Firm Foundations One (7 of 55) Who is Jesus?

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Who is Jesus?

Jesus is the Savior of the world. He is 100% man, and yet He is without sin. He is 100% God, and yet He died for our sins. Through His death, burial, and resurrection He provided a way for mankind to be redeemed to God. He is living and reigning today.

Jesus Is 100% Human

  • Jesus was born of a virgin. His earthly mother, Mary, was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. His very birth was a miracle.
    Matthew 1:18
  • Jesus had a human body. He grew and waxed strong in spirit. He increased in wisdom, stature, and favor with God and man.
    Luke 2:40; 2:52
  • Jesus experienced many of the same things that we experience. He experienced being tired, being hungry, and being thirsty. He experienced different emotions, such as: He marveled, He wept, and His soul was troubled. All of this points to Him being fully human.
    Matthew 4:2; 8:10; 26:38; John 11:35; 12:27; 19:28; Hebrews 5:7
  • Even though Jesus was fully human, He was different from us in that He was sinless. Jesus never committed a sin. His virgin birth made it possible for Him to be born without sin. He lived in the same corrupted world that we do and had many of the same temptations, but He never sinned.
    John 15:10; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 Peter 2:22; 1 John 3:5; Hebrews 4:15

Jesus Is 100% God

  • Jesus being born of a virgin meant that He had no earthly father but that God was His Father. Jesus came from God. This was a miraculous work of God and the Holy Spirit. Jesus, the Son of God, became human yet was still God.
    John 1:1–3; 1:14; Luke 2:11
  • Not only does Jesus Himself claim to be equal with God, but God the Father highly exalts Jesus above all others. The Holy Spirit confesses Jesus as Lord, and the Bible teaches that in Jesus is the fullness of God.
    John 8:57–58; Philippians 2:9–11; Hebrews 1:6, Colossians 1:19; 1 Corinthians 12:3; 1 John 4:2–3
  • During Jesus’ time on Earth, He performed many miracles, healed people from their sickness, and made many claims that no one could make unless they were God.
    John 2:7–8; 5:6–9; 12:44

Jesus Is The Atonement For Our Sin

  • Jesus, who always existed, had to become man so that He could die in our place. In the same way that we all became sinners because of one man (Adam), all can be made righteous because of one man (Jesus).
    Romans 5:19; Hebrews 2:17
  • Jesus being human meant that He could die. Jesus being sinless meant that He did not have to die. Jesus being the sinless Son of God and dying on the cross showed that He was not dying for His own sins, but for the sins of the world.
    1 John 4:9–10; Romans 3:25–26
  • Jesus’ death on the cross was necessary to take away our sins. When He died on the cross for us, He bore all of our sins (past, present, and future). All of God’s wrath and hatred against the sin of mankind was poured out on Jesus.
    Isaiah 53:12; 1 Peter 2:24; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Galatians 3:13
  • Apart from the blood of Jesus, nothing could eternally take away our sins or pay sins’ price in full, not even the Old Testament sacrifices.
    Hebrews 4:10; 9:12; 9:26

Jesus Is The Risen Savior And Our Righteousness

  • God raising Jesus from the dead testified that God accepted Jesus’ death as the atonement for the sins of the world. It meant that the price for sin was paid in full. Jesus sat down at the right hand of God the Father, showing that this work was complete.
    Romans 4:25; Hebrews 1:3
  • Because Jesus completely obeyed the will of God, not only could He die in our place to take away our sin, but also His righteous life could be counted as our life. Believers are justified or made righteous because Jesus rose from the dead.
    Romans 4:25; 5:19; Philippians 3:9; 1 Corinthians 1:30
  • When Jesus rose from the dead, He had a physical, immortal body. In the same way, God will raise believers from the dead and give them immortal bodies to live eternally with Him.
    Luke 24:39; 1 Corinthians 6:14; 15:20, 51–53; 2 Corinthians 4:14

Jesus Is Lord

  • Lord Jesus came to earth to save us from our sins. He has provided everything that we need to have our sins forgiven, but we must repent and believe in Him for this remission of sin. He is the Lord of lords and we must recognize Him as such, forsaking our opposition to His Lordship.
    Matthew 1:21; 4:17; John 6:28–29
  • Lord Jesus is the only way for us to have our sins forgiven and to receive eternal life. He is The Way, The Truth, and The Life. There is salvation in no one else, nor is there another name whereby we must be saved. We must confess that Jesus is Lord.
    John 14:6–7; Acts 4:12; 14:6; Romans 10:9–10

Review Questions

  • Why is Jesus’ birth a miracle?
  • Jesus is 100% man, but He does not have what?
  • How do we know that Jesus is God?
  • Why did Jesus die on the cross?
  • Jesus commanded us to do what to be saved?

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