Tag Archives: Basics

Firm Foundations One (11 of 55) I Recently Believed, What Is My Next Step?

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I Recently Believed, What Is My Next Step?

If you have repented and believed in Jesus as Lord and Savior, then you are a believer. It is a time of rejoicing. Welcome to the family of God. This is just the beginning of your journey as a believer. Your next steps can be summed up in the following: understand your new faith, grow in your new faith, and express your new faith.
Luke 15:3–10

Understand Your New Faith

  • Born Again: The Bible says that when a person becomes a believer they are born again. This means that a person has realized that they are a sinner and the price for their sin is death. But Jesus died on the cross to pay the price for sin and He rose again from the dead proving He is Lord and Savior. Therefore, a person repents and believes in Jesus for salvation.
    John 3:3, 16; Romans 3:23; 6:23; 5:8; 10:9–10
  • New Creature: Because you are born again, you have become a new creature. As a new creature, your old life has passed away and you start living your new life in Jesus. With each passing day we want to become more like Jesus.
    2 Corinthians 5:17
  • Child of God: Because you are born again, you have a new relationship with God; you are His child. Before, we were slaves to sin and to other things, but now we are in a right relationship with God.
    John 1:12–13; Galatians 4:4–7; 1 John 3:1
  • Temple of the Holy Spirit: Because we are sons, God has given us the Holy Spirit to live inside us so that we can live out who we now are. We do not have to live out this new life in our own power, but through the power of the Holy Spirit. He helps us become more like Jesus.
    Ephesians 1:13–14; Galatians 4:6; 1 Corinthians 6:19–20
  • Abundant Life: As we understand and grow in our faith, we will experience greater joy in knowing Jesus. There will still be struggles in life, but we will ultimately receive eternal life. We do not have to live in fear because we know our salvation is in Jesus’ hands, and He will never forsake us.
    John 3:16; 10:10, 28–29; Philippians 1:6

Grow In Your New Faith

  • Repentance and Faith: You became a believer through repentance and faith in Jesus Christ, and these are two things that you will continue to do to help you grow as a believer. Salvation occurs once, but as you grow in the grace and knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, you will need to continue repenting of your sins and trusting in the teachings of the Bible. Jesus is the object of our faith and we should never forget that.
    2 Peter 3:18; Colossians 2:6–7
  • Read and Study the Bible: To grow as a believer and learn how to live out your new life you need to read and study the Bible. The Bible is what helps you to understand salvation, and it is what will help you understand how to live for God. It is your main authority in life.
    2 Timothy 2:15; 3:16–17; 1 Peter 2:1–3; Acts 20:32
  • Pray and Praise: Now that you are a believer, you can pray to God and He hears your prayer. You should spend time in prayer to Him and praise Him. There are no certain prayers that you must pray, but you should be constantly praying, praising, and thanking God.
    1 Thessalonians 5:17; Matthew 6:9–13; John 15:7
  • Local Church: You need to become a member of a local church. A local church is an assembly of believers who consistently meet together for edification in the Word of God, to partake in the Lord’s Supper and Baptism, to worship God together, and to encourage each other to do good works and spread the Gospel.
    Hebrews 10:24–25; Ephesians 1:12–14; 4:12–16

Express Your New Faith

  • Baptism: Baptism is a public expression of your faith in Jesus. Many people refer to this as a believer’s first step of obedience because Jesus commanded everyone who believes in Him to be baptized. Therefore, baptism is when your whole body is immersed in water and then comes out of the water. This illustrates being buried and resurrected with Jesus and the new life that we have because of our faith in Christ. Baptism is only a symbol and has no saving power.
    Acts 2:41; Romans 6:3-4
  • Living Sacrifice: Jesus is our Lord and we are to start living for Him. We express our faith through the works that we do. We stop sinning and we start doing right. We are being transformed through the Bible and living out His will. Because of who we are, we will desire to do good works.
    Ephesians 2:8–10; 2 Peter 1:5–11; Romans 12:1–2
  • Ambassadors for Christ: We are to tell others about Jesus. We become witnesses of His and desire to spread the gospel so that they might also be saved. This means the main occupation of your life is to make disciples, teaching others who Jesus is.
    2 Corinthians 5:20; Matthew 28:28–20

Review Questions

  • What does it mean to be born again?
  • Who lives inside of believers?
  • What is a believer’s main authority?
  • What are three ways to express your faith?
  • What does it mean to be an ambassador of Christ?

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Firm Foundations One (10 of 55) What Is A Disciple Like?

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What Is A Disciple Like?

A disciple is one who desires to follow Jesus, submit to His will, and obey His Word. Jesus told the multitudes what a disciple of His is like and then challenged them to “count the cost” before declaring their willingness to believe and follow Him. Salvation is completely free, but living the Christian life may cost everything. Everyone who repents and believes in Jesus should be willing and obligated follow Him.
Luke 14:28-33; Ephesians 2:10; Titus 1:16

A Disciple Considers And Chooses To Follow Jesus

  • There are only two kinds of people in the world: those who believe and follow Jesus and those who do not.
    Matthew 7:13–14
  • Two Gates: Jesus is the strait gate. Only through Him can we be saved. There is no other name whereby we must be saved. Religion is the broad gate. It only leads to destruction.
    John 10:9; Acts 4:12
  • Two Ways: The narrow way is choosing to believe and follow Jesus no matter the obstacles in your way (your family does not approve, you will be persecuted, it is against the law, etc.) The broad way is choosing not to believe, nor follow Jesus, but choosing what you think is right (your own way, your family tradition, or your religion).
    Matthew 10:37; Proverbs 16:25
  • Two Destinations: If you choose the strait gate and narrow way you will receive everlasting life. If you choose the wide gate and the broad way you will receive destruction.
    John 3:36
  • Two Crowds: Few people are willing to admit their sin, repent, and believe in Jesus as the only way of salvation. Most people want to think positive about themselves, follow their traditions, and only worry about their momentary life.
    John 14:6; Luke 13:23–30
  • Two Builders: Those who follow Jesus are like a wise man who builds his house upon a rock. When the rain, floods, and winds come, his house will not fall. Those who do not follow Jesus are like a foolish man who builds his house upon sand. When the rain, floods, and winds come, his house will fall.
    Matthew 7:24-27

A Disciple Discovers And Believes Jesus Is The Greatest Treasure

  • If you understand what God is offering to you through the work of Jesus, then you should be willing to do whatever it takes to obtain it.
    Matthew 13:44-46; Philippians 3:7–8
  • Kingdom of God: God is offering to allow us to enter His Kingdom where there is no more crying, no more death, no more mourning, and no more pain. We will share in the eternal joy of a loving God.
    Revelation 21:1-4
  • Forgiveness of Sins: God is offering to forgive all of our sins: past, present, and future. Every failure and wrong thing we have done will be forgiven.
    Psalm 103:12
  • Declared Righteous: God is offering to impart the righteousness of Christ on our lives. That means that we will be as righteous as Jesus. He gives us all of Jesus’ goodness.
    Galatians 2:16
  • Escape from Hell: God is offering to rescue us from Hell and the Lake of Fire. The end of every person is eternal punishment unless they are saved by the grace of God.
    Romans 3:23

A Disciple Renounces His Life And Submits To Jesus As Lord

  • Choosing to follow Jesus is not a momentary decision, but it is a lifelong decision. Repenting and believing in Jesus results in a new life, a change in action and purpose. You no longer live for self, but live for Jesus and live like Jesus.
    Matthew 16:24-26; Mark 8:34–38; John 12:24–26
  • A disciple is willing to publicly identify with Jesus. He is not ashamed of being a follower of Jesus. There will be people who oppose his decision to trust in Jesus, but he chooses Jesus over them.
    Matthew 10:33; Mark 8:38; Romans 1:16
  • A disciple is willing to love Jesus as the highest priority in his life. He is willing to love Him above everyone else, including his possessions, family, and self.
    Matthew 10:34–37; Luke 14:26
  • A disciple is willing to lose his life for Jesus’ sake. Affliction, trials, and persecutions are part of the new life and can be expected in a disciple of Jesus, just as evident as it was in the life of Jesus.
    Matthew 10:24-25; 38–39; Luke 14:27; John 15:20-21
  • Submitting to Jesus’ Lordship does not mean that you will not sin or fall, but that when you do, you are willing to repent and start doing right again for the glory of God. This also does not mean that you understand everything, but that you realize even though the Christian life is hard, it is worth it.

Review Questions

  • What did Jesus tell the multitudes to do?
  • What are the two gates and the two ways?
  • Why is Jesus the greatest treasure?
  • If a disciple does not live for himself, who does he live for?
  • A disciple is willing to do what?

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Firm Foundations One (9 of 55) How To Be Saved?

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How To Be Saved?

Salvation is a supernatural work of God where He forgives the sins of a person and makes him righteous through the work of Jesus. A person is saved by grace through repentance and faith in Jesus.

Salvation Is Offered To All Who Realize They Need It

  • Prideful people do not understand their need for salvation. They are satisfied with their own achievements in life. They need to exchange the high view of their self and their importance for a high view of God’s self and His importance.
    Psalm 138:6; Isaiah 57:15
  • The Bible tells us that we are to become like children if we want to be saved. It means that we have to become humble and dependent. We have to become dependent on God and not dependent on our own wisdom, understanding, and works.
    Matthew 11:25; 18:3
  • If you are trusting in your own works, goodness, religion or ideas then you may be blinded to your need of help. You have to first realize your condition even if you don’t want to hear it. A sick person, who refuses to admit his condition, cannot be helped by a doctor. We have a sinful condition and are in desperate need of being saved from its penalty.
    Luke 5:31–32; 18:9–14; 1 Corinthians 1:26–28

Salvation Is Offered To You By The Grace Of God

  • Grace is the free and unmerited favor of God that makes a way for your sins to be forgiven. You must realize that apart from God, there is no one else, not even yourself, which can offer you true salvation.
    Romans 3:10; 23; Ephesians 2:8–10
  • God showed His grace towards us through the revelation of Jesus Christ. You need to understand who Jesus is and what He did.

– Jesus is the Son of God. He came and lived on this Earth being 100% God and 100% man. He was sinless. He was equal with God. He came as the Savior of the world. This was all testified by the Prophets, by Jesus’ own works, by the Scriptures, and by God Himself.
Matthew 11:27; John 5:33–40

– Jesus willingly died in our place on the cross. He did not have to die for Himself because He had no sin; He loved us though and chose to die in our place. He became sin for us, so that our sin debt could be paid.
John 10:18; Romans 5:8; 6:23; 1 Peter 2:24

– Jesus rose again from the dead. This proved that God accepted His death as our payment for sin. It proved that everything He said and did was true. He lives and reigns today, seated at the right hand of God the Father.
Romans 4:25

– Jesus is The Way, The Truth, and The Life. There is no other way of salvation. There is no other god or person that can pay the price for your sin. Therefore, salvation is only through Jesus’ death and resurrection.
John 14:6–7; Acts 4:12

Salvation Is Received Through Repentance And Faith In Jesus Christ

Acts 20:21

  • Repentance is renouncing your former way of life (sin, pride, self-righteousness, etc.) and turning to a new way of life that is only found in the Lord Jesus. This is a change of mind, heart, and life based on the understanding of truth.
    2 Corinthians 7:9–10; Luke 5:32;13:3; Psalm 51; Jeremiah 14:20
  • This new way of life means that Jesus is Lord and you are willing to start yielding to His authority and will.
    Acts 26:20; Matthew 3:5–6
  • Faith is trusting in Jesus to save you. You trust that Jesus’ death and resurrection are sufficient to forgive your sins. This is more than intellectual assent of the facts about Jesus, but you are basing your salvation on them.
    Acts 16:31; 20:21; Romans 3:22, 25, 28; 10:9–11, 17; James 2:19; Matthew 8:29
  • Putting your faith in Jesus means you are choosing Jesus above everything else. It means that Jesus is the object of your faith and you are not trusting in anyone else for your salvation. You trust in Jesus alone.
    Acts 4:12; 1 Thessalonians 1:9
  • Repentance and faith are both gifts of God. There are no human works that can save us. Salvation is all by the grace of God.
    Titus 3:5; Ephesians 2:1–5,8; Matthew 19:25-26; Acts 11:18; 2 Timothy 2:25

Salvation Is A Personal Decision

  • Every person has to individually respond to Jesus if they want to be saved. A person cannot be saved because he grew up in a Christian family, was baptized, or did good works.
  • How do you know if you are ready to repent and put your faith in Jesus for salvation? After hearing the truth, you know and agree that you are a sinner and Jesus is the Son of God who died and rose again, therefore, you are willing to repent and trust in Jesus alone to save you, confessing Him as Lord.
    Romans 10:9-10
  • If you have repented and placed your faith in Jesus, you are saved.

Review Questions

  • What is grace?
  • Why do we need grace?
  • What is repentance?
  • What is faith?
  • Are you saved? Why?

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Firm Foundations One (8 of 55) What Is Man’s Final Destination?

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What Is Man’s Final Destination?

Man’s final destination is determined by what his relationship is with Jesus Christ. Those who repent of their sins, believe Jesus is the Son of God, and confess Him as Lord and Savior will live eternally with Him in the Kingdom of God. They will live in eternal enjoyment with God. Those who reject Jesus or those who die in their sins will be eternally separated from God in the Lake of Fire. They will receive eternal punishment.

The Final Judgments

  • In the final judgments, Jesus Christ will judge all mankind. He will reward all believers and punish all unbelievers for their works.
    Revelation 11:18; 20:11–15; Acts 10:42; 2 Timothy 4:1; Matthew 25:31–33; John 5:27
  • The Great White Throne Judgment: For unbelievers, God will bring every work into judgment, good and bad. They will be righteously judged for their works and for rejecting Christ, then punished accordingly.
    Ecclesiastes 12:14; Revelation 20:12; Romans 2:8
  • The Judgment Seat of Christ: For believers, God already punished Jesus in their place for the evil works when He died on the cross. Therefore, they will not be judged for punishment but for reward. Their good works will be judged and rewarded.
    John 5:24; Romans 8:1; 2 Corinthians 5:10; 1 Corinthians 3:12–15
  • The question is often asked: “Why does God allow evil to exist today?” God has allowed mankind to have free will and make his own decisions. Mankind turned from God, and thus, evil exists in our world today. In the final judgment, God will punish everyone for their evil deeds. There will be justice for all mankind at that time. No evil will go unpunished.
    Psalm 92:15; Romans 12:19; Colossians 3:25

The Final Punishment: The Lake Of Fire (Hell)

  • Those who die in their sins will be eternally separated from God. The Bible describes this as a place of eternal fire and torment.
    Matthew 25:41; Mark 9:48; Luke 16:28; Revelation 14:10–11
  • Finally, Death, Hell, and all unbelievers will be thrown in the lake of fire for all eternity. Everyone who does not confess Jesus as Lord will experience this death as their righteous punishment for their evil works and rebellion against God.
    Revelation 20:14; 21:8

The Final Reward: The Kingdom Of God (Heaven)

  • The Bible presents Heaven as the place where God resides. All believers will eternally live with God and live under His reign; therefore, we say that we will go to Heaven or the Kingdom of God.
    Matthew 6:9; 1 Peter 3:22; Revelation 21:2
  • God will make all things new. There will be a new Heaven and a new Earth. We will eternally dwell with God. He shall be our God, and we shall be His people.
    2 Peter 3:13; Revelation 21:1–3; Isaiah 65:17; 66:22; Romans 8:21
  • In the new Heaven and new Earth, we will have new, incorruptible bodies. It will be a place where there is no more crying, no more death, no more mourning, and no more pain. All evil will be done away with. We will be in the presence of God’s glory with great joy.
    Revelations 21:4; 23; 22:4; Jude 24; Romans 8:18; 1 Corinthians 15:43; 2 Corinthians 4:17; 1 Thessalonians 2:12; 1 Peter 5:4, 10; Psalm 16:11
  • As believers, we long for the new Heaven and new Earth. We strive to do good and store up treasure in Heaven. We desire to live holy and righteous lives, knowing we will be rewarded in the end.
    Matthew 6:20; 2 Peter 3:11, 13
  • Because everything will be made new and there is no sin, we will be able to fully enjoy many things. We will ultimately enjoy our relationship with God.
    Revelation 19:9; 22:1-3; Luke 22:18

The Final Events: When Will All Of This Happen?

  • The Bible says that Jesus is coming back. No one knows the exact time when Jesus will return. He could come back anytime. After His return, we will be judged.
    John 14:3; Mark 13:32
  • We can only make the decision to repent and trust Jesus in this life now. After we die or He returns, we cannot change our minds. The decision to follow Jesus should not be taken lightly because your eternal destination depends on it.
  • God is loving and patient. He is not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. He is seeking those who are willing to respond to Him by faith. He does not rejoice in the death of the wicked, but He does rejoice in the salvation of a sinner.
    Luke 15:1–32; 2 Peter 3:9; Ezekiel 33:11; Isaiah 62:5

Review Questions

  • What are the final judgments?
  • How will God punish unbelievers for their evil works?
  • How will God punish believers for their evil works?
  • What is man’s final destination? How do you know?
  • When is Jesus coming back?

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Firm Foundations One (7 of 55) Who is Jesus?

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Who is Jesus?

Jesus is the Savior of the world. He is 100% man, and yet He is without sin. He is 100% God, and yet He died for our sins. Through His death, burial, and resurrection He provided a way for mankind to be redeemed to God. He is living and reigning today.

Jesus Is 100% Human

  • Jesus was born of a virgin. His earthly mother, Mary, was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. His very birth was a miracle.
    Matthew 1:18
  • Jesus had a human body. He grew and waxed strong in spirit. He increased in wisdom, stature, and favor with God and man.
    Luke 2:40; 2:52
  • Jesus experienced many of the same things that we experience. He experienced being tired, being hungry, and being thirsty. He experienced different emotions, such as: He marveled, He wept, and His soul was troubled. All of this points to Him being fully human.
    Matthew 4:2; 8:10; 26:38; John 11:35; 12:27; 19:28; Hebrews 5:7
  • Even though Jesus was fully human, He was different from us in that He was sinless. Jesus never committed a sin. His virgin birth made it possible for Him to be born without sin. He lived in the same corrupted world that we do and had many of the same temptations, but He never sinned.
    John 15:10; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 Peter 2:22; 1 John 3:5; Hebrews 4:15

Jesus Is 100% God

  • Jesus being born of a virgin meant that He had no earthly father but that God was His Father. Jesus came from God. This was a miraculous work of God and the Holy Spirit. Jesus, the Son of God, became human yet was still God.
    John 1:1–3; 1:14; Luke 2:11
  • Not only does Jesus Himself claim to be equal with God, but God the Father highly exalts Jesus above all others. The Holy Spirit confesses Jesus as Lord, and the Bible teaches that in Jesus is the fullness of God.
    John 8:57–58; Philippians 2:9–11; Hebrews 1:6, Colossians 1:19; 1 Corinthians 12:3; 1 John 4:2–3
  • During Jesus’ time on Earth, He performed many miracles, healed people from their sickness, and made many claims that no one could make unless they were God.
    John 2:7–8; 5:6–9; 12:44

Jesus Is The Atonement For Our Sin

  • Jesus, who always existed, had to become man so that He could die in our place. In the same way that we all became sinners because of one man (Adam), all can be made righteous because of one man (Jesus).
    Romans 5:19; Hebrews 2:17
  • Jesus being human meant that He could die. Jesus being sinless meant that He did not have to die. Jesus being the sinless Son of God and dying on the cross showed that He was not dying for His own sins, but for the sins of the world.
    1 John 4:9–10; Romans 3:25–26
  • Jesus’ death on the cross was necessary to take away our sins. When He died on the cross for us, He bore all of our sins (past, present, and future). All of God’s wrath and hatred against the sin of mankind was poured out on Jesus.
    Isaiah 53:12; 1 Peter 2:24; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Galatians 3:13
  • Apart from the blood of Jesus, nothing could eternally take away our sins or pay sins’ price in full, not even the Old Testament sacrifices.
    Hebrews 4:10; 9:12; 9:26

Jesus Is The Risen Savior And Our Righteousness

  • God raising Jesus from the dead testified that God accepted Jesus’ death as the atonement for the sins of the world. It meant that the price for sin was paid in full. Jesus sat down at the right hand of God the Father, showing that this work was complete.
    Romans 4:25; Hebrews 1:3
  • Because Jesus completely obeyed the will of God, not only could He die in our place to take away our sin, but also His righteous life could be counted as our life. Believers are justified or made righteous because Jesus rose from the dead.
    Romans 4:25; 5:19; Philippians 3:9; 1 Corinthians 1:30
  • When Jesus rose from the dead, He had a physical, immortal body. In the same way, God will raise believers from the dead and give them immortal bodies to live eternally with Him.
    Luke 24:39; 1 Corinthians 6:14; 15:20, 51–53; 2 Corinthians 4:14

Jesus Is Lord

  • Lord Jesus came to earth to save us from our sins. He has provided everything that we need to have our sins forgiven, but we must repent and believe in Him for this remission of sin. He is the Lord of lords and we must recognize Him as such, forsaking our opposition to His Lordship.
    Matthew 1:21; 4:17; John 6:28–29
  • Lord Jesus is the only way for us to have our sins forgiven and to receive eternal life. He is The Way, The Truth, and The Life. There is salvation in no one else, nor is there another name whereby we must be saved. We must confess that Jesus is Lord.
    John 14:6–7; Acts 4:12; 14:6; Romans 10:9–10

Review Questions

  • Why is Jesus’ birth a miracle?
  • Jesus is 100% man, but He does not have what?
  • How do we know that Jesus is God?
  • Why did Jesus die on the cross?
  • Jesus commanded us to do what to be saved?

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Firm Foundations One (6 of 55) What Is Sin?

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What Is Sin?

Sin is disobedience to God, and all mankind is guilty of sinning against God. Sin came when the first man disobeyed God’s one law. It was then passed on to all generations. God has also revealed to us His law, and when we disobey it we sin against Him. The charge for sinning against God is death. God’s love provided a way for our sin to be forgiven, and we can escape its punishment.
1 John 3:4; 1 Kings 8:46; Psalm 14:3; Romans 3:23; 1 John 1:8

Sin Is Passed On To Every Generation

  • Man was created good, but became sinful when Adam and Eve disobeyed God’s command. Therefore, sin did not come from God, but in opposition to God Himself and His law.
    Genesis 2:17; 3:6; Deuteronomy 32:4; James 1:13
  • Because of this, Adam and Eve became sinful beings. They were no longer good or innocent. Every person who is conceived after them would also inherit this sinful nature.
    Psalm 51:5
  • Every human being is born a sinner. Therefore, every part of who we are (thoughts, actions, emotions, desires, motives, physical bodies, attitude, etc.) is corrupted by sin. God sees all of our good as filthy rags. To God there is only good and bad, no middle ground.
    Romans 7:18; Jeremiah 17:9; Romans 3:11–12; Isaiah 64:6

Sin Is Disobedience To God’s Law

  • In the Old Testament, one part of the Bible that teaches us God’s law is called the “Ten Commandments.” Let’s look at a summary of God’s law with a tender conscience to see if you are guilty or not.
    Exodus 20:1–17

– You shall have no other gods before God, nor make unto thee any graven image. Have you always loved the true God above all else? Have you worshipped other gods, religions, or idols? Have you made a god in your mind?

– You shall not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain. Have you ever used God’s Holy Name as a curse word?

– Honor thy father and thy mother. Have you honored and obeyed your parents?

– You shall not kill, commit adultery, steal, bear false witness, or covet. Have you ever lied, stolen something (the value of the item is irrelevant), jealously desired what belongs to others, had an abortion or participated in sex outside of marriage?

  • In the New Testament, Jesus helps us understand that sinning is not just in our actions but also in our thoughts and attitudes.

– God considers hatred to be equal with murder.
Matthew 5:21–22

– Looking upon someone with lust is adultery.
Matthew 5:27–28

  • How did you measure up? Have you committed any of these? The Bible says if you have committed one, then you are guilty of all.
    James 2:10

Sin Is Punishable By Death And Eternal Separation From God

  • The day Adam sinned against God he started to die physically and was spiritually separated from God. This was also passed on to all of mankind.
    Isaiah 59:2
  • The consequence of sin is death. One day, every single person will die because every single person has sinned. After you die physically, you will be judged for your sin by God. Those found guilty (every person) will be cast into the lake of fire for all eternity, which is called the second death.
    Hebrews 9:27; Romans 5:12; Exodus 34:7
  • God hates all sin and evil because He is good, righteous and just. To be a righteous judge, He has to judge the sin of mankind. We are found guilty and must pay the price for our sin.
    Psalms 5:4–5; Proverbs 6:16–19; Genesis 18:25

Sin Is Forgivable And We Can Escape Its Punishment

1 Corinthians 15:21–22; Romans 5:12–19

  • Even though God hates sin, He still loves us and wants to redeem us from sin. God showed His love by sending His Son, Jesus Christ, into the world to save us.
    John 3:16; Romans 5:8

– Jesus was perfectly good or sinless—He never disobeyed God’s laws. He didn’t have to die, but He loved us so much that He willingly died on the cross to pay the price for our sin.
2 Corinthians 5:21

– Three days after Jesus’ death, He arose from the dead, proving everything that He had claimed was true, that He conquered death and sin, and that God accepted Him as our payment.
1 Corinthians 15:54–57

  • This forgiveness of sins is a gift from God. It is not earned, nor is it a reward for good works. We deserve death because of our sin, but God is willing to offer us forgiveness because Jesus paid our sin debt.
    Romans 6:23; Ephesians 2:8–9

Review Questions

  • What is sin?
  • Where did sin come from?
  • Are all of mankind sinners? Why?
  • What is the price for sin?
  • Can our sins be forgiven? How?

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Firm Foundations One (5 of 55) What Is Man?

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What Is Man?

Man is a being created by God. He was created for God’s glory, but mankind chose not to glorify his Creator. The price for this was death and separation from God. God loved mankind so much that He sent His son Jesus to restore them to Him. Now, man has the option to believe in Jesus and be restored, or continue to live in rebellion against His Creator.

Man Was Created By God

  • God created all things by speaking them into existence, but He created mankind and then breathed life into us. Therefore, mankind is different from everything else that He created.
    Genesis 2:7, 21–23; Psalm 139:14
  • God created us in His very image. Out of everything God created, mankind most resembles God Himself. God appointed man to rule over all of creation.
    Genesis 1:26–30
  • God created man as good and innocent. He did not create him as evil or sinful, but with a free will to obey or disobey His commands.
    Genesis 1:31; Psalm 25:12

Man Was Created For God’s Glory

  • Everything God created was for His glory. The heavens declare His glory and we also reflect His glory.
    Psalm 19:1; Isaiah 43:7
  • God is our Creator, the One who gave us life, so He is worthy of our glory, honor, and obedience.
    Revelation 4:11
  • God did not create us because He needed someone to glorify Him or because He was lonely, but because He wanted to share the joy of His glory with us. Because God is 100% good, we can have a joyful and loving relationship with Him.
    Psalm 16:11

Man Was Separated From God By His Disobedience

  • After God created man, He told him not to eat the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil or he would die. Adam disobeyed God’s single command. The price for that was death.
    Genesis 2:16–17; 3:1–24
  • That day, mankind started to die physically and was spiritually separated from God (he died spiritually). The punishment, being banished from the Garden and forbidden to eat from the tree of life, represents this truth.
    Genesis 3:24; 5:5; Ephesians 2:1; 4:18

– Man is made up of two parts: the physical and the spiritual, our body and our inner being, or the material and the immaterial.
1 Thessalonians 5:23–24; Hebrews 4:12; 1 Corinthians 6:20; Genesis 2:7; Proverbs 4:23

– Two deaths: The first death means you will physically die and your soul will pass from this life into eternity. The second death means you will be cast into the lake of fire. This is man’s final destination and he will forever be separated from God.
Revelation 20:14; 21:8

  • Because we have sinned and are separated from God, we cannot glorify Him as before. Our relationship with God needs to be restored before we can experience true joy.

Man Was Restored To God Through Jesus

  • Because of Adam’s original sin, all of mankind was born sinful. Therefore, God sent Jesus to pay the price for the sins of mankind and offers us the gift of restoration.
    1 Corinthians 15:21–22; Romans 5:12–19; John 3:16

– Jesus is the Son of God. He is 100% man and 100% God. He never sinned. He chose to die in the place of mankind so that our sins could be forgiven. He rose again from the dead proving He defeated death and sin.
Ephesians 2:5–10

– To accept this gift of restoration, you have to repent and believe in Jesus as Lord and Savior.
Acts 3:19; Romans 10:9–10

– After you die physically, your soul passes from this life to eternity where you will be with God forever.
2 Corinthians 5:6–10; Philippians 1:21

– Ultimately, our bodies will be changed, and we will have a new incorruptible body. We will be conformed to the image of Jesus.
Romans 8:29; 1 Corinthians 15:42, 52

  • Because of Jesus we can be restored to our original purpose of bringing God glory. Therefore, believers desire to serve, worship, and obey Him.
    Romans 12:1–2; John 4:23–24; 1 John 5:3
  • Because of the grace that God has shown toward us through sending His son Jesus, all of mankind should repent, believe in Jesus, and start glorifying God to experience the true joy that is in Him.
    2 Peter 3:9

Review Questions

  • Who created man?
  • In whose likeness was man created?
  • Why was man created?
  • What separated man from his Creator? Why?
  • How can man have a right relationship with his Creator?

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Firm Foundations One (4 of 55) What Is The Trinity?

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What Is The Trinity?

The Trinity is the belief that God is one but three persons: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. Therefore, the Father, the Son, and the Spirit are all one God, but the Father is not the Son or the Spirit; the Son is not the Father or the Spirit; the Spirit is not the Father or the Son.

The Trinity’s Meaning

  • God is three-in-one: This truth is grounded in Scripture, but as with many aspects of God, it cannot be completely understood because it surpasses our human knowledge (just like God being eternal — no beginning, no end — it surpasses our human understanding). Even though we cannot fully understand this truth, it is important to believe because the Bible teaches God is three-in-one.
    1 John 5:7
  • Each Person of the Trinity is God: God the Father is introduced in the very first verse of the Bible as Creator. As you read the Bible, most references to “God” are usually referring to God the Father. His Son, Jesus, is also God. We are introduced to Him and the Holy Spirit/Ghost in the New Testament. The Spirit is equally God and equal to the Father and Son.
    Genesis 1:1; Colossians 2:9; John 20:28, 31; 1 Corinthians 2:11; Matthew 28:19; Acts 5:3–4
  • Only one God, not three: This complex truth is that even though there are three persons who make up the trinity, there is only one God. We do not worship multiple “Gods” or believe that multiple gods exist. There is only one Supreme God, the God of the Bible. He is a triune God, which means He is three and yet only one.
    Deuteronomy 6:4; Isaiah 45:5; Romans 3:30; 1 Timothy 2:5; James 2:19
  • Different but Equal: Each person of the Trinity will have different roles and you will find them doing different things in the Bible, but you have to remember they are equal. If you reject any person of the Trinity you also reject all the other persons of the Trinity. For example, if you honor the Son you honor the Father, but if you don’t honor the Son you don’t honor the Father.
    John 5:19–23, 26

The Trinity’s Evidence

  • Evidence at creation: When God was making man, He referred to making man in “our image,” showing there was more than just one person. Also, all three Persons were involved at creation: The Father spoke the earth into being. The Son carried out those words. The Spirit “moved upon” creation.
    Genesis 1:2, 9–10; 26–27; John 1:3
  • Evidence at Jesus’ baptism: When Jesus we being baptized you also see that God the Father was speaking and God the Holy Spirit was resting on the Son, showing three distinct persons.
    Matthew 3:16–17
  • Evidence in the commission: We are commanded to baptize in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. These three individual names together show they are three but of equal importance.
    Matthew 28:19
  • Evidence in the different roles: Praying in the Holy Ghost, keep yourselves in the love of God, and look for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.
    Jude 20–21
  • Evidence at salvation: All three Persons are involved in salvation: The Father, in spite of our sin, is willing to forgive us and sent His only Son to die on the cross for us. The Son only does the will of the Father and willingly died in our place that we might receive the forgiveness of God the Father. The Holy Spirit, who was sent by the Father and the Son, opens our eyes to understand what Jesus did for us and gives us the choice to receive or reject the gift of salvation given by God through Jesus Christ.
    John 3:16–17; 6:38; 14:26; 16:7; Hebrews 10:10

The Trinity’s Importance

  • Understanding the truth of the Trinity is important because we only serve one God, not three. Christianity only believes in one God, not many. This one God is triune and eternal. These two characteristics are hard to grasp, but can be believed through faith.
  • Understanding the truth of the Trinity is important because each Person – Father, Son, Spirit – can only fulfill their position as God. If the Father is not God, then we do not know who created us. If the Son is not God, then He could not have died in our place. If the Spirit is not God, then He could not draw us to salvation.
  • Understanding the truth of the Trinity is important because the Bible would be contradicting itself if this were not true. Therefore, this is a cornerstone doctrine of the Christian faith.

Review Questions

  • What is the Trinity?
  • Do we believe in one God or multiple Gods?
  • Who is more important in the Trinity?
  • Can we completely understand the Trinity? Why?
  • Is each Person of the Trinity’s work the same? Why?

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Firm Foundations One (3 of 55) What Is God Like?

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What Is God Like?

God is the source of all life. He is eternal. He is the Creator of mankind. He reveals Himself to us and we know what He is like. Even though we cannot fully understand Him, He created us for a purpose and invites us to have a relationship with Him.

The Existence Of God

  • “In the beginning,” referring to the time before the world and mankind were created, God already existed.
    Genesis 1:1; John 1:1; Psalm 90:2
  • Who created God? No one created God. He has life in Himself. He is eternal. These truths are hard to grasp because they surpass our human understanding.
    John 5:26; Exodus 3:14
  • Nothing cannot create something, so in the beginning, something or someone had to exist, and that something or someone has to be eternal. The Bible teaches that someone to be God.
  • Everything that God has created, including you and me, is evidence to the existence of God.
    Romans 1:20–25

The Attributes And Character Of God

  • Who can tell us what God is like except for God? No one else existed in the beginning except Him. Therefore, for us to know what God is like, He must reveal Himself to us (God gives testimony to Himself).
    Isaiah 55:6, Exodus 33:18–33; Titus 2:11; Job 11:7–10
  • God is the true God and there is no other like Him. He is everything beautiful and the source of true happiness and joy.
    Jeremiah 10:10 Psalm 27:4
  • God is a spirit and invisible.
    John 4:24; 1:18
  • God is independent, unchanging, jealous, and sovereign.
    Acts 17:24–25; Numbers 23:19; Exodus 20:5; Isa. 48:11;Ephesians 1:11
  • God is omnipresent, omniscient, and omnipotent.
    Jeremiah 23:23–24; 1 John 3:20; Jeremiah 32:17
  • God is good, holy, perfect, righteous, and just.
    Luke 18:19; Psalm 99:9; Matthew 5:48;Deuteronomy 32:4
  • God is love, and God hates sin.
    1 John 4:8; Romans 1:18
  • We cannot fully comprehend everything about God because He is infinite and we are finite. If we could know everything about God, that would make us equal to or greater than Him. Therefore, we will never comprehend Him in His entirety.
    Psalm 145:3; 147:5; 139:6; 17–18; Romans 11:33-36

The Revelation Of God

  • God reveals Himself through natural revelation. This means that we can look at the world around us, the trees, the sky, the ocean, the animals, other people, the stars, the moon the sun, and all the complexities that true science discovers and know that there is Someone greater than ourselves, the true God.
    Psalms 19:1–6
  • Although this natural revelation points to the existence of a Creator God, it can only describe Him to a certain degree. Sin has ruined both the earth and mankind. The evil things of the world do not represent God and mankind now looks to material things for purpose, meaning, and worship instead of the Creator God.
  • The natural revelation of God should lead us to ask this basic question, “What is the reason for our existence?” Creation itself cannot justly answer this question, therefore, we need a supernatural revelation from God himself. Thankfully, God has answered our question and has revealed Himself and His will to us through supernatural revelation (angels, visions, prophets, the Bible, Jesus).
    Psalms 19:7–14; Hebrews 1:1–2; 11:1–3, Romans 1:16–22, 19
  • God revealed Himself through the Bible and His Son Jesus so that we could understand He created us to know Him and enjoy a right relationship with Him. This is similar to a parent choosing to have a child. The parents desire to have a loving relationship with their offspring, and not one of dissension and hate. Because God is perfectly good, the relationship with Him that is offered to us is also perfectly good.
    Isaiah 40:28; 43:7 Jeremiah 32:17; Ephesians 1:1–10
  • Understanding God’s supernatural revelation requires us to humbly come before Him with a heart of faith. Through the eyes of faith we can study God’s Word, the Bible and know His will. Through the ears of faith we can hear the call of God to believe in Jesus, the one who became flesh so that we could know God.
    Hebrews 4:2, 12; 11:3; 1 Timothy 3:16; 2 Timothy 3:15–17, Romans 10:17, 1 Peter 1:23; John 1:14, 18; Matthew 3:17, Luke 10:22; 19:10

Review Questions

  • Who created God?
  • Why did God create us?
  • How did God reveal Himself to us?
  • What characteristics does God have?
  • How can we know God?

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Firm Foundations One (2 of 55) What Is The Bible?

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What Is The Bible?

The Bible is the basis of all Christian beliefs. The Bible is truth and as such reveals God’s will to us. The three ways it instructs us are: understanding who God is, how to know Him, and how to live for Him.
John 17:17

The Nature Of The Bible

  • The Bible was originally written in three different languages: Hebrew, Greek, and Aramaic. Today, we have the Bible preserved in many languages.
    Psalm 12:6–7; 33:11
  • God wrote the Bible over the course of 1600 years using over 40 men. It has absolute unity from beginning to end because God is its one Author.
  • All of scripture is given by inspiration of God. (This means that God breathed it or put it into the men what they were to write.)
    2 Peter 1:20–21; 1 Thessalonians 2:13
  • The Bible contains two main parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament. These consist of 66 individual books. The Old Testament contains 39 books and the New Testament contains 27 books.
  • Both the Old and New Testaments reveal God to us. The Old Testament refers to the time before Jesus came, and the New Testament refers to the time after Jesus came. Each is needed to correctly help us understand the other.
  • The Bible is broken down into chapters and verses to help find different areas of the Bible for study and quick reference. These were incorporated by man.

The Authority Of The Bible

  • The authority of the Bible comes from the Bible itself. The words of the Bible are the words of God and there is no greater authority than God Himself. For who can be a witness of God except God?
    2 Timothy 3:16; 1 Corinthians 14:37
  • Since all the words of the Bible are the words of God, a person who does not believe or obey the Bible is saying that he does not want to believe or obey God; but to believe and obey the Bible is to believe and obey God.
  • Absolute truth is independent or truth by itself. It does not change based on human opinion. Relative truth is dependent. It does change based on human opinion. This means that for relative truth, two opposing sides can both be right. The Bible is a book of absolute truths. Therefore, it’s claims must be all true or all false, they cannot coincide with contradictory truths.
  • The Bible is sufficient for us to know God’s will and it is the only way for us to be certain about God’s will. There are no dreams, visions, or anything else that has higher authority than the Bible itself.
    Acts 17:11

The Books Of The Bible

  • The Old Testament (39 books): Genesis through Deuteronomy are the 5 books of the law. Joshua through Esther are 12 books of history. These 17 books together tell us about the history of God’s work and His people. Job through the Song of Solomon are 5 books of poetry or wisdom about the personal experiences of God’s people. Isaiah through Malachi are 17 books of the prophets that reveal God’s message to His people.
  • The New Testament (27 books): Matthew through John are the 4 gospels that tell us about the life and works of Jesus. Acts is 1 book that transitions from the gospels to the establishment of the church. Romans through Philemon are 13 books or letters written by Paul and then Hebrews through Revelation are 9 more books or letters written by multiple authors. These 22 letters show us how God is working today and will work in the future. Altogether, these books declare how God has kept and fulfilled His promises.

The Gospel Of The Bible

  • Mankind was Created by God: The story of the Bible starts in the beginning with God creating everything. He creates man in His image. Everything God created was good.
    Genesis 1:1, 27, 31
  • Mankind Sinned against God: The first man sinned against God; he chose not to obey. He was separated from God. Sin, death, and evil was passed upon all people.
    Genesis 2:8, 17; 3:6; Romans 5:12
  • Mankind Needed a Savior: God promised a Savior; therefore, He sent His sinless Son Who died for our sin and rose again to offer us forgiveness of sins and eternal life.
    1 Corinthians 15:45–49; Romans 6:23
  • Mankind’s Future: God will make all things new for those who have faith in Him. He will rescue them from sin, death, and evil. Everyone else will be eternally separated from Him.
    Revelation 21:4; 20:13–15

Review Questions

  • What is the Bible?
  • What are three ways the Bible instructs us?
  • Where does the Bible’s authority come from?
  • Is the Bible necessary for us to know God’s will? Why?
  • What is the Gospel of the Bible?

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