Memory Verse: Matthew 5:6
5:1-3a Jesus Starts Teaching His Disciples On The Mountain
- 5:1-2 Jesus’ constant teaching, preaching and healing caused great multitudes of people to follow Him. When Jesus saw the multitudes, He went up into a mountain and sat down. His disciples came unto Him and He started to teach them. This teaching starts in the next verse and continues until Matthew chapter seven verse twenty-seven.
- 5:3a “Blessed”—Jesus is going to use this word nine times to show what a person who is blessed is like. This word means to be happy or fortunate. Therefore, Jesus is going to teach His disciples what the true meaning of happiness is and how to obtain it. So many people are searching for happiness in this life, but it seems out of reach for so many or they give up resigning to the fact that it is unobtainable for them to achieve. As we will discover the following characteristics are those of believers, the faithful who have found their true happiness in Jesus and not in the things of this world.
5:3-9 The Eight Characteristics Of The Blessed
- 5:3-9 Each of the eight characteristics taught by Jesus have the same structure. Jesus states that a person is blessed who (1) “names the characteristic or attitude” and (2) “gives the reason for the blessing”. Therefore, we will also follow this same structure in trying to understand each of them.
- 5:3 Blessed are: (1) The poor in spirit—those who realize they are spiritually poor. This person realizes that he lacks something, that trusting in himself is not sufficient. This person is not proud, but humble, realizing he is in need of God. (2) For theirs is the kingdom of heaven—they will be saved and God rules in theirs hearts and lives. This person’s humility led him to understand his sinful condition and need for grace, which God offers free to those who need it. Conclusion: True happiness is found by humbly coming before God to be rescued from spiritual poverty and placed into His kingdom.
- 5:4 Blessed are: (1) They that mourn—those whose deep sorrow or regret lead them to repentance. True repentance precedes salvation and leads to salvation. God is looking for a broken and a contrite heart. (2) For they shall be comforted—they will lead to salvation, God will not despise them, but will forgive their sins, which results in great comfort. Conclusion: True happiness is found by godly sorrow that works repentance to salvation and results in the comfort of knowing our sins are forgiven.
Psalm 51:16-17; 2 Corinthians 7:10
- 5:5 Blessed are: (1) The meek—those who have enough self-control to do the right thing. They refrain from going to either extreme of “excess” or “absence”. It is the strength not to react wrongly when we are wronged. (2) For they shall inherit the earth—they will receive blessings. Conclusion: True happiness is found by showing forth the strength needed to choose God’s will over our own and trusting in Him for the outcome.
Psalm 37:7-10; Ephesians 4:1-2; Matthew 11:28-30
- 5:6 Blessed are: (1) They which do hunger and thirst after righteousness—those who have an overwhelming desire to have a right relationship with God and live according to His will. They realize they are not righteousness in themselves, nor can they establish their own righteousness, therefore they look to God for the righteousness which is by faith. (2) For they shall be filled—they found and submitted themselves to the righteousness of God. Conclusion: True happiness is found by craving righteousness and realizing it can only be satisfied through Jesus, which results in a right relationship with God.
Psalm 42:1-2; Romans 10:3; Philippians 3:9
- 5:7 Blessed are: (1) The merciful—those who show forgiveness, compassion or gracious acts towards those who aren’t worthy of it. As believers, God withheld His just punishment from us and heard our cry for mercy, therefore, it is only right that we do that same. Showing mercy is a characteristic of being a believer. (2) For they shall obtain mercy—they will also be the receivers of mercy, most importantly God’s mercy. Conclusion: True happiness is found by being saved according to the mercy of God and showing mercy to others as a result of it.
Psalm 28:6; Romans 11:30; Titus 3:5
- 5:8 Blessed are: (1) The pure in heart—those who are real, true and blameless in the inner-man. They have no hidden wrong motives. They aren’t hypocrites. It is the sign of a true believer who is spiritually pure through salvation living his life in response to that truth. (2) For they shall see God—they will see Him face to face. Conclusion: True happiness is found by genuinely believing in God and genuinely obeying His will, knowing that one day we will eternally be living with Him.
Psalm 44:20-21; 51:10; 1 John 3:1-3; Matthew 23:27-28; Mark 7:18-23; Revelation 22:3-4
- 5:9 Blessed are: (1) The peacemakers—those who reconcile broken relationships, especially the relationship between God and man. As believers we know that God has reconciled us to Himself by Jesus Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation. Through preaching the gospel we are working to restore mankind’s relationship with God so they can have peace with God. We also work to live peaceably with all men. (2) For they shall be called the children of God—they will receive the adoption of sons. Conclusion: True happiness is found by being reconciled to God and helping others to be reconciled to Him, knowing they are sons carrying out the mission of the Father.
2 Corinthians 5:18; Romans 5:1; 12:14; Hebrews 12:14; Galatians 4:4-7
- 5:10 Blessed are: (1) They which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake—those who receive any form of action that punishes them for being a believer or obeying God’s will. (2) For theirs is the kingdom of heaven—they will be saved and God rules in theirs hearts and lives. Conclusion: True happiness is found in a real relationship with God—no matter the cost of obtaining, knowing that one day God will wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there will be no more death, sorrow, crying or pain.
- 5:11-12 Jesus expands the last characteristic making it personal for His disciples. He says three things we need to note: (1) He tells them they are blessed when, for Jesus sake, men revile, persecute or says all manner of evil against them falsely. (2) He then tells them to rejoice and be exceeding glad because great is their reward in heaven. (3) Finally, He reminds them that the prophets which were before them were also persecuted, meaning as they experience persecution they will be numbered with the people of God.
- Where was Jesus teaching and who was He teaching?
- What does “blessed” mean?
- The eight characteristics are characteristics of who?
- What are the eight characteristics?
- What did Jesus make personal to His disciples at the end?