21:1-22:5 Eternity In The New Heaven, Earth And Jerusalem
Memory Verse: Revelation 21:3-4
21:1-8 God Makes All Things New: The Believers’ New Reality
- 21:1-2 After John saw unbelievers condemned at the great white throne judgment, he saw a new heaven and earth. The old ones had already ceased to exist. These new ones are different from the old ones because it has no sea, which means there in no hydrological cycle and things will work differently there. Then he saw a new Jerusalem (the holy city) coming down from God out of heaven. This is new because it is not the historical or millennial city of Jerusalem, but it most likely the one already in existence in heaven where Jesus is preparing a place for us. The city is ready for believers to eternally dwell in it just like a bride adorned is prepared for her husband.
Revelation 20:11; Isaiah 65:17; 66:22; John 14:1–3
- 21:3-4 John heard a great voice out of heaven declaring that the former things are passed away and everything is new, which means: (1) God’s tabernacle or dwelling place will be with believers and God will dwell among them. We will live in and enjoy the very presence of God Himself. (2) Believers will be God’s people and He will be their God—meaning that they will worship and serve Him. (3) God will wipe away all tears from the eyes of believers and there will no longer be death, sorrow, crying or pain—all of these will cease to exist. The believer’s new reality is a glorious one.
- 21:5-8 John then hears the voice of God that sat upon the throne declaring that He makes all things new—nothing will be like it was. God himself told John to write down what He is saying because: “these words are true and faithful.” Then He continues to tell John the following: (1) His work is completed, it is done—God’s will concerning the salvation and damnation of mankind is fulfilled. God is the Alpha and Omega (the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet), the beginning and the end—meaning He is the Sovereign One in control of all. (2) His people (“him that is athirst,” “he that overcometh”) are rewarded by Him with eternal life (water of life), a great inheritance (all things), and a privileged relationship (God will be their God and they will be His sons). (3) His enemies are punished. All unbelievers (the fearful, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, whoremongers, sorcerers, idolaters, liars—their lives are characterized by these sins to show they never repented and believed in Jesus) will have their part in the lake of fire (which burns with fire and brimstone), meaning they will not partake in the eternal joy with God. They will participate in the second death—which is eternal separation from God.
21:9–27 The Bride, The Lamb’s Wife: The Believers’ Eternal Home
- 21:9-11 The City: One of the seven angels who had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues came and talked with John, saying, “Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb’s wife”—characterized by bride/wife because the marriage has already happened and believers are eternally united with God and Jesus, thus the city will hold these believers and have similar characteristics. Then he carried John away in the Holy Spirit to a great and high mountain. From there he showed John the new Jerusalem (the great and holy city), descending out of heaven from God. The city had the glory of God which radiated light like a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone and clear as crystal—the light of God’s glory radiated so wonderfully—this is John attempt to described it.
- 21:12-14 The Wall, Gates, Foundations: The city had a great and high wall. The wall had twelve gates. Each gate had an angel. Each gate (east, north, south, west—each side had three gates) had a name written on it which were the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel. The wall also had twelve foundations. Each foundations had one of the twelve apostles of Jesus (the Lamb) names on it. The names probably symbolize God’s fulfillment and ongoing covenant relationship with the Old and New Testament saints.
- 21:15-17 The Measurements: The angel had a golden reed to measure the city, gates and wall. The city is a square. The length is as large as the breadth. The angel measured the city: about 1,280 miles (twelve-thousand furlongs). The length, breadth and height of the city are equal. The angel measured the wall: about 72 yards (one-hundred and forty-four cubits). The angel notes that these measurements are according to the measure of a man which is the same for angels—meaning they are literal measurements. This is a huge city.
- 21:18-21 The Building Material: This is a beautiful and colorful city that reflects and radiates the glory of God described as follows: (1) The wall was built of jasper. (2) The city was pure gold, like unto clear glass. (3) The foundations were garnished with all manner of precious stones (first—jasper; second—sapphire; third—chalcedony; fourth—emerald; fifth—sardonyx; sixth—sardius; seventh—chrysolite; eighth—beryl; ninth—a topaz; tenth—chrysoprasus; eleventh—jacinth; twelfth—amethyst). (4) The gates were each made of one pearl. (5) The street was pure gold as it were transparent glass.
- 21:22 The Temple: John saw no physical temple in the city because the Lord God Almighty and Jesus (the Lamb) are the temple of the city.
- 21:23-26, 22:5a The Light: The city’s light was from the glory of God and Jesus (the Lamb), thus no need for the sun or moon to exist. The saved of all nations (believers) will walk in the light of the city.
- 21:25-27 The Gates: The gates will never be shut (not by day and there is no night). The kings of the earth will bring their glory and honour and that of the nations into the city. But nothing will enter into the city that defiles, works abomination or makes lies. Only those who are written in the Lamb’s book of life—only believers can enter.
22:1-5 The Water And Tree Of Life: The Believers’ Eternal State
- 22:1-4 The angel shows John a pure river of water of life. It was clear as crystal. It proceeded out of the throne of God and Jesus (the Lamb). In the midst of the street and on either side of the river, was the tree of life. It bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month (time only being relative for our understanding). Its leaves were for the healing or benefit of the believers (nations). This all symbolizes our eternal life and enjoyment with God in the new Jerusalem. Which means there will be no more curse. The throne of God and Jesus (the Lamb) will be in this city and His servants will serve Him. They will see His face. His name will be in their foreheads—we belong to Him.
- 22:5b Finally, believers will reign for ever and ever.
- What did John see after the great white throne judgment?
- A voice declared there was no longer going to be what?
- What did God declare?
- What it the city like?
- Believers will live and reign for how long?