter and John, went up together into the temple. Peter healed a man lame from his mother’s womb in the name of Jesus Christ. All the people saw him walking and praising God. Then the healed man held them and they took this opportunity to teach all the people and they preached through Jesus the resurrection from the dead—that even though the “men of Israel” had killed Jesus, God raised Him from the dead, thus they were to repent and be converted. The Jewish leaders (the priests, the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees) seized Peter and John and asked them a very important question: “By what power, or by what name, have ye done this?”—They wanted to know what kind of supernatural power they had or by what name or authority they had to heal this man. Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, told them very clearly that His authority was “by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth” and He continued to tell them that “neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.”
    Acts 3:11, 25; 4:1-12
  • Ordination: As the mission was being carried out, we find the following: the apostles ordained men for ministry; Paul (an apostle of Christ) and Barnabas (a missionary) were ordained by the church that was at Antioch; Paul and Barnabas ordained elders in all the churches in Lystra, Iconium, and Antioch; Timothy was ordained by the presbytery (church leadership). Ordination and its symbol of “the laying on of the hands” to express the exercising authority for approving of men for ministry and delegation authority to them is a pattern that can be carefully and humbly applied to the advancement of missions.
    Acts 6:2-7; 13:3; 14:21-23; 1 Timothy 4:14; 5:22; 2 Timothy 1:6
  • The Authority Continuum: the church and its mission started with Jesus who was sent by God. When His work was completed, the church and its mission continued with the apostles who was sent by Jesus. When their work was completed through the establishment of the church and the completion of the word of God, the mission continued with the church—the church effectively and solely inherited the responsibility of the great commission. Thus, with its inherited authority and pattern of the New Testament the local church has the right to exercise authority to ordain missionaries and send them out. Thus, the missionaries go forth in this authority and extends that authority when he and the newly formed church ordains the new local church leadership.
    Ephesians 2:19-22; John 9:5; 20:21-23; Matthew 5:14-16
  • Ordination’s Purpose: This seems to have three main functions: (1) The Bible places the emphasis on the New Testament church and that God carries out its mission collectively and not individually. (2) The church and its leadership recognize the spiritual gifts and qualifications on a man’s life for ministry. This includes those who seek to go out from the church as missionaries to serve in a foreign land. (3) The one who receives the “laying on of the hands” is establishing his personal call to ministry through the confirmation of other believers in the church who speak well of him concerning his ministry abilities and lifestyle. Therefore, concerning missions, this is the church collectively approving of a man to be sent forth as a missionary on its behalf.

The Application Of The Authority Of Missions

  • Each local church has the right and responsibility to participate in missions—for this is the reason they exists. They can confidently and boldly fulfill their purpose. They should be actively going forth in their local area and at the same time reaching beyond to the people of the world by sending forth qualified men in obedience to the great commission. This should also created a healthy partnership between missionaries and churches
    Acts 13:49; 19:10, 20; Philippians 1:5-7
  • Every believer has the right and responsibility to participate in missions through proclaiming that Jesus is the one and only way for a person to be saved. We can confidently and boldly proclaim to any people group, any nation, any religious group or minority that their gods and idols are all vanity. It is imperative that we preach to mankind that God commands them to turn from their vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, earth, the sea, and all things that are therein.
    John 14:6; Isaiah 44:9-19; Acts 14:8-18; 19:26; Psalm 96:4; 1 Chronicles 16:25

Review Questions

  • What is the authority of the Bible?
  • We go forth in the Name of who?
  • How does the church choose men for ministry? What is its symbol?
  • What are the three main functions of the above method?
  • What is the application of the authority of missions?

Missions: Who Should Participate In Missions?

It is the privileged obligation of every believer to participate in missions. The church is to continue the responsibility to be actively making disciples of all nations. We have been entrusted with the ministry and word of reconciliation. We are ambassadors for Christ. Some will be “sent out” from the church to preach the gospel of peace so that all the earth can hear, believe, and call upon the name of the Lord to be saved.

The Privileged Obligation Of Every Believer

  • The continuity of the mission—the church was built upon: (1) “Jesus Christ Himself being the chief corner stone”—representing the first stone put in place to make sure the foundation is laid right. (2) “the foundation of the apostles and prophets”—men chosen to have a special office of authority. Therefore, the  church and its mission started with Jesus who was sent by God to be “the light of the world”. When His work was completed through His miracles, teaching, death, resurrection and His final ascension to heaven, the church and its mission continued with the apostles who was sent by Jesus to be “the light of the world”. When their work was completed through the establishment of local churches and the completion of the word of God, the mission continued with the church to be “the light of the world”—the church effectively and solely inherited the responsibility of the great commission—to be God’s witness in the world.
    Ephesians 2:19-22; John 9:5; 20:21-23; Matthew 5:14-16
  • The entrustment of the mission—as believers, the love of Jesus constrains us—meaning that it urges or motivates us to action. It means that we should no longer live for ourselves but live for Jesus who died for us and rose again. The gospel should radically change our lives. In Jesus, we are made new creatures by God. This means that our old way of life has passed away and we live life in a new way. Part of this new life is being entrusted with the message of the mission that changed our lives.
    2 Corinthians 5:14-18; Galatians 2:20
  • The ministry and word of reconciliation: God was in Christ, reconciling the people of the world to Himself, not imputing their trespasses to them. Reconciliation means the act of restoring our relationship with God. God has done all the work necessary through Jesus to reconcile mankind to Himself. God sent Jesus to suffer the penalty of His enemies so that they could be made His friends. Everyone who is in Christ has been declared righteous (justified) and has his relationship restored with his Creator (reconciled). This restored relationship gives us great joy. As believers—those who have been reconciled, we have been given (privilege) by God “the ministry of reconciliation” and He has committed (obligation) to us “the word of reconciliation”. Thus, it is the responsibility of every believer to proclaim the gospel to the people of the world.
    2 Corinthians 5:18-19; Romans 5:8-11
  • Ambassadors for Christ: We are given authority by God to represent Jesus in this world. God makes His appeals to the world through us. We are to implore the people of the world on the behalf of Christ to be reconciled to God. We are to declare to the people of the world that God made Jesus to be sins for us—even though Jesus knew no sin—so that we might be made the righteousness of God in Jesus. This means the main occupation of ours lives is to make disciples—teaching others who Jesus is, how to know Him, and how to serve Him.
    2 Corinthians 5:20-21

The Distinguished Calling Of A Missionary

  • Church Authority—sending forth: Now that the church has been entrusted with and bears the responsibility of the great commission (every member should be involved), it is thus the sending agency that God works through to send chosen men (evangelist, preachers, missionaries) to preach the gospel of peace so that all the earth can hear, believe, and call upon the name of the Lord to be saved.
    Romans 10:13-17; Acts15:22; 2 Timothy 4:5
  • The succession of the apostle function: Apostle means “sent one”—one who is sent forth with a specific mission to accomplish under the authority of the sender. Jesus was the “Apostle”—chosen and sent forth by God on a mission that the people of the world through Him might be saved. This was a unique calling in that He was the propitiation for our sins. The twelve disciples and Paul were called “apostles”—chosen and sent forth by Jesus to carry forth His mission. This was a unique calling in that they were to testify as eyewitnesses of Jesus. Today, the church sends forth “apostles” or messengers—those that preach the gospel of peace to all the earth. This was a unique calling in that they are to do the work of an evangelist and/or teacher.
    Hebrews 3:1; Luke 6:13; John 3:17; 17:18-21; Romans 1:1-7; Acts 1:1-8
  • Distinguishing the office and the gift: There were two main types of “apostles” in the New Testament. The twelve disciples and Paul were “apostles of Christ”. They were confirmed through being eyewitnesses of and chosen by Jesus, as well as, performing miraculous signs. This was a special “office of authority” that only these men had. The other type of apostles were “messengers of the churches”. They did not have the “office of authority” like the other apostles but they were their successors and were labeled as apostles for being “sent out” of the church as evangelists and teachers.
    1 Corinthians 4:6, 9; 2 Corinthians 8:23; 11:13; Philippians 2:25; 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 2:6; Acts 13:1-3; 14:4, 14
  • Missionary Calling—going forth: There are three kinds of missionaries the church should look for to send forth: (1) “Evangelists”—those who are sent by the church to preach to unbelievers among the heathen of the world with the message of Jesus. (2) “Teachers”—those who are sent to teach the new believers with the word of God; establish new local churches among them; train adequate church leadership. (4) “Evangelists/Teachers”—those who are gifted and able to fulfill all or a combination of these functions.
    Ephesians 4:11; Acts 8:5; 21:8; 1 Thessalonians 3:2-3; 1 Corinthians 3:5-9; 2 Timothy 2:2; 4:5
  • Chosen men are given the “gift of evangelist/teacher/pastor“ which is often referred to as Jesus “calling” that man to be a full-time vocational missionary. The call of a missionary then is not God orally telling you what to do, but it is acknowledging and submitting to the gifts that He has enabled you with.
    Ephesians 2:10; 4:7-8, 11; 1 Peter 2:9; 1 Corinthians 12:11
  • Thus, certain men will have an inclination to give their life to God for full-time missionary service. But how can they know for sure? They can recognize “the call” through the following steps: Desire—Is there an inner compulsion that is leading you to consider being a missionary? Ability—Do you have leadership skills, the ability to communicate the gospel, and a compassionate heart to reach the lost around the world? Lifestyle—Do you meet the qualifications and are you living a life that other believers can follow in regard to character, marriage, family, conduct and ability? Confirmation—Do other believers in the church speak well of you concerning your ministry abilities and lifestyle?
    Philippians 2:13; 1 Timothy 3:1-7; Titus 1:6-9; 1 Peter 1:15-16; Acts 16:1-2

Review Questions

  • What is the continuity of the mission?
  • Who is the mission entrusted to?
  • What was given the ministry and word of reconciliation as ambassadors for Christ?
  • What is church’s function to send forth?
  • What is a missionary calling?