Tag Archives: Missions

Missions: Bow The Knee 

We know God has ordained the church and the church alone to take the Gospel to the world. But we will never obey His command unless the following is true: He is LORD of our lives and we are willing to obey His mandates with the proper motivation—it is not about us, but it is all about Him.

Bow The Knee To His Lordship
Philippians 2:9-11

  • The Humiliation of Jesus: To be exalted, Jesus had to be humbled and humiliated, so the “wherefore” in verse 9 takes us back to verses 6-8. We learn that Jesus was and is God (2:6). He was in glory with God. He is the Creator of the world. He decided He would leave glory and come “into the world to save sinners.” He came through a virgin birth. He is God in the flesh (2:7). He lived a sinless life. He chose to lay it down for us. He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities. He died on the Cross, shed His righteous blood (2:8) and was the propitiation for our sins and for the sins of the whole world. Finally, they placed Him in a tomb.
    John 1:1-3; 1:14; 10:18; 1 Timothy 1:15; Matthew 1:21; 27:60, 66; 19:4; Isaiah 53:5; 1 John 2:9
  • The Exaltation of Jesus: “Wherefore God hath…”—God saw the travail of His soul and His wrath was satisfied. God raised Jesus from the dead. All authority was given to Him. He ascended unto the right hand of God. He intercedes for us. He was given a name above all names: “LORD” (2:9-11). It means He is: GOD; the One in control; the King; the Sovereign Ruler; our Authority and Master. It is the name that represents the finished work of Jesus Christ. He died and rose again to be Lord.
    Isaiah 53:10-11; 1 Peter 1:21; Matthew 28:18; Ephesians 1:20-23; Acts 2:32-36; Hebrews 7:25-27; Romans 14:9
  • As an unbeliever, it is the name you confess your belief upon for salvation. The Bible says that if you will confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised Him from the dead, you shalt be saved. One day every tongue should confess in heaven, in earth, things under the earth—confess Him before it is to late.
    Romans 10:9-10, 13
  • As a believer, is the name we daily bow to humbling ourselves saying, “Not my will but thine be done.” If He is Lord then we can’t live our lives according to the way we want. Have you taken Him off the throne in your Christian walk? Whoever is Lord is in control. Why do we call Him Lord but don’t do the things which He says? Are you bowing the knee to Him as Lord? Are you still trying to run your own life? Isn’t He worthy of being Lord of your Life? (Illustration: The citizens of Rome would use the word “Lord” to show the “divinity” of Caesar. Christians would refuse to say the phrase “Caesar is Lord” and died claiming “Jesus is Lord.”)
    Luke 6:46

Bow The Knee To His Mandates

  • If we are bowing the knee to His Lordship, we must also be willing to bow the knee to His mandates: go, pray, give.
  • Go: Are we willing to go? The resurrected all-powerful Lord Jesus Christ commands us to go. We are to go to “all” nations, we are not to keep the gospel to ourselves, He died for all. “Going” consists of three things: (1) Teaching—sharing the gospel or soul wining; (2) Baptizing—a testimony to their conversion; (3) Teaching—discipleship and teaching “all things”—the Bible.
    Matthew 28:18-20
  • Pray: Are we willing to pray? Jesus was moved with compassion because of the multitude. Compassion results in action. A reaction just results in guilt. The situation: “The harvest truly is plenteous”—meaning there are plenty of lost people to be saved. The problem: “laborers are few”—meaning there aren’t enough people sharing the gospel message. The solution: “pray”—meaning we need to ask God for more laborers. Are we asking God for laborers? This is the prayer request of God. He will not command you to pray what He won’t answer. Ask God to make you a laborer. When you pray for laborers, pray: “God does that mean me? Do you want me to go?” Think about it: Do we pray more to keep people of out heaven (praying for sick believers) than we do to keep people out of hell (praying for God to send forth labourers into His harvest). Remember: Jesus is interceding for us—we don’t have to do this on our own.
    Matthew 9:36-38; Hebrews 7:25-27
  • Give: Are we willing to Give? Do you have a “willing mind” to give? God owns the world and all therein. Think about it: Where does your money come from? It comes from your job. What does your job take? It takes your time. What is your time?—It is your life. You are giving your life. By giving the money you earned you are giving God that much of your time or life—one of the most precious things we have. God loves a cheerful giver. He doesn’t want us to give grudgingly—“giving with resentment”; nor just of necessity —“the church or God needs it”. We need to purpose in our hearts what to give. We need to seek God to find out what to give. We also need to plan to give that so you can give cheerfully. (Illustration: You intend to give $20 a week to missions, but you didn’t plan for it. When you get to the church you have a $5 and $50, which do you give? If you give the $5, later you feel guilty that you gave $15 less than you intended. If you give the $50, later there will be resentment that you gave so much and are short on money. Our intention needs to me paired with active planning and action so we can give cheerfully.) The blessing of giving: The more you give the more you receive.
    Deuteronomy 10:14; 2 Corinthians 8:11-12; 9:6-9; Luke 6:38

Bow The Knee To His Glory
Philippians 2:11

  • If we are bowing the knee to His Lordship and mandates, what is our motivation for serving Him? Why do we do what we do? Why go to the heathen people of the world? They hate God and love their sins and they deserve to go to hell. Answer: Before we were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God, we were in the exact same condition. Just like Jesus endured the agonies of the cross for us, He also died for them. Doesn’t He deserve those for whom He died? (Illustration: “May the Lamb that was slain receive the reward of His suffering.”—The Call of the Moravian Mission) Why?—Because Jesus is worth it. This is our ultimate motivation. It is the reason we were created. Bowing the knee to His glory means you have to give up your glory. It’s not about you—it is about Him. It is all about His glory.
    Romans 1-3; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; 1 Corinthians 10:31; Revelation 4:11
  • The world is dying without Christ. Will we obey Him as LORD of our lives and be willing to obey His mandates with the proper motivation, that it is not about us, but it is all about Him. Are you willing to bow the knee? Are you willing to bow the knee to His Lordship, mandates, and glory? Make a decisions today to trust in Jesus and follow and serve Him.

Review Questions

  • What is the humiliation and exaltation of Jesus?
  • What does the name “Lord” mean to an unbeliever and believer?
  • What are the three mandates?
  • What is should be our motivation?
  • Are you bowing the knee to His Lordship, mandates, and glory?

Missions: How Do We Live For Missions?

We live for missions by: living to be a servant for the kingdom of God—using our momentary lives to answer God’s call to salvation, discipleship, and to be a witness; living to be a catalyst for the nations—going to stand between the dead and the living and with a burden for the world interceding for them by prayer; living to be a missionary for the salvation of mankind—we purpose our lives to be “on mission” and are desirous to go.

Live To Be A Servant For The Kingdom Of God

  • The Uncertainty of Life: one life—once chance; life is short—very short. Our lives are like a vapor that appears for a little time and then vanishes away. Therefore, we only have this life to faithfully use and invest our time, treasure, and talent into the kingdom of God. We need the Lord to make us know our end, to know the measure of our days, to know how frail and fleeting our lives are. The length of our days is out of our control—we can only choose what we are going to do today.
    James 4:14; Psalms 39:4-5
  • We only have one momentary life to believe in Jesus. Thus, awake—all who are sleeping, all who are dead in their trespasses and sins, all who are living according to the lusts of their flesh and fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind. Wake up and understand the incredible opportunity that God is offering to you—to raise you from the dead. God is rich in mercy, He loves us with His great love and He is offering to make us alive together with Jesus by grace. Jesus is the light to show us the way to God. God is willing to forgive all our trespasses. He will blot out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us. He nailed all our sin to the cross and triumphs through His resurrection. Repent and but your faith in Jesus alone for salvation.
    Ephesians 2:1-10; 5:13-14; Colossians 2:13-15
  • We only have one momentary life to live for Jesus. Thus, we are to pay attention to the away that we live. We have been redeemed and we live for God now. We are disciples of Jesus and our behavior should be in line with that. Let us cast off our foolish and unwise ways and live as those who know and understand what the will of Jesus is. Jesus calls His disciples to follow Him and commands them to make disciples of all nations. Therefore, let us redeem the time—meaning let us make the best use of the time that we have to live for God. Jesus gave Himself to be a ransom for all. God our Saviour desires all people to be saved and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.
    Ephesians 5:15-17; 1 Timothy 2:3-4; Matthew 4:19-22; 6:33-34; 28:16-20; 1 Peter 1:17; 1 Corinthians 9:24-27
  • We only have one momentary life to be a witness of Jesus. When Jesus was on earth he had one life (while it is day) to serve God and be the light of the world. When His work was completed He called His disciples to be the light of the world—meaning that all followers of Jesus are to be His witness in the world. Every believer should be involved trying to reach every person. We need all believers to reach all nations.
    John 9:5; 20:21-23; Acts 1:8; Matthew 5:14-16

Live To Be A Catalyst For The Nations

  • Go stand between the dead and the living—will we live for ourselves or will be like Aaron who took a censer with fire from the altar, ran into the midst of the congregation, put on incense, and made an atonement for the people so that the plague was stayed. He stood between the dead and the living—those who already died from the plague and those who were about to be affected by it. In a similar manner, we have been called to do the same thing. We are to take the gospel of Jesus, run into the midst of the people of the world, declare that Jesus has already died to make atonement for the people and He has resurrected from the dead—by faith in Him the plague of sin can be held back, you don’t have to perish into eternal damnation like so many before you who have already died in their sins. You have the opportunity to choose life. We stand between life and death with the gospel. All around the world they are dying and being eternally separated from God by the plague of sin and they need someone to run in their midst with the gospel to stop the plague from claiming more lives.
    Numbers 16:46-48
  • Go to a creative access country. They might not welcome missionaries but we have an Old Testament example of God telling His prophet to go into a land with a hostile government. He gave him a specific duty to do (sacrifice) for his protection against the government (undercover) in order to carry out his ultimate mission (anointing).
    1 Samuel 16:2-3
  • Go where they forbid the gospel to be preached. Human government shouldn’t make laws that precede God’s commands. They will create such laws and enforce them but the believer’s first and foremost authority is God and obedience to His commands. This should precede all human laws which would mean these laws are invalid. So the choice is left to the believer whether to obey God and suffer persecution because of it.
    Acts 5:27-29
  • Go even if they will persecute you or reject the gospel. The gospel was first preached to the Jews, but many rejected and the focus was turned to the gentiles—(any person from any people group that wasn’t Jewish). Jesus just told the disciples that they are going to be in a hostile environment (sheep among wolves). Thus, persecution and rejection was to be expected. They were to follow the principle of being “wise as serpents and harmless as doves”—meaning they are aware and judging the situation, wisely knowing when it is time to flee or move on to the next city; they enter hostile environments without being hostile; but they always unceasingly preach the gospel.
    Matthew 10:16-23; Acts 13:46-52; 14:19-22; 18:6-11; 20:26; Romans 1:13-16
  • Pray to God for the people of the world to be saved—Paul had such a great heaviness and continual sorrow in his heart that he wished that he was accursed from Christ so that the Jews could be saved. His heart’s desire and prayer to God was that they might be saved. There are people groups around the world that are just like the Jews that Paul was praying for—they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. They are ignorant of God’s righteousness and seeking to establish their own righteousness. Let’s have a burden for the people of the world who don’t know God and make it a matter of prayer.
    Romans 9:1-3; 10:1-3; Matthew 9:36-38

Live To Be A Missionary For The Salvation Of All Mankind

  • A missionary is one who lives “on mission” and our mission is that all mankind may be saved. Paul exemplified this by not seeking his own profit, but the profit of many—he made himself all things to all men, that he might by all means save some. His desire was to limit his freedom and not offend people with the things that are indifferent to scripture in order to convert people of any group to faith in Jesus. We are to join with Paul in doing this all for the gospel’s sake, that we may share with them in its blessings.
    1 Corinthians 4:14-17; 7:29-31; 9:19-23; 10:31-11:1
  • The majority of the world’s population lives outside of your country, thus we need men to surrender to be foreign missionaries. We need men who like Isaiah, when he heard the voice of the Lord calling to send someone forth that he through a humble heart volunteered to go. He was sent to go and tell a certain people a message on the behalf of God. Who will go and tell the people of the world the message of God’s love on the behalf of Jesus. In one aspect it is God who calls and qualifies a man for service and on the other hand it is us volunteering our lives to take part in His mission. Who will go?
    Isaiah 6:8-9

Review Questions

  • We only have one momentary life to do what?
  • What does it mean to go stand between the dead and the living?
  • Should closed countries, human laws, persecution, or rejection keep us from going?
  • What should one of our prayer request be that can be used as a catalyst?
  • Will you live to be a missionary for the salvation of all mankind?

Missions: What Is The Ambition Of Missions?

The ambition of missions is a tension between our zeal for the evangelization of the unreached and our devotion for the edification of the saints. We cannot abandon one for the other, but we are to passionately advance forward in both aspects as one mission.

A Zeal For The Evangelization Of The Unreached

  • Paul’s Aspiration: Paul had a predominant aspiration, desire, ambition, or passion to preach the gospel where Jesus was “not named”—places where the majority of the people had never been told or heard about Jesus. Paul was not asking where is the gospel essential—for it is essential everywhere, but he is asking where is the gospel pressing because they don’t have access to it. We can draw several applications from Paul’s aspiration:
    Romans 15:18-25; Acts 26:13-21
  • Paul’s desire was rooted in the Bible—both the Old and New Testament. Paul’s calling to salvation, discipleship, and ministry are all recorded in the New Testament, but he quotes the Old Testament for his passion to reach the unreached. We know that from the beginning God promised to save “whosoever will” through sending Jesus as the Saviour of the World and in the end He will accomplish His mission by saving people from every kindred, tongue, people and nation. The Bible should be the source of our aspirations—especially to be on mission to save sinful mankind for God’s glory.
    Romans 15:21; Acts 26:22-23; Isaiah 52:15
  • Paul comprehends the problem and the solution. We are to reach the people of the world who had never heard of Jesus before because they are condemned already and without excuse. The only hope for any person to be reconciled to God is through believing in Jesus and confessing His name. God’s love for the people of the world and their “inescapable condemnation through their own means” should compel us to unashamedly preach the gospel of Christ. Paul was convinced that the gospel of Jesus is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believes. Do you comprehend man’s hopeless condition, impending judgment, and eternal damnation?  Are you convinced the gospel is man’s only hope?
    Romans 1:16-23; John 3:18
  • Paul sacrificed his relationships. Paul wanted to be at Rome, but instead he was spending his time away from them so that the people from Jerusalem and round about unto Illyricum could receive the gospel of Jesus. He longed to go see them for many years, but he never did because of his aspiration to see the unreached evangelized. Are we willing to sacrifice time that we want to spend with people that we hold dear to us for the sake of the gospel?—No doubt this is a sacrifice that must be made for everyone who “goes to the nations”.
    Romans 15:22
  • Paul’s ministered by word and deed. Paul knew that he had to declare the good news of Jesus. He knew he had to clearly articulate the gospel so that they could understand. He also knew those words had to be matched with his actions. His lifestyle had to match the message he proclaimed. For Paul, this also included mighty signs and wonders—(note: this was never to be a part of normal life in the lives of God’s people, but God used them at special times, such as this). Paul could only live this kind of life by the power of the Holy Spirit of God. Today, we need men and women who live Holy Spirit-filled lives to reach the lost through their words and deeds.
    Romans 15:18-19
  • Paul works hard but God gives the increase. We are labourers together with God. Paul was pioneering the gospel in new regions that didn’t know Jesus’ name and he accomplished that mission, thus his pioneering work was no longer needed there. He evangelized the heathen in those areas and planted churches that would carry forth the responsibility to do the work of evangelism in their local areas. Thus, he didn’t reach every person himself, but he left a church to witness in every area that he was. This exemplifies that not everyone will have the same roles in fulfilling the great commission. We need people who like Paul will pioneer the gospel in places where they don’t know Jesus’ name. We need churches started in those areas and pastors trained to continue the work of evangelism in their local area and beyond. We have to work together, some planting, some watering, and God giving all the increase.
    Romans 15:18-19; 23-24; 2 Timothy 4:5; 1 Corinthians 3:2-9
  • Paul’s Invitation: Paul encouraged others to follow his example as he followed Jesus. Jesus came as the Saviour of the people of the world. Do we have a passion to see the unreached evangelized? Do you have a passion that those who have never been told or heard will see and understand? The church was to follow Paul, thus all believers should have a principal passion to make Jesus known where He is not known.
    Philippians 3:17-21; 1 Corinthians 11:1; 4:16; 1 Thessalonians 1:6; 1 John 4:14
  • Our Shame: Some people still do not have the knowledge of God and this is our shame. God is not willing that any should perish but that all come to repentance. Will we obey the great commission and make disciples of all nations? How many people have heard the gospel at least once where you live? Who will go? Who will send? It is our responsibility.
    1 Corinthians 15:34; 2 Peter 3:9

A Devotion For The Edification Of The Saints

  • Paul was driven by his desire to reach the unreached but he also laboured to present every man perfect in Christ Jesus. This would be accomplished through establishing local churches—groups of believers who consistently meet together obeying what the Bible has taught about the purpose and work of a church. Paul strived for these churches to be healthy (teach the Bible correctly and obey it; to have proper leadership; practices church discipline when necessary; to be unified; to do things decently and in order; to understand and exercises spiritual gifts properly) so that they could produce active and healthy members that become more like Jesus with each passing day. Thus, our zeal for reaching the unreached cannot be separated from our devotion for the edification of the saints—for the very nature of making disciples and teaching them all that Christ taught implies and requires the formation and continuation of active, healthy local churches.
    Colossians 1:28-29; Ephesians 3:9; 4:12-16
  • Paul was concerned with continual instruction—meaning that even after a church had been establish and the disciples are trained he still provided avenues to edify the believers. This is exemplified by him when he would: (1) return to some of the churches he started to help them; (2) send his disciples to give them assistance; (3) write much needed letters to them when necessary.
    Acts 18:18-23; 2 Corinthians 8:16-18; Examples of letters: Romans 1:1-7; 1 Timothy 1:1-2; Titus 1:1-4

Review Questions

  • What was Paul’s aspiration?
  • Paul’s aspiration was rooted in what?
  • What is our shame?
  • What is the tension between evangelization and edification?
  • Why was Paul concerned with continual instruction?

Missions: What Is Going And Sending In Missions?

Going and sending represent the partnership between a church and a missionary. Every believer has a part to fulfill in missions, whether it is a missionary who leaves his local church to carry the gospel to a foreign land or a member of a local church who actively participates in sending forth missionaries. We are to be faithful to our calling.

Distinguishing Senders And Goers

  • The church effectively and solely inherited the responsibility of the great commission. This is the task of the church to be continuously making disciples of all nations until Jesus’ return. This is to be carried out by going to the nations of the world preaching the gospel, baptizing new converts in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and teaching the Word of God to edify the believers. Thus, every believer should be concerned about all the people of the world hearing the gospel and be involved in this world-wide venture so that all the earth may hear, believe, and call upon the name of Jesus to be saved.
    Matthew 28:18-20; Mark 16:15-18; Luke 24:46-49; John 20:19-23; Acts 1:8
  • The Bible is clear that anyone who calls upon the name of the Lord will be saved. How will they call on Him if they have not believed? How will they believe if they have never heard of Jesus? How can they hear if there is no preacher, and how can they preach unless they are sent? Therefore, there are two main types of callings when referring to missions: goers and senders. In general, all believers have the responsibility to go preach the gospel and send around the world those willing to witness of Jesus, but specifically we have different roles and lifestyles. Goers and senders represent two different lifestyles but the one and the same mission. They are interconnected and dependent on each other.
    Romans 10:13-15
  • Goers (itinerant): A “goer” is a missionary who leaves his local church and goes forth to be a witness among the heathen of the world. This means that certain believers will be called to forsake their traditional occupation, neighborhood, and family to take the gospel to another land. This often requires the financial backing of the church.
  • Senders (settled): A “sender” is a member of a local church who actively participates in sending forth missionaries to be witnesses among the heathen of the world. They aren’t called to forsake their traditional occupation, neighborhood, and family to take the gospel to another land, but instead to work hard and honestly to provide for their families and use their money, possessions, time and talents to further the mission. Every believer should be involved in sending missionaries to other lands that they themselves cannot go to and choose to strategically live their lives so that you are not only shining a light at home but around the world.

Missionary Partnerships: Fellowship In The Gospel

  • Paul thanked God in prayer because of the church at Philippi’s ongoing “fellowship in the gospel”. This church purposefully partnered with Paul. Paul had more than one partnership like this. He was in partnership with local churches. The partnership had several factors that serve as a good example for us today: (1) Relational—they had a deep concern for and relationship with Paul. This is genuine care, interest and involvement in each others lives. (2) Refreshing—the partnership was a joy, one that greatly encouraged Paul and he enjoyed when He could be with them. (3) Financial—they even took it upon themselves to financially support and help Paul. Paul even looked forward to their help as it enable him to serve others. (4) Prayerful—they knew what was going on with each other and often prayed for each other. (5) Service—they would serve each other and partake of the same things, including: evangelism, encouragement during times of imprisonment, or sending co-labourers to help serve.
    Philippians 1:3-8, 14; 2:25; 4:14-20; Romans 15:24; 30-33; Ephesians 6:18-20; Colossians 4:24; 2 Corinthians 11:8

The Financial Support Of The Mission

  • Believers are stewards and pilgrims. As stewards, we recognize that God is the sovereign owner of everything, including all of our earthy money and possessions—and we are to faithfully manage that which He has put into our care. As pilgrims, we recognize that our citizenship is in heaven—God’s kingdom is where our loyalties lie. Therefore, this world is not our home but we are just passing through. But while we are journeying through this world desiring a better country, we are on mission to reach the people of the world with the gospel of Jesus—that “whosoever will” might be saved.
    Deuteronomy 8:18; 1 Samuel 2:7; John 18:36; Hebrews 11:13-16; Philippians 3:17-21
  • Believers are to work and give. The biblical method to obtain money is work. God has designed mankind to work in order to provide a living for themselves and their families. But also we obtain money and gain treasure on earth to invest in heaven. As believers, we are not to lay up for ourselves treasures upon earth because they have no lasting value (moth and rust doth corrupt; thieves break in and steal). Instead, we are to lay up for ourselves treasures in heaven because they have lasting value (neither moth nor rust doth corrupt; thieves do not break in nor steal). Therefore, true wealth is found not in our treasure (money and possessions) here on earth but in treasure in heaven (rewards from God). God has an unlimited number of treasure to give to those who invest in heaven through using their wealth (money and possessions) to serve God and others.
    Matthew 6:19-20; Luke 12:33; Mark 10:21; 1 Timothy 5:8; 2 Thessalonians 3:6-15
  • Believers are to give to missions. Full-time ministers of the gospel should earn their living (or have the right to be financially supported) by this “gospel-work” alone. This can be accomplished through local churches supporting missionaries. This is also one of the ways all believers can be involved in missions. The New Testament paradigm for giving, generous grace giving, applies for this type of giving. Its principles are as follows: complementary—a balance between the spiritual and material workings within the church; proportional—the amount given is “within” and sacrificially “beyond” our financial ability; regular—a pattern to follow so that we can excel in our giving; cheerful—a joy because it is a privilege and not an obligation; honest—the process of dealing with money that is given through the church and/or to missionaries needs to be done in a way that is accountable so there would be no reason for criticism.
    2 Corinthians 8:1-3; 8-24; 9:1-15; 1 Corinthians 9:14; 16:2-4
  • Believers are blessed by giving to missions. There are two main blessings we can partake in from giving to missions: (1) for with the measure we give, in the same way it will be measured back to us again or we will reap what we sow—meaning that God will supply all our needs as we are obedient to Him; (2) fruit will abound to our accounts—meaning as we use our money and possessions to support God’s work in this world we are laying up for ourselves treasure in heaven. For example, if you support a missionary and someone gets saved through his ministry, then you partake in that fruit too.
    Proverbs 19:17; Luke 6:38; 2 Corinthians 9:6; Philippians 4:17-19; Matthew 6:19-21
  • Believers make missions giving a priority because the mission is a priority. We see the need of the world to receive the gospel. We willingly desire to take part. We wisely make giving a financial priority. We strategically plan with our local church so we can do more together. We work hard and give as God prospers us—first taking a portion of our money and giving it or laying it aside so that it can be given when needed. We continue to faithfully give and support the work of missionaries who go on our behalf.
    1 Corinthians 9:7; 16:2; 1 Timothy 5:18; 2 Timothy 2:1-7

Review Questions

  • Whose responsibility is the great commission?
  • What is a goer?
  • What is a sender?
  • What does a missionary partnership look like?
  • How do we financially support the mission?

Missions: What Is The Authority Of Missions?

The authority of missions is rooted in the God of the Bible and thus in the Bible itself. We go forth knowing “thus saith the Lord”. God sent Jesus, Jesus sent the apostles and thus the church. The church in Jesus’ authority continues the mission in the world until He returns.

The Authority Of Missions Is The Bible Of The Mission

  • The Authority of the Bible: The Bible is sufficient for us to know God’s will and it is the only way for us to be certain about God’s will. The words of the Bible are the words of God and there is no greater authority than God Himself. Since all the words of the Bible are the words of God, a believer who does not obey the Bible is saying that he does not want to obey God; but to obey the Bible is to obey God. Therefore, there are no dreams, visions, offices or positions of ministry, or anything else that has higher authority than the Bible.
    2 Timothy 3:16; 1 Corinthians 14:37
  • The Authority of the Bible and the “Apostles of Christ”: The apostles of Christ were uniquely sent out by Jesus to lay the foundation of the church among the peoples of the world and to be witnesses of Jesus. They spoke with the authority of God and had direct revelation from God as the New Testament was not written yet. But even they were held accountable to the Old Testament—what they proclaimed was examined against the Scriptures that were already revealed to see whether or not they were truly proclaiming the word of God. The completion of the Bible and the cessation of the office of the apostles of Christ means the ultimate and final authority is the Bible itself. Therefore, the authenticity of anyone who participates in missions and their right to be an ambassador for Christ is only legitimate and authoritative if it is in submission to God’s revealed will in the Bible.
    Acts 17:10-11; Galatians 1:8-9

The Exercise Of Authority To Go And Send Forth

  • In Jesus’ Power: After Jesus died and rose from the dead, He appeared to the disciples and told them that all power was given to Him. Jesus was claiming absolute, sovereign authority which would be the basis for the command that He would give them. Therefore, it is in the name of Jesus alone that the apostles and all believers fulfill the great commission. As they fulfilled this command, Jesus told His disciples that He would be with them always. We not only obey this command in the name of Jesus but He also goes with us. We do not go on our own, but we know that He is with us. Therefore, the One who has all authority in heaven and earth sends us forth, and He also has promised to be with us through the entire process until the end of the world.
    Matthew 28:18-20; John 20:19-23
  • In Jesus’ Name: Two of the apostles of Christ, Peter and John, went up together into the temple. Peter healed a man lame from his mother’s womb in the name of Jesus Christ. All the people saw him walking and praising God. Then the healed man held them and they took this opportunity to teach all the people and they preached through Jesus the resurrection from the dead—that even though the “men of Israel” had killed Jesus, God raised Him from the dead, thus they were to repent and be converted. The Jewish leaders (the priests, the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees) seized Peter and John and asked them a very important question: “By what power, or by what name, have ye done this?”—They wanted to know what kind of supernatural power they had or by what name or authority they had to heal this man. Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, told them very clearly that His authority was “by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth” and He continued to tell them that “neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.”
    Acts 3:11, 25; 4:1-12
  • Ordination: As the mission was being carried out, we find the following: the apostles ordained men for ministry; Paul (an apostle of Christ) and Barnabas (a missionary) were ordained by the church that was at Antioch; Paul and Barnabas ordained elders in all the churches in Lystra, Iconium, and Antioch; Timothy was ordained by the presbytery (church leadership). Ordination and its symbol of “the laying on of the hands” to express the exercising authority for approving of men for ministry and delegation authority to them is a pattern that can be carefully and humbly applied to the advancement of missions.
    Acts 6:2-7; 13:3; 14:21-23; 1 Timothy 4:14; 5:22; 2 Timothy 1:6
  • The Authority Continuum: the church and its mission started with Jesus who was sent by God. When His work was completed, the church and its mission continued with the apostles who was sent by Jesus. When their work was completed through the establishment of the church and the completion of the word of God, the mission continued with the church—the church effectively and solely inherited the responsibility of the great commission. Thus, with its inherited authority and pattern of the New Testament the local church has the right to exercise authority to ordain missionaries and send them out. Thus, the missionaries go forth in this authority and extends that authority when he and the newly formed church ordains the new local church leadership.
    Ephesians 2:19-22; John 9:5; 20:21-23; Matthew 5:14-16
  • Ordination’s Purpose: This seems to have three main functions: (1) The Bible places the emphasis on the New Testament church and that God carries out its mission collectively and not individually. (2) The church and its leadership recognize the spiritual gifts and qualifications on a man’s life for ministry. This includes those who seek to go out from the church as missionaries to serve in a foreign land. (3) The one who receives the “laying on of the hands” is establishing his personal call to ministry through the confirmation of other believers in the church who speak well of him concerning his ministry abilities and lifestyle. Therefore, concerning missions, this is the church collectively approving of a man to be sent forth as a missionary on its behalf.

The Application Of The Authority Of Missions

  • Each local church has the right and responsibility to participate in missions—for this is the reason they exists. They can confidently and boldly fulfill their purpose. They should be actively going forth in their local area and at the same time reaching beyond to the people of the world by sending forth qualified men in obedience to the great commission. This should also created a healthy partnership between missionaries and churches
    Acts 13:49; 19:10, 20; Philippians 1:5-7
  • Every believer has the right and responsibility to participate in missions through proclaiming that Jesus is the one and only way for a person to be saved. We can confidently and boldly proclaim to any people group, any nation, any religious group or minority that their gods and idols are all vanity. It is imperative that we preach to mankind that God commands them to turn from their vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, earth, the sea, and all things that are therein.
    John 14:6; Isaiah 44:9-19; Acts 14:8-18; 19:26; Psalm 96:4; 1 Chronicles 16:25

Review Questions

  • What is the authority of the Bible?
  • We go forth in the Name of who?
  • How does the church choose men for ministry? What is its symbol?
  • What are the three main functions of the above method?
  • What is the application of the authority of missions?

Missions: Who Should Participate In Missions?

It is the privileged obligation of every believer to participate in missions. The church is to continue the responsibility to be actively making disciples of all nations. We have been entrusted with the ministry and word of reconciliation. We are ambassadors for Christ. Some will be “sent out” from the church to preach the gospel of peace so that all the earth can hear, believe, and call upon the name of the Lord to be saved.

The Privileged Obligation Of Every Believer

  • The continuity of the mission—the church was built upon: (1) “Jesus Christ Himself being the chief corner stone”—representing the first stone put in place to make sure the foundation is laid right. (2) “the foundation of the apostles and prophets”—men chosen to have a special office of authority. Therefore, the  church and its mission started with Jesus who was sent by God to be “the light of the world”. When His work was completed through His miracles, teaching, death, resurrection and His final ascension to heaven, the church and its mission continued with the apostles who was sent by Jesus to be “the light of the world”. When their work was completed through the establishment of local churches and the completion of the word of God, the mission continued with the church to be “the light of the world”—the church effectively and solely inherited the responsibility of the great commission—to be God’s witness in the world.
    Ephesians 2:19-22; John 9:5; 20:21-23; Matthew 5:14-16
  • The entrustment of the mission—as believers, the love of Jesus constrains us—meaning that it urges or motivates us to action. It means that we should no longer live for ourselves but live for Jesus who died for us and rose again. The gospel should radically change our lives. In Jesus, we are made new creatures by God. This means that our old way of life has passed away and we live life in a new way. Part of this new life is being entrusted with the message of the mission that changed our lives.
    2 Corinthians 5:14-18; Galatians 2:20
  • The ministry and word of reconciliation: God was in Christ, reconciling the people of the world to Himself, not imputing their trespasses to them. Reconciliation means the act of restoring our relationship with God. God has done all the work necessary through Jesus to reconcile mankind to Himself. God sent Jesus to suffer the penalty of His enemies so that they could be made His friends. Everyone who is in Christ has been declared righteous (justified) and has his relationship restored with his Creator (reconciled). This restored relationship gives us great joy. As believers—those who have been reconciled, we have been given (privilege) by God “the ministry of reconciliation” and He has committed (obligation) to us “the word of reconciliation”. Thus, it is the responsibility of every believer to proclaim the gospel to the people of the world.
    2 Corinthians 5:18-19; Romans 5:8-11
  • Ambassadors for Christ: We are given authority by God to represent Jesus in this world. God makes His appeals to the world through us. We are to implore the people of the world on the behalf of Christ to be reconciled to God. We are to declare to the people of the world that God made Jesus to be sins for us—even though Jesus knew no sin—so that we might be made the righteousness of God in Jesus. This means the main occupation of ours lives is to make disciples—teaching others who Jesus is, how to know Him, and how to serve Him.
    2 Corinthians 5:20-21

The Distinguished Calling Of A Missionary

  • Church Authority—sending forth: Now that the church has been entrusted with and bears the responsibility of the great commission (every member should be involved), it is thus the sending agency that God works through to send chosen men (evangelist, preachers, missionaries) to preach the gospel of peace so that all the earth can hear, believe, and call upon the name of the Lord to be saved.
    Romans 10:13-17; Acts15:22; 2 Timothy 4:5
  • The succession of the apostle function: Apostle means “sent one”—one who is sent forth with a specific mission to accomplish under the authority of the sender. Jesus was the “Apostle”—chosen and sent forth by God on a mission that the people of the world through Him might be saved. This was a unique calling in that He was the propitiation for our sins. The twelve disciples and Paul were called “apostles”—chosen and sent forth by Jesus to carry forth His mission. This was a unique calling in that they were to testify as eyewitnesses of Jesus. Today, the church sends forth “apostles” or messengers—those that preach the gospel of peace to all the earth. This was a unique calling in that they are to do the work of an evangelist and/or teacher.
    Hebrews 3:1; Luke 6:13; John 3:17; 17:18-21; Romans 1:1-7; Acts 1:1-8
  • Distinguishing the office and the gift: There were two main types of “apostles” in the New Testament. The twelve disciples and Paul were “apostles of Christ”. They were confirmed through being eyewitnesses of and chosen by Jesus, as well as, performing miraculous signs. This was a special “office of authority” that only these men had. The other type of apostles were “messengers of the churches”. They did not have the “office of authority” like the other apostles but they were their successors and were labeled as apostles for being “sent out” of the church as evangelists and teachers.
    1 Corinthians 4:6, 9; 2 Corinthians 8:23; 11:13; Philippians 2:25; 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 2:6; Acts 13:1-3; 14:4, 14
  • Missionary Calling—going forth: There are three kinds of missionaries the church should look for to send forth: (1) “Evangelists”—those who are sent by the church to preach to unbelievers among the heathen of the world with the message of Jesus. (2) “Teachers”—those who are sent to teach the new believers with the word of God; establish new local churches among them; train adequate church leadership. (4) “Evangelists/Teachers”—those who are gifted and able to fulfill all or a combination of these functions.
    Ephesians 4:11; Acts 8:5; 21:8; 1 Thessalonians 3:2-3; 1 Corinthians 3:5-9; 2 Timothy 2:2; 4:5
  • Chosen men are given the “gift of evangelist/teacher/pastor“ which is often referred to as Jesus “calling” that man to be a full-time vocational missionary. The call of a missionary then is not God orally telling you what to do, but it is acknowledging and submitting to the gifts that He has enabled you with.
    Ephesians 2:10; 4:7-8, 11; 1 Peter 2:9; 1 Corinthians 12:11
  • Thus, certain men will have an inclination to give their life to God for full-time missionary service. But how can they know for sure? They can recognize “the call” through the following steps: Desire—Is there an inner compulsion that is leading you to consider being a missionary? Ability—Do you have leadership skills, the ability to communicate the gospel, and a compassionate heart to reach the lost around the world? Lifestyle—Do you meet the qualifications and are you living a life that other believers can follow in regard to character, marriage, family, conduct and ability? Confirmation—Do other believers in the church speak well of you concerning your ministry abilities and lifestyle?
    Philippians 2:13; 1 Timothy 3:1-7; Titus 1:6-9; 1 Peter 1:15-16; Acts 16:1-2

Review Questions

  • What is the continuity of the mission?
  • Who is the mission entrusted to?
  • What was given the ministry and word of reconciliation as ambassadors for Christ?
  • What is church’s function to send forth?
  • What is a missionary calling?

Missions: Why Should We Care About Missions?

We should care about missions because Jesus died and rose again that the people of the world might be redeemed to God and glorify Him for His mercy. The Holy Spirit is actively working in the world today through the church to bring this about. This compassion for a redeeming mission to the people of the world is clearly seen in the being, character, and actions of the Trinity and culminates in obedience to the great commission.

The Glory Of God Is Our Catalyst

  • Man was created for God’s glory. Everything God created was for His glory. The heavens declare His glory and we also reflect His glory. God is our Creator, the One who gave us life, so He is worthy of our glory, honor and obedience. God did not create us because He needed someone to glorify Him or because He was lonely, but because He wanted to share the joy of His glory with us. Because God is 100% good, we can have a joyful and loving relationship with Him—which is the chief end of man.
    Psalm 19:1; 16:11; Isaiah 43:7; Revelation 4:11
  • God magnified His glory to redeem us. Because of Adam’s original sin, all of mankind was born sinful. Therefore, God sent Jesus to pay the price for the sins of mankind and offers us the gift of restoration. Because of Jesus we can be restored to our original purpose of bringing God glory. Therefore, believers desire to serve, worship, and obey Him. Because of the grace that God has shown toward us through sending His Son Jesus, all of mankind should repent, believe in Jesus, and start glorifying God to experience the true joy that is in Him.
    1 Corinthians 15:21-22; Romans 5:12-19; 12:1-2; 15:13; John 3:16; 4:23-24; 1 John 5:3; 2 Peter 3:9
  • Thus, the ultimate motivation for missions is the glory of God. God is passionate about His own glory because He is 100% good and the glorification of His glory means everything is being made right. It means that mankind can enjoy for all eternity the ultimate pleasure that can be offered—to worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness. God is saving people by grace so that no one may boast but that the Lord of hosts will be for “a crown of glory” and for “a diadem of beauty” for them—to the praise of the glory of His grace.
    Romans 1:5; 11:33-36; Isaiah 28:5; Ephesians 1:3-6; 2:8-9; Ezekiel 20:9; Psalm 23:3; 25:11; 79:9; 96:9

The Work Of Jesus Christ Is Our Passion

  • Jesus came as a minister to the Jews for the truth of God in order to confirm the promises made unto the fathers (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob) that all the kindreds of the earth will be blessed—meaning, from the beginning, God was on mission to save “whosoever will” from their sin and its penalty of death or eternal separation from Him. Jesus came to fulfill the promise. He was the “Promised Man”. Through a virgin birth God became man in Jesus. He lived a sinless life. Mankind rejected and crucified Him. He was buried, but three days later He rose from the dead. He defeated sin, death and evil. He is the way, the truth, and the life and “whosoever will” can come unto God by faith in Jesus alone. God through Jesus is offering mercy not only to the Jews but also to the Gentiles—all for the glory of God. The whole of the Bible is focused towards these truths.
    Romans 4:13-25; 15:8-12; Acts 3:25-26; John 1:29; 3:16-17; 4:42; 6:33; 7:18; 8:12; 9:5; 12:32, 46; 14:6; 17:4

The Ministry Of The Holy Spirit Is Our Boldness

  • Jesus told His disciples that it was good for Him to leave them because He would send the Holy Spirit to come upon them so they would have power to be witnesses of Him unto all the world. The Holy Spirit would be their power for ministry. Today, every believer receives the Holy Spirit upon salvation—He dwells inside all believers all the time. He is still our power for ministry. He testifies of Jesus. His ministry is to point people to Jesus and direct worship to Him. He fills believers to boldly proclaim the gospel of Jesus as He convicts unbelievers of sin, righteousness and judgment. He causes unbelievers to repent and be born again. He is the one who washes, sanctifies and justifies in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. He is in the world and active today.
    John 3:4-8; 6:63; 15:26; 16:7-15; Luke 24:46-49; Acts 1:8; 4:8, 31; 9:17; 13:9; 1 Corinthians 2:4-5; 6:11; 12:3, 13

The Compassion Of The Trinity Is Our Motivation
Titus 3:4-7; Jude 20-21; 2 Corinthians 13:14

  • The character of God compels us to care about missions. God is love. He is a God full of compassion. He is gracious, longsuffering, slow to anger, plenteous in mercy and truth and of great kindness. He is the creator of mankind and the Bible states that He loves mankind. God’s love toward us is a sacrificial love. The love of God is greatly expressed through Jesus’ death on the cross for us. Jesus gave His life for us. When we were still enemies of God, Jesus died for us. God’s sacrificial love shows us His love is unmerited, unconditional, all-giving, and amazing. Thus, missions is an outflow of the very being and character of God—knowing God means to be “on mission”.
    Psalm 86:15; Lamentations 3:22-23; John 3:16; 1 John 4:7-21; Romans 5:8; 8:37-39; Jonah 3:10-4:2
  • The prayer request of Jesus drives us to our knees to care about missions. Jesus was moved with compassion because of the multitude. He was concerned about the misfortune of others—the eternal damnation of mankind for their sins against a Holy God. He knew He came as the Saviour of the people of the world and there were plenty of lost people to be saved, but there weren’t enough people sharing the gospel message, thus He told us to pray and ask God for more laborers. This is the prayer request of Jesus. He will not command you to pray what He won’t answer. Stop what you are doing and focus your attention on the world around you—mankind for whom Jesus has compassion; mankind for who Jesus died—for they are ready to harvest—allow our refocused attention to turn into prayer and action—going out to evangelize the lost and bringing in souls.
    Matthew 9:36-38; John 4:35; Luke 10:1-2
  • The Holy Spirit of adoption moves us to care about missions. The world is filled with “children of disobedience” or “children of wrath,” but through the compassionate work of the Holy Spirit, they can be given power to become the sons of God. If we believe in Jesus, we become sons of God—no longer enemies. God will adopt us and seal us with the Holy Spirit of promise—which signifies we are part of His family. He will love us like He loves Jesus. We will have a close relationship with God. We will get all the privileges of a son. We will receive abundant and eternal life. Thus, the experience and awareness of the Holy Spirits work of adoption causes us to set our minds on the things of the Holy Spirit and to walk according to the Holy Spirit—we engage in the same work through missions.
    Romans 8:5, 15-16, 23; Ephesians 1:3-14; 2:2-3; Galatians 4:4-6; 1 John 3:2; John 1:12
  • The great commission demands us to care about missions. This is the task of the church to be continuously making disciples of all nations until Jesus’ return. This is to be carried out by going to the nations of the world preaching the gospel, baptizing new converts in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and teaching the Word of God to edify the believers. Thus, our participation in missions is obedience to the triune God.
    Matthew 28:18-20; Mark 16:15-18; Luke 24:46-49; John 20:19-23; Acts 1:8

Review Questions

  • What is our catalyst?
  • What is our passion?
  • What is our boldness?
  • What is our motivation?
  • Do you care about missions? What are you doing in response?

Missions: To Whom Should Missions Take Us?

Missions should start in our home, extend to our neighbors, stretch to the other side of the world and everywhere in between. God’s love for mankind is universal. He sent Jesus to be the Saviour of the people of the world, and we are sent to preach the gospel to the world.

God’s Universal Love For Mankind

  • God hates sin. He will punish unrepentant sinners. The judgement of God is coming. His wrath abides on them. But why hasn’t it already come? Because God is longsuffering towards us-ward. He is not willing that “any” should perish, but that “all” should come to repentance. God is purposefully delaying His final judgment on mankind and enduring mankind’s continual wickedness because He intentionally desires that the “people of the world” would come to repentance and not perish. God is love. He loves sinners and it is His kindness that leads them to repentance. He has no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from their evil way and live.
    2 Peter 3:9; Romans 2:3-11; 1 John 4:8-9, 16; Ezekiel 33:10-11; 18:23
  • God shows His love for us in that while we were still sinners in rebellion against Him, He sent Jesus to die—to give Himself as a ransom for “all”. Jesus’ death on the cross was God’s ultimate expression of love towards mankind. Jesus became the propitiation—the appeasement of God’s wrath—for the sins of the “whole world”. Jesus, by the grace of God, tasted death for “every man”. God sent Jesus to be the Saviour of “the people of the world”. Whosoever will can confess that Jesus is the Son of God and be saved. In the sight of God our Saviour it is good and acceptable to pray for “all men” because He desires “all men” to be saved and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.
    Romans 5:6-11; 1 John 2:2; 4:14-16; 3:16; 1 Timothy 2:3-6; Hebrews 2:9; John 5:24

Jesus Came As The Savior Of Mankind

  • God loved the “people of the world” so much that He sent Jesus into the world so that “whosever will” could believe on Him and not perish, but have everlasting life. God’s purpose of sending Jesus was that the “people of the world” through Him might be saved. He was the Lamb of God or the sacrifice that God sent to die for the sins of mankind—meaning His sacrifice has the potential to take away the sins of the “people of the world” without any kind of distinction (nationality, ancestry, language, gender, etc.), but it is only applied to as many as receive Him—those who believe in His name.
    John 1:11-13; 29; 3:16-17
  • Jesus’ birth was announced by an angel who declared that Jesus—(who is the Savior, Christ the Lord)—would bring good tidings of great joy to “all people”. When Simeon saw Jesus as a child he declared that he was seeing the salvation of God which God had prepared before the face of “all people” including both the Gentiles and the people of Israel. John the Baptist declared that “all flesh” will see the salvation of God. The chief priest and Pharisees were afraid that “all men” would believe on Jesus, then a man named Caiaphas, being the high priest, prophesied to them that Jesus would not only die for their nation of Israel but also for those that were “scattered abroad”.
    Luke 2:10-14; 2:25-32; 3:3-6; 11:45-52
  • Jesus is the true light for “every man”. He is the complete light that has come into the world so that anyone could understand how to be redeemed to God. He draws “all men” unto Him by His crucifixion. All other “forms of light” lead to Jesus and whosoever believes in Him is saved from condemnation, but those who reject Him confirm their state of being condemned already. Thus, Jesus is the light of the “people of the world”. He came not to judge the world, but to save the “people of the world” that whosoever believes on Jesus should not abide in darkness.
    John 1:9; 3:18-21; 8:12; 9:5; 12:32, 46-50
  • Jesus is the Saviour of the “people of the world”. Jesus is the “true bread from heaven” given by God to give life unto the “people of the world”. Jesus prays for His disciples and all future believers to have the same unity that exists in the Trinity so that the “people of the world” may believe that Jesus was sent from God.
    John 4:42; 6:32-33; 12:47; 17:21
  • Jesus teaches His disciples that they are the “salt of the earth” and “the light of the world” thus they are to let their light so shine before “people,” that they may see their good works, and glorify their Father in heaven. When someone asked Jesus if there would only be few that will be saved, Jesus replied by saying that there would be people saved from the East, the West, the North and the South that will sit down in the kingdom of God—but there is an urgency because not all will be saved, only those who enter the narrow door. Jesus predicts the gospel would be preached throughout the “whole world”.
    Matthew 5:13-16; Luke 13:29; Mark 14:9

The Commission Sends Us To Mankind

  • The Great Commission is the task of the church to be continuously making disciples of the “people of the world” until Jesus’ return. It says to go: to “all nations”; to “all the world”; “among all nations”; and to “whose soever”. We can conclude that Jesus is sending us to make disciples of all people of every nation, country, people group—“whosoever will”. We have the responsibility to go preach the gospel and send around the world those willing to witness of Jesus. We are local and global ambassadors for Jesus—this is the purpose of the church on earth until Jesus returns.
    Matthew 28:18-20; Mark 16:15-18; Luke 24:46-49; John 20:19-23; Acts 1:8
  • “Nations” which is used twice in two of the great commission passages generally means a large group of people that are associated with each other based on language, culture, location or other various common factors. The use of this term in the great commission is to emphasize that Jesus is sending us to every single person—no matter their language, culture, location, etc. (This term was not used in the great commission to make ethno-linguistic lists of peoples based on arbitrary criteria so that we can focus on getting a small percentage of as many diverse kinds of peoples saved or to usher in Jesus’ return. This is often misleading and can cause us to focus on a small portion of people while ignoring a large portion of people.) The formula is simple: every person, every place.
  • Jesus taught His disciples that when the Holy Spirit would come that He would reprove the “people of the world” of sin, righteousness and judgment. Then after His resurrection He told them to wait and be baptized with the Holy Spirit—they would receive power after the Holy Spirit came upon them to be Jesus’ witnesses in Jerusalem (Acts 1-7), in all Judaea and Samaria (Acts 8-12), and unto the uttermost part of the earth (Acts 13-28). The rest of the New Testament records the living out of this commission by Holy Spirit filled believers reaching the people of the world with the gospel.
    John 16:8; Acts 1:1-8

Review Questions

  • Does God love mankind?
  • What did God do to express this?
  • Jesus came as the Saviour for who?
  • What does the Gospels teach us about Jesus?
  • Where does the commission send us?

Missions: What Is The Urgency Of Missions?

There is only one God (an exclusive Creator—Jehovah); one way to God (an exclusive Saviour—Jesus); one watchman (an exclusive messenger—the church); one world that needs to urgently hear the gospel message (an inclusive mission—“whosoever will”).

The Crisis Of Mankind

  • Man’s Hopeless Condition: Man sinned against God. He was separated from God. Sin, death, and evil was passed upon all people. Every human being is born a sinner. Therefore, every part of who we are (thoughts, actions, emotions, desires, motives, physical bodies, attitudes, etc.) is corrupted by sin. God sees all of our good as filthy rags. To God there is only good and bad, no middle ground. Mankind is so destroyed by sin that we can’t even seek after God, but He lives in a state without hope and without God in the world.
    Genesis 2:8, 17; 3:6; Romans 3:11-12; 5:12; 7:18; Jeremiah 17:9; Isaiah 64:6; Ephesians 2:12


  • Man’s Impending Judgement: God hates all sin and evil because He is good, righteous and just. The consequence of sin is death. One day, every single person will die because every single person has sinned. After you die physically, you will be judged for your sin by God. To be a righteous judge, He has to judge the sin of mankind. At the great white throne judgment God will bring every work into judgment, good and bad. Mankind will be righteously judged for their works and for rejecting Christ, then punished accordingly. All will be found guilty and must pay the price for their sin.
    Hebrews 9:27; Romans 2:8; 5:12; Exodus 34:7; Psalms 5:4-5; Proverbs 6:16-19; Genesis 18:25; Ecclesiastes 12:14; Revelation 20:12
  • Man’s Eternal Damnation: Those who die in their sins will be eternally separated from God. Those found guilty at the judgement (every person without Jesus) will be cast into the lake of fire for all eternity, which is called the second death. The Bible describes this as a place of eternal fire and torment.
    Matthew 25:41; Mark 9:48; Luke 16:28; Revelation 14:10-11; 20:14; 21:8
  • Man’s Urgent News: God through Jesus is offering “whosoever will” the following: real hope—a chance to be reconciled to Himself; the forgiveness of sins: past, present and future; an escape from hell and the lake of fire; the righteousness of Christ on your life—to give you all of Jesus’ goodness; entrance into His Kingdom where there is no more crying, no more death, no more mourning, and no more pain—to share in His eternal joy.
    Psalm 103:12; Romans 3:22; Galatians 2:16; Ephesians 2:11-22; 1 Thessalonians 5:9; Revelation 21:1-4;

The Exclusivity And Incomparability Of Jesus

  • Salvation is only through Jesus’ death and resurrection. The Bible is very clear that Jesus is the one and only way for any person to be saved. He is the only way for us to have our sins forgiven and to receive eternal life. There is no other god or person that can pay the price for our sins. Jesus is the way, the truth and the life. No person can come unto God but by Jesus. There is salvation in no one else, nor is there another name whereby we must be saved. Only faith in Jesus leads to salvation and everlasting life.
    John 3:36; 14:6-7; Mark 16:16; Acts 4:12; Romans 10:9-10
  • The superiority and exclusivity of Jesus as the one and only true way means that all other ways and religions are false. This in itself gives us an urgent mandate to declare the truth to the whole world who is being deceived from the truth, no matter if it is religion (Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism) or secular ideologies (atheism, scientism, relativism). They need the truth because they are living under a false pretense that will fail them. They may seem happy or content in their “own way of thinking” but it is just temporary deception because they have not come to know the One who gives life and gives it abundantly, nor have they suffered the wrath of an Almighty God.
    John 10:7-18

The Obligation Of Responsibility

  • The ready harvest: Jesus, the Saviour of the world, illustrated the urgency to reaching mankind with the gospel to His disciples by using an illustration of “sowing and harvesting”. He told this disciples: (1) lift up your eyes, and look on the fields—stop what they were doing and focus your attention on the world around you—on the mankind for whom Jesus has compassion; (2) they are ready to harvest—their refocused attention was to prompt them into action—going out to evangelize the lost and bring in souls; (3) the harvest is plenteous and great—there is a whole world ready to be evangelized. Sowing and reaping happen simultaneously through God’s servants who labourer together with God as God alone gives the increase. (4) the labourers are few—there aren’t enough of God’s people out in the world evangelizing the lost, thus we are to pray for God to send more laborers into His harvest that urgently needs gathering.
    John 4:35; Luke 10:1-2; Matthew 9:36-38; 1 Corinthians 3:5-9
  • The warning watchman: A watchman in the Bible was a person who had the responsibility to “keep watch” so that he could warn of any known danger. If he had knowledge of any danger or attack that was about to happen to those he was keeping watch over, but didn’t warn them, then his blood God would require at the watchman’s hand (to be chastened by God). On the contrary, if he did warn them and they heeded his warning then they would be delivered, but if they didn’t heed his warning then their blood would be upon their own heads. In the Old Testament, the prophets often served as the spiritual watchman unto the house of Israel concerning God’s judgement on them for sin. In the New Testament all believers are given a new privilege to become part of the royal priesthood of God who are called to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ and show forth the praises of the God who has called them out of darkness into His marvelous light and serve as the spiritual watchman of the world—warning everyman to flee the wrath to come.
    Ezekiel 3:17; 33:2-9; Jeremiah 6:17; Hosea 9:8; Colossians 1:28; Acts 20:31; 1 Peter 2:5, 9
  • The day of salvation: Now is the accepted time, now is the day of salvation. God is now working through Jesus to reconcile the world through Himself. He has given those who have already been reconciled to Him the “the ministry of reconciliation”—meaning we are ambassadors for Jesus and God makes His appeal to the world through us. Our responsibility is to implore the world on behalf of Jesus to be reconciled to God.
    2 Corinthians 6:1-2

Review Questions

  • What is man’s condition, judgement and damnation?
  • What is the urgent news man needs to hear?
  • Why does the exclusivity of Jesus mean our message is urgent?
  • When is the harvest ready? When is the day of salvation?
  • Are you actively being a warning watchman?

Missions: What Should Define Missions?

Missions is defined by reaching unbelievers with the gospel of Jesus and teaching believers the word of God. Thus, the work of missions can narrowly be defined by “reaching and teaching” that results in the church actively making disciples of all nations.

Defining The Mission

  • God is on mission to save “whosoever will” through faith in Jesus—the Saviour of the World. He desires people to be saved from every kindred, tongue, people and nation. He has chosen to fulfill this through commanding the church to make disciples of all nations. A disciple of Jesus is one who believes in Jesus as Lord and Savior. He willingly follows Jesus and desires to obey all that Jesus taught—to the glory of God. Making disciples has many aspects but can be categorized into two main expressions: (1) “reaching”—meaning we are to actively be going and preaching the gospel to the peoples of the world and baptizing new converts in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit; (2) “teaching”—meaning we are to actively be imparting knowledge from the Word of God and training believers to follow Jesus.
    Matthew 28:18-20; John 4:42
  • The church is to carry out this mission until the end of the world—until Jesus returns to judge the world and set up His Kingdom. Each believer is given the Holy Spirit to have power to be witnesses of Jesus unto all the world. Thus this mission is the defining purpose of the churches’ work in this world and the mission is defined by reaching and teaching which results in disciples being made, which results in more local churches being established. A local church is a group of believers who consistently gather together in one place for the common purpose of carrying out the will and work of God and to grow in the grace and knowledge of their Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. It was to this end that the mission was to be fulfilled: to establish local churches (by reaching and teaching) who would have the responsibility to continuously carry out the command to make disciples (by reaching and teaching).
    Luke 24:46-49; Acts 1:8; 14:21-23; Acts 15:41; 1 Thessalonians 1:8; 3:2
  • The expressions of “reaching” and “teaching” are inseparable—meaning one is not more important than the other and they both are characteristically defined as “communication” and even more so as: (1) “personal communication”—meaning a disciple has direct contact with non-disciples or cross-cultural ministry; (2) “oral communication”—meaning a disciple shares the Word of God with spoken words (or sign language); (3) “written communication”—meaning a disciple shares the Word of God with written words. The gospel and the word of God is truth conveyed in words and they thus have to be communicated to the hearer for the mission to go forward. Thus, anything outside of this does not directly work towards fulfilling the mission. Everything else that is often considered “missions” is all “indirect” (works and lifestyle)—meaning it helps influence but can also deviate from the main goal. All believers are called to be “directly” involved.

Reaching Unbelievers With The Message Of Jesus

  • Reaching is the idea of holding out, establishing communication and successfully influencing unbelievers with the gospel message of Jesus. It means to evangelize unbelievers or to witness of Jesus to them. It means to teach the gospel clearly and boldly. Our desire should be to personally preach the gospel—that Jesus offers the remissions of sin through His death and resurrection according to the Bible—so that “whosoever will” may know and receive the glorious grace of God through Jesus.
    Luke 24:44-49
  • Reaching is the idea of stretching past boundaries and going forth with the gospel message of Jesus. Every believer should be involved in actively going into their local area preaching the gospel and actively sending believers to other parts of the world to preach the gospel. Every place in the world where there is a human, there needs to be someone actively, personally and orally communicating the gospel. We desire to reach as many people as we possibly can.
    Mark 16:15; John 20:21
  • Reaching is the idea of successfully contextualizing and convincing (through the work of the Holy Spirit) unbelievers with message of Jesus (a person hears the gospel and believes). But also baptizing them in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit—which testifies that the person is willing to be identified as a disciple of Christ and is a step of obedience in following Christ.
    Matthew 28:19; 1 Corinthians 9:22

Teaching Believers With The Word Of God

  • Teaching is the idea of instructing new believers in the Word of God so that they will obtain the necessary knowledge and skills to be a faithful disciple of Jesus. As repentance and the remission of sins are being preached in Jesus’ name, we should also be teaching all that Jesus taught—including the whole of Scripture.
    Matthew 28:20
  • Teaching is the idea of educating and training disciples for the ministry so that they fulfill the biblical requirements and are proficient to carry out their own ministerial roles. They have to be taught in biblical character, marriage, family, conduct and ability. Discipleship is life-on-life, meaning that you will not only sit down and teach them lessons about the Bible (education), but they also will spend time with you and learn from your life (training). Jesus trained His disciples by being with them. Many things are caught more than taught.
    1 Timothy 3:1-7; 4:6; Titus 1:6-9; Mark 3:14; 1 Corinthians 16:10-11, 4:17
  • Teaching is the idea of church planting—meaning that after disciples are reached, they will continually be taught the Word of God until a church is established, the leadership is properly equipped, and they are actively fulfilling their role in the mission—thus effectively enlisting them to make disciples of all nations and, like so many before them, to be involved in giving their time, talent, treasure and lives in obedience of the mission.
    2 Timothy 2:2; 15
  • Teaching is the idea of continual instruction—meaning that even after a church has been established and the disciples are trained there are still avenues to edify the believers. This is exemplified by Paul who would: (1) return to some of the churches he started to help them; (2) send his disciples to give them assistance; (3) write much needed letters to them when necessary.
    Acts 18:18-23; 2 Corinthians 8:16-18; Examples of letters: Romans 1:1-7; 1 Timothy 1:1-2; Titus 1:1-4

Review Questions

  • What is God’s mission and who has He chosen to use?
  • What does “reaching” mean?
  • What does “teaching” mean?
  • What are three ideas about reaching?
  • What are four ideas about teaching?