19:1-21 The Return Of The Lord Jesus (The Second Coming)
Memory Verse: Revelation 19:11, 16
19:1-6 The Four Alleluias Of Heavenly Praise
- 19:1-2 The First Alleluia: John receives a new vision and hears a great voice of much people in heaven—most likely the host of heavenly angels. They were rejoicing saying, “Alleluia”—which means praise to God and ascribing the following attributes to Him because they are all on display for everyone to see: (1) Salvation has come—deliverance from sin and its consequences. (2) Justice has come—His judgements are true and righteous. He judged the false religion (the great whore) that corrupted the earth with her false teaching (fornication). (3) Vengeance has come—He has avenged the blood of His servants who were martyred at the hand of this false religion.
- 19:3 The Second Alleluia: Then this great voice of much people in heaven again said, “Alleluia.” This time they were praising God because the smoke of Babylon rose up for ever and ever—representing that it is forever defeated.
- 19:4 The Third Alleluia: The four and twenty elders (representatives of the church in heaven) and the four beasts (special angels) fell down and worshipped God that sat on the throne, saying, “Amen; Alleluia.” They expressed agreeance (Amen) to all that was said and joined in praising God for all that He has done (Alleluia).
- 19:5-6 The Fourth Alleluia: A voice came out of the throne (probably an angel) telling all the servants of God (those who fear Him, no matter what their rank is) to join in praising their God. In response, John hears the voice of a great multitude (as the voice of many waters and of mighty thunderings) loudly saying, “Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigns.” They praised the One with unlimited power because He reigns.
19:7-10 The Marriage Ceremony And Supper Of The Lamb
- 19:7-8 As the host of heaven praised God, they continue on saying, “Let us be glad, rejoice, and give honour to God.” The reason they gave for this was because the marriage of the Lamb has come and His wife has made herself ready. This “wife” represents the church and the marriage represent our salvation completed, where we will be presented to and be with Jesus. Believers are granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white. The fine linen is the righteousness of saints. This righteousness isn’t our own righteousness but that righteousness that is imputed to us from Christ Jesus.
Ephesians 5:25–32; Philippians 3:9; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Galatians 2:16; 1 Peter 2:24; Romans 1:17; 3:22; 1 Corinthians 1:30
- 19:9 An angel told John to write that those who are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb are blessed. In ancient times, there was a meal after the marriage ceremony. Therefore, those invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb is not the church (bride), but is the saints outside the church (Old Testament believers and tribulation saints). The special position of the church is part of God’s plan, just likely Israel had a special part in God’s plan (but this doesn’t mean we are any better than the other saints). Then the angel confirms what he said to John by saying, “These are the true sayings of God.”
In the Kingdom: Matthew 8:11; Luke 13:28; Hebrews 11; Matthew 11:11; Choosing Israel: Deuteronomy 7:7
- 19:10 John responds by worshipping the angel. The angel responds to John telling him not to worship him because he is just a fellow-servant. Worship should only be ascribed to God himself. He reminds John, “The testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.”
19:11-16 The Return Of Jesus
- 19:11-13, 15-16 Next, John saw heaven opened and behold a white horse with someone riding on it. The rider is Jesus who is returning in triumph and glory. He goes on to describe Jesus: (1) He is called Faithful and True—Jesus has been faithful to the God’s will and only declared the truth. (2) In righteousness He doth judge and make war—His first coming was for salvation, but this time He comes to righteously judge the world. (3) His eyes were as a flame of fire—representing His omniscience. (4) On His head were many crowns—in contrast to the crown of thorns He wore at His first coming, He now wears many real crowns showing He is the reigning King. (5) He had a name written, that no man knew, but He Himself. (6) He was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood—representing the judgment coming on His enemies. (7) His name is called, “The Word of God”—clearly identifying this rider as Jesus, the Word who was made flesh. (8) Out of His mouth goes a sharp sword—which represent that just by speaking He will smite the nations. (9) He will rule them with a rod of iron—He is coming to establish His Kingdom and will not tolerate evil. (3) He will tread the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God—His judgment will be severe and fulfill God’s wrath against sin. (9) On His vesture and on His thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS—which represent He is the absolute sovereign ruler of all.
- 19:14 In the middle of the description about the returning and reining Jesus the armies which were in heaven are mentioned as they followed Him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. These represent the righteous church, Old testament believers, angels and tribulation saints (already in heaven). Jesus’ army is unarmed because He alone will destroy the enemy.
Revelation 7:9; 20:4-6; Daniel 12:1-2; Matthew 25:31
19:17-21 The Battle Of Armageddon
- 19:17-18 John saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, calling all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven to come and gather themselves together unto the supper of the great God—meaning that they may eat the flesh of kings, captains, mighty men, horses, those who ride the horse and the flesh of all men (both free, bond, small and great)—all the enemies who are at the battle of Armageddon will die.
- 19:19-21 Finally, John saw the Antichrist (the beast), the kings of the earth (the ten kings), their armies, all gathered together to make war against Jesus (Him that sat on the horse), and those who are with Him (Jesus’ army). The Antichrist (the beast) and the false prophet (who did miracles before the Antichrist which deceived those that had received the mark of the beast, and those who worshipped the image of the Antichrist) were captured and both cast alive into a lake of fire (the final hell) burning with brimstone. All the other enemies of God (the remnant) were slain with the sword that proceeded out of the mouth of Jesus (him that sat upon the horse). The carnage of this slaughter was so great that all the fowls were filled with their flesh. Jesus wins the battle of Armageddon.
- What are the four alleluias of heavenly praise?
- Who is the wife at the marriage ceremony of the Lamb?
- Who are those invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb?
- What is the return of Jesus like?
- Who wins the battle Armageddon? What is the result of those who lost?