Tag Archives: Morals

Firm Foundations Five (55 of 55) What About War?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

What About War?

War is an armed conflict between two opposing sides, usually between states, nations, or groups within them. The general idea of war would be to enforce justice, using force to not allow evil to reign. Many have misused the idea of “using force” for other reasons, often leading to more injustice. Today, believers are put in a tough situation, but when its time for war, we must choose the pathway of justice.
Ecclesiastes 3:8

God And War

Exodus 15:3

  • God created everything good. Before mankind sinned, war was unnecessary because there was no sin in the world. If there was no sin, then there was no rebellion and no reason to use force to carry out justice. Thus, when sin entered into the world, war and the use of force to carry out justice became a necessity.
    Romans 3:10–18
  • God is good and just, thus He often used Israel to war against other evil nations as an act to carry out His judgments against them. These often “severe judgements” would stop the spread of evil and stand as a reminder that justice will be served.
    1 Samuel 15:3, Deuteronomy 13:15, 20:16–18, Numbers 31:17, Joshua 4:13
  • God condemns murder as sin. Murder is the unlawful, intentional, and premeditated killing of another human being. On the contrast, God allows a person to be killed by another human as a punishment of certain crimes and in war or the use of force to carry out justice.
    Exodus 20:13; 21:12, 15; 22:19; Joshua 4:13
  • God has given the use of war and force to carry out justice to the “higher powers” or the governments. The role of the government is to fight evil and reward good. God has given the government the authority to use force to carry out this role. Sadly, today many governments misuse this authority not to carry out their roles as God intended but to carry out their own ideologies or evil agendas.
    Romans 13:1–5
  • God will bring justice through war. Jesus will return with the armies of heaven and wage war against all the evil kingdoms of the earth to put an end to sin once for all. Justice will finally prevail. Jesus will reign as king. War will be over, forever.
    Psalm 7:11; Isaiah 2:4; Revelation 19:11–21

Christianity And War

  • Today, God works through the church, not Israel. Israel was a Theocracy, but the church is not. God commanding Israel to wage war against evil in the Old Testament was for a specific people, time, place, and purpose. No nation or church has or will be commanded to do this today.
    John 18:36
  • In the history of Christianity, there have been those who have waged war in the name of Jesus, but this has been wrong. Jesus never gives the church authority to wage war against anyone to expand or defend itself. Instead, our example is loving our enemies and willing to give our lives to expand the good news of the gospel.
    Matthew 5:9–16; 26:52–54; John 15:18–21
  • The church is involved in a spiritual war, not earthly wars with others. We are fellow soldiers in the faith, who wear the armor of God: truth, righteousness, the gospel, faith, salvation, the word of God, and prayer.
    Philippians 2:25; Ephesians 6:10–19; 2 Corinthians 10:3–4
  • Today, God gives the government the authority to act as His servants through bearing the sword. Thus, when believers are part of a nation that wages war against another nation for just reasons, they are not sinning through their participation, but being obedient citizens. 1 Peter 2:17
  • In every situation that includes “using force” we need to make sure we have wisdom and are going forward in prayer.
    Philippians 4:6–7

Answers To Tough Questions

  • When is war justified? For war to be justified, meaning something that Christians can take part in as citizens of a nation, there must be a just reason and intention. The offensive should be to stop injustice and the defensive would be to protect from the attack of others. The goal of all war ultimately should be peace.
  • Is it right to kill in war? War means to “use force,” thus killing is a natural result and not considered as murder. Those involved in a war need to be careful they do not cross the line of “active battle” to “needless killings” which would be murder. Also, being in war can have negative consequences, like it did for David.
    1 Chronicles 28:3
  • Can believers go to war? Yes, if you are the citizen of a country who is going to war for a just reason, then you are permitted to obey the governments order in going to war. Also, the Bible never condemns those who are in active military service, meaning from the perspective of the Bible there is no reason believers couldn’t be in the military.
    Matthew 8:5; 27:54; Mark 15:39–45; Luke 7:2; 23:47; Acts 10:1; 21:32; 28:16
  • Can believers refuse to go to war? Yes, depending on the reasons. If the war is unjust and you feel you would conscientiously be sinning against the teaching of the Bible by participating, then you should obey God first. If you just don’t want to go, the Bible would tell you to do the duties that are required of you as a citizen of that country.
  • Can believers use self-defense? Yes, believers can defend themselves against those who try to cause them or their families harm. But we shouldn’t take the law into our hands.
    Exodus 22:2–3

Review Questions

  • What is the purpose of war?
  • Why did God use war?
  • Today, who has the authority to wage war?
  • Does the church use war to spread God’s kingdom?
  • The church is involved in what type of war?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

Firm Foundations Five (54 of 55) What About Racism?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

What About Racism?

Racism is the unjust treatment of ethnic groups different from your own because they possess different human traits and capacities, often causing one to see himself as superior and others as inferior. All racism is a sin because all mankind is from the same human race that is created in the likeness of God and thus each is of equal importance. Believers are called to reject the evil thoughts and actions of racial prejudice, discrimination, and are called to love others as themselves.
James 2:4, 8

God And The Human Race

  • God created all mankind in His image. One of the most important truths to understand regarding this topic is that there is only one race, the human race, and all of us are created in the image of God. The Bible says God made all nations of men of one blood to dwell on all the face of the earth. This means all mankind, no matter what ethnic group, comes from Adam, the first man.
    Genesis 1:26–27; Acts 17:26–28
  • God is no respecter of persons. He does not favor one ethnic group of people over another. All mankind is equally loved by God. All mankind will be equally judged by God. All mankind has the opportunity to be redeemed through the same means—repentance and faith in Jesus.
    Deuteronomy 10:17–19; 1 Samuel 16:7; Acts 10:34–35; Romans 2:11–12; Ephesians 6:9
  • God divided mankind into two groups, Jews and Gentiles. After mankind sinned, God promised a way of redemption. Then He said that way of redemption would come through the line of Abraham. Through Abraham’s seed, Isaac, Jacob, and continuing, God separated them and considered them His chosen people to give us Jesus, the one and only way of redemption. They were called to obey God, be a kingdom of priests, and a witness to the nations.
    Genesis 3:15, 12:1–3; 32:28; Deuteronomy 4:37–38; 7:7–8; Joshua 22:5; Exodus 19:5–6; Jeremiah 13:11; John 4:22; 7:42
  • God broke down the middle wall of partition between the Jews and Gentiles. The Jews often failed at their task, but through the Jewish line of David, God brought forth Jesus, who through His death on the cross made it possible for both Jews and Gentiles to be reconciled unto God in one body. This one body is the church. In Jesus, we are one. Now, the only division that exists is believers and unbelievers.
    Romans 10:12–13; Galatians 3:26–29; Ephesians 2:14–22; Colossians 3:11
  • God loves the human race, including all various ethnic groups that exist or have existed. Before the throne of God, there will be a great multitude, which no man can number, of all nations, kindred, people, and tongues. God manifested his love toward mankind by sending Jesus to be the propitiation for their sins. As believers, we realize how much God loves us even though we weren’t deserving of it and commands us to love others in the same way.
    John 3:16; 2 Peter 3:9; 1 John 4:9–13; Revelation 7:9–10

The Bible And Slavery

  • The form of slavery the Bible approves of was regulated by the law of Moses, and often people who couldn’t pay their debts or who couldn’t provide for their needs on their own would voluntarily enter into slavery. For many, this provided a better way of life and opened more doors of opportunity. Masters were to give their servants that which was just and equal, knowing that they themselves were under the God of heaven.
    Deuteronomy 15:12–15; Ephesians 6:9; Colossians 4:1
  • The form of slavery the Bible condemns is that of forcing people into slavery, stealing people and selling them into slavery, or enslaving someone based on their ethnic identity, etc. In the Old Testament, the punishment for this kind of sin was death, and the New Testament confirms this form of slavery is sinful and the law was given to help protect against it.
    Exodus 1:7–11; 6:5; 13:14; 21:16; 1 Timothy 1:8–10

Answers To Tough Questions

  • Do some people use the Bible to teach racism? Yes, but no scripture teaches racism. False teachers, cults, and people who misunderstand the Bible will twist certain scriptures to teach their own type of racism to justify their mistreatment of a certain ethnic group. Racism is a result of sin and causes people to commit sin. It is not a truth taught in the Bible
  • What about racism because of culture? Racism is often a problem that is taught through one’s culture and it is hard to change their way of thinking about another ethnicity. Often people are racists toward another group because of characteristics they are born with and don’t have control over, such as skin color, nationality, gender, social status, and financial situation. As believers, we recognize we are all of one race and that our different characteristics are God-given and we will not be a respecter of persons.
  • What about racism because of unjust treatment? Racism is often caused because of a past or current circumstance that leads one group to hate the other. Mistreatment, heinous crimes, a war between countries, etc., can make a person bitter toward an entire ethnic group, even if the current generation had nothing to do with the accusations. As believers, we forgive because we are forgiven. We are called to forgive and love in the same way that we have been forgiven and loved by God.
    Matthew 18:21–35; Ephesians 4:32
  • How can I forgive others when they don’t deserve it? Those whom you discriminate against may not have done anything to deserve your forgiveness, but neither have we done anything to deserve God’s forgiveness. God forgave us because He was holy and we are called to be holy like He is holy.
    1 Peter 1:14–21
  • What about “interracial marriage”? Marriage is defined as one man marrying one woman, thus not requiring the same ethnicity of the two people who want to marry. Believers are only told not to marry unbelievers because it can negatively affect their spiritual walk with God.
    Matthew 19:4–5; 2 Corinthians 6:14

Review Questions

  • What is racism? Is it right or wrong? Why?
  • How many races are there?
  • Who does God love? How did He show His love?
  • What does the Bible teach about slavery?
  • How should believers respond to racism?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

Firm Foundations Five (53 of 55) What About Abortion?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

What About Abortion?

Abortion is the termination of a baby while it is still in the womb of its mother. All abortion is sin because all mankind from conception on are beings created in the likeness of God. Believers are called out of this sinful practice and are to uphold the value of life given by God.

The Significance Of Human Life

  • Children are a heritage of the LORD. God has the ability to open and close the womb. When God gives a women conception, a child exists. Therefore, life begins at conception. When the paternal chromosomes are united through fertilization to the maternal ones, its marks the beginning of a new life.
    Genesis 25:21; Psalm 127:3; Ruth 4:13
  • God is the source of everything that is alive and He is the one who created everything. Therefore, everything that has life should be regarded as a creation of God.
    John 1:1–3; Acts 17:24–29
  • Every person is fearfully and wonderfully made by the omniscient and omnipresent God. The Bible describes how God was involved in the intricate process of us becoming complete while we were in the womb. Therefore, any baby in the womb, no matter what stage, from conception on should be regarded as a human fearfully and wonderfully fashioned by the hands of a loving God.
    Psalm 139:13–18; Job 10:8, 11–12; 31:15; 33:4; Jeremiah 1:5
  • Every person, no matter the race, nationality, gender, or deformity, is given life by God. We have no right to abort a human life in the womb based on any of the above criteria. Life given by God triumphs all reasons for abortion and God can even use deformities for His glory.
    Psalm 51:5; Exodus 4:11; John 9:1–3
  • Every person is made in the likeness of God. If we honor God because of who He is, then we should also honor mankind because we are made in His likeness. We are not God, but we have certain attributes, like the ability to have real loving relationships, that separate us from other things God created and made us like Him. It is also on this basis that God says murder of a human life is wrong and is punishable by capital punishment.
    Genesis 1:26–28; 9:6–7; James 3:9
  • God’s law also gives insight that God considers a baby inside the womb as a life. If a man hits a woman that is pregnant and the baby comes out and dies, then that man was to also die. The baby is protected in the womb of the mother and anything causing the baby to come out, moreover, to cause its death, was a sin punishable by death.
    Exodus 21:22–25

The Believers Attitude

  • Believers live to love God with all their heart, soul, mind, strength, and to love their neighbors as themselves. Therefore, we see abortion as breaking both of these rules. It is not loving God because you are killing a life that is created by the hands of God and you are not loving your neighbor because you are participating in the sin of murder against them.
    Matthew 22:36–40; 1 John 4:19–21
  • Believers see all murder as an act that is against the will of God that stems from sin and is provoked by Satan. Believers don’t seek to take the life of others but give their lives for the benefit of others in the same way Jesus gave His life for us.
    John 8:44; 15:11–13

Answers To Tough Questions

  • Is there any circumstance that a person should get an abortion? No, and it doesn’t matter if you don’t want the baby, you broke the law by getting pregnant, the baby has a deformity, you can’t afford the expense of another child, the mother may die if she gives birth to the baby, you conceived a child in rape, you got pregnant on accident or the contraception failed, there is no reason before God to abort a baby.
  • Isn’t the baby just tissue or part of the mother’s body until it is born? No, once the chromosomes are united, it is a human life. The baby is not part of the mother’s body, but an individual that grows, forms, and develops in the protection of the mother’s womb. Therefore, terminating a pregnancy is not getting rid of unwanted tissue or part of your body, but it is killing a human life.
  • Are there certain types of abortion that are a legitimate options for people? No, anything that seeks to terminate a baby after the chromosomes are united is wrong. People can use measures to keep this uniting from happening, but any medical procedure or medicine that seeks to stop it after the baby is conceived is wrong.
  • Can I abort the baby because it isn’t the gender I want? No, abortion for the reason of gender selection is wrong. You can desire to have a child of a certain gender, but once the child is conceived and the gender is revealed, it is the will of God for you.
  • What happens to aborted babies? The Bible gives some evidence that babies who die will be redeemed by the grace of God. Either way, we know God will do what is just and right. Knowing this doesn’t validate the practice of abortion (because murder is being committed), but it is God working something good out of something heinous.
    Psalm 22:9–11; 2 Samuel 12:23; Galatians 5:19–21
  • What happens to those who commit abortion? If you had an abortion, were involved in the process of an abortion, or encouraged others to get an abortion for any reason, know that before God you are guilty of murder. Like all sin, the punishment is death and eternal separation from God. But there is good news, God loves you. He loves you so much that He sent Jesus to die in your place. Jesus already paid the price for your wrong doing. If you are not a believer, you need to repent and put your faith in Jesus. He will forgive you. If you are a believer, you need to repent and know that, in Christ, Jesus already has forgiven you and He wants you to have victory over the guilt, sorrow and pain that follows abortion. He no longer sees you as a murderer but as a righteous person whom He loves. One day you will be redeemed and reunited with your child.

Review Questions

  • When is a baby considered to be a human life?
  • Who is the source of all life? Who created everything?
  • Why is murder wrong?
  • What is a believer’s attitude towards abortion?
  • Is there any reason to commit abortion?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

Firm Foundations Five (52 of 55) What About Sexuality?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

What About Sexuality?

God’s will concerning a person’s sexuality and sexual behavior is clearly presented in the Bible. Any rejection of this is sin against God and His will for mankind. These sinful lifestyles (which include: fornication, homosexuality, pornography, transgender, bestiality) will be judged and those who habitually live in these sins and never repent will not inherit the Kingdom of God.

God’s Will Regarding Sexuality

  • God created man with two genders: male and female. Ones gender cannot be chosen, but it is automatically chosen as part of the natural process of reproduction that God created. Your gender upon birth is the will of God for your life. Therefore, any kind of modification, dissatisfaction, or trying to be another gender (transgender, cross-dressing) is sinning against the will of God.
    Genesis 1:27; Deuteronomy 22:5; Psalm 139:13–16
  • God’s original intent is for one man to marry one women during their lifetime (if one dies then they are free to remarry). All sexual behavior inside of this relationship is considered good, holy, and acceptable. Therefore, any sexual behavior (fornication, homosexuality, pornography, bestiality) outside of this relationship is sinning against the will of God.
    Genesis 2:24, 25; Hebrews 13:4; Ephesians 5:22–33

Identifying Sexual Sins

1 Corinthians 6:9–10; 1 Timothy 1:9–10; Ephesians 5:5–7; Revelation 21:8; 22:15

  • The Sin of Fornication: Sexual acts outside of the marriage relationship of one man and one woman. This includes sinning by having sex before marriage with the person you’re dating, sex with your family members, sex at parties, group sex, prostitution, etc.
    Leviticus 18:6–18; 1 Corinthians 5:1–8
  • The Sin of Adultery: Sexual acts with someone who is married but not their spouse.
    Leviticus 20:10
  • The Sin of Homosexuality: Sexual acts with those of the same gender, whether they are the passive or dominant partner.
    Genesis 19:1–29; Leviticus 18:22; 20:13; Romans 1:26–27; Jude 7
  • The Sin of Bestiality: Sexual acts with animals.
    Leviticus 18:23; 20:15–16
  • The Sin of Lust: Sexual acts entertained in the mind even with no physical contact.
    Matthew 5:27–28
  • All sexual sins will fall into the above categories, but they may also have other names; thus, we note that the Bible condemns all of the following as well: rape, molestation, sex slaves, pornography, orgies, sexual fantasies, child molesting, etc.
  • The Punishment for Sexual Sins: The punishment for all sin is death and eternal separation from God. Anything outside of God’s will for sexual behavior is sin. The Bible makes is clear what those sins are and says that those who habitually live in those sins without repentance and faith in Jesus will not inherit the Kingdom of God.

The Lifestyle Of A Believer

1 Corinthians 6:11; Ephesians 5:8–10; 1 Thessalonians 4:3–4

  • Believers have been washed, sanctified, and justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and the Holy Spirit. We used to live in these sinful lifestyles, but now we desire to live a holy life that is pleasing to the Lord.
  • Believers cannot be actively living unrepentant sexually immoral lifestyles. Before our salvation some of us were fornicators, homosexuals, and adulterers, but God set us free from that. Therefore, that should be our former lifestyle not our current lifestyle.

Overcoming The Sins Of Sexuality

1 John 1:9; Romans 12:2; Philippians 4:8; James 1:13–18

  • Realize that God made you the way you are. Understand that whatever your gender is, accordingly to your physical anatomy at birth, that it is the will of God for your life. Action: Ask God to forgive you of your dissatisfaction with your gender and choose to accept the way you were made. Then try to live with a distinction according to your gender: men live masculine lives and women live feminine lives (dress, behavior, etc.).
  • Realize sex was created by God and it is to be enjoyed, but God has also set boundaries for its use. Only in the relationship of marriage should one enjoy sex. Action: Ask God to forgive you for misusing sex for your own gratification and not living accordingly to His will. Then try to live with distinction, not entertaining sexual thoughts, or being involved in sexual activities until you are married. Once you are married, enjoy.
  • Realize that God does not tempt any man, but we are tempted when we are drawn away by our own lust and enticed. When lust hath conceived, it brings forth sin and sin brings forth death. Action: Ask God to help you be strong and do His will according to the power of the indwelling Holy Spirit. Then don’t think on sexual thoughts, but place yourself in situations where it isn’t easy to commit these sins and take practical steps to keep from looking at pornography, etc.

Answers To Tough Questions

  • Can a person be a homosexual, fornicator, or prostitute and be a Christian? Those who habitually live in this kind of sin and never repent will not inherit the Kingdom of God, even if they claim to be Christians. Believers who affirm the full authority of Scripture cannot also affirm relationships that the Bible says is sinful.
  • Can I only have sex with my spouse? Yes, the Bible confines all the pleasures of sexual acts to the marriage relationship of one man and one woman.
    Hebrews 13:4

Review Questions

  • How do you know God’s will regarding your gender?
  • Who created sex and should it be enjoyed? When?
  • What is God’s will for sexual behavior?
  • What is the lifestyle of believers?
  • What are ways to overcome the sins of sexuality?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

Firm Foundations Five (51 of 55) What About Alcohol?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

What About Alcohol?

Alcoholic beverages in the Bible and modern day alcoholic beverages are not the same. Wine in the Bible served a different purposes and was often a necessary part of culture. The Bible is consistent that any drink containing alcohol, if consumed, should be with caution because it has the potential to make you come under its influence. Drunkenness in the Bible is sin. Believers are not to be drunk or participate in activities where it takes place.

Wine Culture During Bible Times

  • The word for “wine” in the Bible has several words in the original languages that can mean a drink that is unfermented, fermented or both. Therefore it is sometimes hard to discern certain passages, so we must pay careful attention to context, the historical culture and compare scripture with scripture.
  • Biblical wine was often made through mixing water with fermented grape juice or a paste made from boiled grapes. If it was boiled then its alcohol would be gone. If the fermented juice was mixed with water, it diluted the alcohol content. Either way, the alcohol content was decreased or removed, which would help prevent drunkenness. The alcohol content today is often higher than it was in the Bible because of the distillation process.
    Proverbs 9:1–6
  • Wine was added to water to sanitize it. During the fermentation process certain acids are produced that kill bacteria. Therefore, when this paste (without the alcohol) or fermented juice was added to water it would make the water safe to drink.
  • Water could have been added to increase the flavor and to make the limited supply of fermented juice or paste last longer. Grapes, like any other crop, were seasonal and limited, so water was added to make more. Today, there is an unlimited supply of alcohol and it is readily available for most people.

Drunkenness In the Bible

  • Alcoholic drinks are personified as a mocker and a person who is raging. A person who is deceived by drinking these drinks and becomes intoxicated is not wise.
    Proverbs 20:1
  • We should avoid drunkenness and those who constantly drink. It can lead to laziness and eventually poverty. We shouldn’t let our hearts envy sinners, but be in the fear of the Lord all the day long.
    Proverbs 23:17–21; 1 Corinthians 5:11
  • Alcoholic drinks can be deceiving, dangerous and deadly. Drunkenness causes emotional, social, physical and mental problems. It can cause you to lose self-control and become enslaved.
    Proverbs 23:29–35
  • Drinking alcoholic drinks and becoming drunk can cause you to forget what is right and to make bad decisions and judgements.
    Proverbs 31:4–5; Isaiah 5:11–12, 22–23; 28:7–8
  • Drinking alcoholic drinks and becoming drunk opens the door for you to commit other types of sins that you normally wouldn’t commit if you were sober. It allows other people to sinfully take advantage of you. It puts you in state where you can’t glorify God because you don’t know what is happening.
    Genesis 9:20–21, 24–25; 19:31–38; Habakkuk 2:15
  • Drunkenness is a sin. Drunkards are unrighteous people who habitually sin through drinking alcoholic drinks and becoming drunk. The Bible clearly says that this type of person will not inherit the kingdom of God. Before salvation, this may have been your way of life, but as a believer you have been washed, sanctified and justified and can no longer walk in this manner.
    Galatians 5:19–21; 1 Corinthians 6:9–11
  • Believers are told not to be drunk with wine, but to be filled with the Holy Spirit. This means that we shouldn’t let wine or any other substance alter our consciousness through intoxication, nor should we think there is special communion with God through this state of mind. Instead we should be filled with the Holy Spirit, meaning that we are consciously allowing our lives to be controlled by the Holy Spirit through the Word of God.
    Ephesians 5:18–21; 1 Corinthians 6:12; 1 Peter 4:1–6; 2 Peter 2:19
  • Relying on alcohol for our feelings, comfort, or anything else is dangerous and replaces abiding in Christ. We should become dependent on nothing but God alone.
    John 15:1–11

Answers To Tough Questions

  • What does it mean to be drunk? It means the alcohol that has entered your body affects you to the extent of dulling your senses and mind causing you to lose control of your faculties and behavior. The more you drink, the more you are under its influence and the less control you have.
  • Can believers drink alcoholic beverages? Maybe, the Bible does not say that it is a sin to take a drink of a beverage that contains alcohol, but the Bible warns against drinking fermented drinks with high alcohol content (strong drink) because it has the potential to make you drunk. Each person will have to be fully convinced in his own mind.
  • Can we drink wine for medical purposes? Wine and grape juice both have medical benefits. In extreme cases, the Bible even recommends this. Many of the same medical benefits of wine can also come from drinking unfermented grape juice. Therefore, it would be safest to drink grape juice to avoid drinking too much and causing more health problems and sin through being drunk.
    Proverbs 31:6–7; 1 Timothy 5:23
  • How can I avoid becoming drunk? One way to guarantee never being drunk is to completely abstain from alcoholic drinks. There are plenty of Bible examples of people who completely abstained from alcohol, especially those in leadership positions.
    Leviticus 10:9; Numbers 6:3; Deuteronomy 29:4–6; Judges 13:4, 7, 14; Proverbs 31:4–5; Luke 1:13–15

Review Questions

  • Is wine in the Bible and modern day wine the same? Why?
  • Why was water added to wine?
  • What does the Bible teach about drunkenness?
  • Believers are told to be filled with what?
  • What is one way to avoid being drunk?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

Firm Foundations Five (50 of 55) What About Food?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

What About Food?

Food is a gift from God. It gives us personal enjoyment. It is part of sustaining our health and life. It helps define our cultures. It’s a way to fellowship with others, a way to celebrate, a reason for believers to give thanks to God. All food from plants or animals is permitted to be eaten and enjoyed by believers through faith and for the glory of God.

God’s Original Intent For Food In The Old Testament

  • When God created mankind and the animals, He gave them the plants to eat as food. God designed both to be eaters. All God created for food was good and they were to enjoy it through eating it.
    Genesis 1:29–30, 2:9
  • When mankind sinned against God through eating the fruit of the one tree that He forbade them to eat of, this caused death to enter the world. This resulted in it being harder to cultivate plant food to eat and now animals would die and could be used for food.
    Genesis 3:6; 3:17–19; 4:2
  • God eventually destroyed the earth through the flood and restarted sinful mankind with Noah and his family whom He saved on the ark. God blessed them saying that animals and plants could be used as food. God also put certain limitations on what animals they could eat.
    Genesis 9:1–7; 6:9–8:22
  • The Lord spoke to Moses and told him to command the children of Israel to follow certain dietary laws. The law deemed certain animals as unclean to eat for the Israelites. These laws were given to make Israel distinct from the other nations. Some of the laws were to keep Israel healthy and hygienic. These laws never applied to any other group of people outside of Israel.
    Leviticus 11:1–47

The New Testament Gives Freedom From All Food Laws

  • Jesus death on the cross changed everything, including the way that we look at food. Jesus came to build His church, and in the church, there is no difference between the Jews and the gentiles; therefore, all the food laws are no longer necessary. Some of the laws may still be healthy and hygienic to follow, but they are longer commands for Israel, nor do they apply to the church. This means every type of food, animal, or plant, can be eaten by believers.
    Mark 7:5–23; Acts 10:9–15
  • Even though we have freedom from all food laws and can eat any type of food, not every believer understands this truth, or they have grown up with habits or customs that are hard to break; therefore, they get offended when they see others eat certain foods. Thus the Bible tells us that we shouldn’t use our freedom to offend others. If we know eating a certain type of food will offend them, then we shouldn’t eat it in their presence.
    Romans 14:1–23
  • As believers, we are to eat with thanksgiving, knowing that it all comes from the Lord. Therefore, many Christians often pray before their meals so they can thank God for providing them the food they are about to consume. We shouldn’t allow the familiarity of thanking God for ours meals to be turned into a joke or just flippantly pray, but a time of sincere gratitude. Since we eat a few times throughout the day, we are constantly reminded to depend on God.
    1 Timothy 4:1–5; 1 Thessalonians 5:18; 1 Corinthians 10:31
  • As believers, we should be separated from the world and known as Jesus’ disciples by our love, not by what we do and don’t eat.
    John 13:35

Answers To Tough Questions

  • Are any foods forbidden for believers to consume? No, as believers, we need to mature in the faith and know what the cross has accomplished. A small part of it is that God allows us to eat anything if we eat it by faith, meaning that we know from the Bible it is okay to eat it and therefore our conscience isn’t convicting us that it is wrong. We eat and drink by faith for the glory of God. We are only told not to eat something if we know it offends someone.
    Romans 14:20–23
  • Can I choose to be a vegetarian or meat eater? Yes, the Bibles doesn’t command you to be either, but it does say that all food is permitted to be eaten. You should not be offended when others eat food you think shouldn’t be eaten nor should others offend you by eating food you think is wrong. As believers, you shouldn’t be offended, nor should you offend.
    Romans 14:2–3
  • Can we eat food offered to idols? Maybe, it depends on the circumstance. First, if you buy food in the market or an unbeliever invites you to a meal then you are free to eat the food without asking if it was offered to idols. But if they tell you that the food was offered to idols then you shouldn’t eat it. The reason is so that you don’t offend others. Second, if eating food offered to idols means you are participating in the religious ceremony of an idol then you shouldn’t eat it. The reason is because this is idolatry. Believers don’t participate in demonic activity.
    1 Corinthians 8:4–13; 10:17–33; Revelation 2:20
  • Can we eat food with blood? Yes, there is nothing in the Bible that prohibits believers from eating or drinking blood. There was a prohibition in the Old Testament against eating blood and the church leaders told the new Gentile believers not to eat it because it would offend the Jews, but if it does not offend anyone, then we are free to eat or drink anything.
    Leviticus 17:14; Acts 15:20; Colossians 2:16
  • What is the sin of gluttony? Gluttony is when a person habitually eats excessively. He often waste his money on food indulgence or harms his body through eating to the point of causing health issues. This person does not show self-restraint and is addicted to eating, much like a person who is addicted to alcohol. Gluttony and drunkards are often connected in the Bible. Both are wrong.
    Deuteronomy 21:20; Proverbs 23:2, 20–21; 28:7; 1 Corinthians 6:19–20

Review Questions

  • What was God’s original intent for food?
  • Does God approve of mankind eating food from plants and animals?
  • What are some of the Old Testament dietary laws? To whom were they given?
  • Are believers free from the dietary laws? Why?
  • What is a believer forbidden to eat? When should we choose not to eat?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

Firm Foundations Five (49 of 55) What About Money?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

What About Money?

Money is a tool that we use to glorify God. Money has great influence because it gives us power to obtain things, but it ultimately can only offer us a false security and can do nothing concerning the world to come. Believers don’t love or serve money. Our contentment is found in God through Jesus Christ. We work hard to earn our money, use it to bless others through giving, and manage it in a way that brings glory to God.

Believers’ Relationship With Money

  • Believers should not love money. Money is neutral, meaning that it isn’t good or bad in itself. But the “love of money” is the root of all kinds of evil, meaning it leads to many types of errors and sins. Rich people often fall into many problems because they often have a love for money that causes them to make many foolish decisions. Money has hindered people from believing in Jesus and some have even turned away from serving Jesus to follow after money. Believers should flee from the love of money and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, and meekness.
    Matthew 13:22; Mark 10:23; 1 Timothy 6:9-11
  • Believers should not serve money. Our focus is towards heaven, thus we are working to lay up treasures in heaven and not material wealth here on earth. All earthly treasure will one day be ruined, but heavenly treasure will last forever. Also, our hearts follow our treasure. Where we decide to invest will affect the direction our hearts go. To be heavenly focused, means to serve God. To be earthly focused, means to serve money. You can’t serve both. Believers choose God because He is the most important thing in our lives, not money.
    Matthew 6:19-24; 19:16-30; Exodus 20:3
  • Believers should be content. Our contentment is not based on how much money we have or don’t have. Having food and clothes should be enough for us to be content concerning material possessions. We brought nothing into this world and we will take nothing out. False teachers believe that to be godly means having great gains or they use godliness to obtain great gains, but the Bible is clear: godliness with contentment is great gain. Ultimately, God is the source of our contentment.
    1 Timothy 6:5-8; 2 Corinthians 3:5; 9:8; Philippians 4:11-13, 19; Hebrews 13:5
  • Believers should find true riches in God. The riches of God’s goodness, forbearance, and longsuffering led us to repentance. We have redemption through His blood and the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace. Through saving sinners like us, He made the riches of His glory known. He raised us up together and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus that in the ages to come He might show the exceeding riches of His grace in His kindness toward us through Christ Jesus.
    Romans 2:4; 9:22-24; 11:33; Ephesians 1:7, 18; 2:6-7; 3:16; Philippians 4:19

Believers’ Responsibility Towards Money

  • Believers should work hard to earn their income. Those who have the opportunity to work and don’t because they are lazy, shouldn’t eat. We represent Jesus and should work hard and diligently, so that we can earn our own living to take care of ourselves and our family. We are not to be characterized as looking for free handouts but as hard workers who rightfully manage our money.
    2 Thessalonians 3:10-15; 1 Timothy 5:8
  • Believers should be generous givers. In Christ Jesus, we have been given so much, that giving becomes part of who we are. We recognize all that we have comes from God and we choose to use it for His glory. We give to others in need, to the poor, to our local churches, etc. We give cheerfully and willingly thanking God for all He has done.
    2 Corinthians 9:6-8; 1 John 3:17-18; Philippians 4:15-16

Answers To Tough Questions

  • What about Israel and their material blessings and riches? God blessed Israel in the Old Testament through giving them land and the possessions of the land. But the church is not Israel and we have been given a new understanding and new ministry in Jesus Christ. Today, God blesses us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ.
    1 Kings 3:11-13; 2 Chronicles 9:22; Ephesians 1:3; Hebrews 8:6
  • Can believers be rich and wealthy? Yes, it is not a sin to have a lot of money, but the Bible commands those who are rich to not be arrogant and to not put their trust in their riches. Riches are uncertain, meaning they come and go. As believers, we put our hope in God, the one who gives us all things to enjoy.
    1 Timothy 6:17-18
  • Can believers go into debt? Yes, but it is not recommended. Believers should do their best not to go into debt unless they have no other choice because it makes you a slave to the lender. If a believer does borrow money, he should pay everything back according to the terms that were agreed upon.
    Romans 13:8; Proverbs 22:7; Psalm 37:21
  • Can believers lend money? Yes, but we should never use the situation to take advantage of others, especially the poor. Jesus tells us that when we lend we are not to expect anything in return as a way to demonstrate that we are children of the Highest. In return, He says He will reward us greatly. The gospel changes the way we do things, including how we borrow and lend money. We don’t charge high interest for personal gain or to hurt others. Often we should give without expecting anything in return. Other times we will need to forgive when others cheat us out of our money. The Old Testament teaches that Israel wasn’t allowed to charge interest to other Israelites and they couldn’t charge interest on any loan to the poor. In most situations, especially within interpersonal relationships, it would be wise to follow their example.
    Matthew 5:42; 18:23-35; Luke 6:35-38 (Exodus 22:25; Deuteronomy 15:1-8; 23:19-20; Psalm 15:5; Proverbs 28:8)
  • Do believers have to pay taxes? Yes, God has ordained the collection of taxes by the government. Believers are to pay taxes to the government because they serve in this position of authority and use the money to fulfill their duty.
    Romans 13:6-7; Matthew 17:24-27; 22:15-22
  • Can believers gamble? Gambling is not directly condemned in the Bible but there are many principles that show it is unwise and potentially dangerous. The enticement of gambling is getting rich quick, and the Bible warns against this. Gambling can become addictive, causing people to be controlled by it and lead to wasting money. Also, the gambling environment is often surrounded around other sinful activities for believers.
    Proverbs 13:11; 23:5; Ecclesiastes 5:10

Review Questions

  • Should believers love or serve money? Why?
  • Believers should find true riches in whom?
  • Believers should do what to get money?
  • Should believers seek to get rick quickly?
  • Believers should be generous what? Why?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

Firm Foundations Five (48 of 55) What About Music?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

What About Music?

Music is a way for believers to praise God, as well as, to teach and admonish one another. Therefore, music is an expression that we use to edify one another and collectively or individually worship God. Believers have a “new song” that they sing because of the wonderful change that took place in their life through the saving grace of the Lord Jesus.
Palms 96:1–13

Understanding Music

  • Music in and of itself is not good or bad. It is simply the vocal or instrumental sounds that are played individually or together to produce sounds and to express an emotion. Therefore, believers should give attention to the musical sounds of the instruments, the sound of the vocalist, and the lyrics of a song so that all is done for the glory of God.
    1 Corinthians 10:31
  • Musical style varies between cultures, time periods, ages and people’s personal preferences. The Bible does not command any certain style of music to be used by believers or for use in the church. Therefore, the style of music used among believers and in local churches around the world will be different and always changing.
  • For believers, musical lyrics should be in agreement with the Bible. Believers should use proper judgement and see music as godly, bad, or neutral. Godly music contains lyrics that are in agreeance with the Bible. Bad music contains lyrics that are contrary to the Bible. Neutral music contains lyrics that aren’t pro or anti-scripture, but are innocent for entertainment or cultural purposes.

Music In The Bible

  • Music functions in the following ways: teaching, admonishing, expressing joy, thanksgiving, praise, worship, prayer and witness.
    Psalm 72:20; 92:1–3; Colossians 3:16; James 5:13; Acts 16:25
  • Musical instruments in the Bible fall into three main categories: percussion, stringed, and wind.
    1 Chronicles 16:5; 2 Chronicles 5:12–14; 1 Kings 10:12
  • Music in the church falls into three categories: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs. These are vocal songs that are recorded in Scripture, part of church history and songs that are being written today.
    Ephesians 5:19
  • Music is often accompanied by loudly singing out to God, dancing, and body gestures (raising your hands, etc.) that help one express their emotions; at the same time, it is to be done acceptably with reverence and godly fear.
    Psalm 98:4; Exodus 15:20–21; 1 Chronicles 15:16; Hebrews 12:28–29

Music Principles For Believers

  • Believers should sing together as a congregation and individually. Just like every believer should read their Bible and pray, we should also including singing unto the Lord as part of our worship. When we come together as a church, we should sing unto the Lord for worship and edification of the body.
    Psalm 42:8; 149:1
  • Believers should sing to the Lord. When Believers praise God through music, they should be focused on singing to God himself and not trying impress others around them.
    Colossians 3:16; Psalm 34:3
  • Believers should sing to the Lord from their heart. This is an internal realization of all that God has done in your life and responding with a passionate outpouring of song to God. Colossians 3:16; Ephesians 5:19
  • Believers should play instruments skillfully and with distinction in the sounds. Those who have the ability to play instruments should play to the best of their ability as to represent their Lord well and so others know what is being played.
    Psalms 33:3; 150:4–6; 1 Corinthians 14:7–8
  • Believers should sing with understanding. We need to think about, understand, and mediate on the message of the lyrics so that we can truly praise God. Lyrics should be foremost and the instruments should not distract from it but support it.
    1 Corinthians 14:9–12

Answers To Tough Questions

  • Can a believer listen to non-Christian music? Yes, there is no prohibition in the Bible for Christians to listen to non-Christian music. If the music is promoting sin, causing you to think evil thoughts, or goes against the teachings of the Bible then you should not listen to it. Listening to or singing innocent music for entertainment, education, celebrations or cultural reasons is okay for believers. We should control what occupies our mind.
    Philippians 4:8; Colossians 3:2, 5; 2 Corinthians 10:5
  • Are certain instruments, styles, or beats of music wrong? No, the Bible never says that certain instruments, styles, or beats are wrong, sensual, or sinful. Obviously, if listening to a certain one tempts you to do wrong, then you personally should not listen to it.
  • Should certain music be avoided because of its associations? Maybe, because we live in a sinful world, all genres of music have bad things associated with it. Each believer has the right to choose based on their personal preference concerning the situation.
  • Should certain music artists be avoided because of their lifestyle? Maybe, because this question will be answered differently for each person. You should apply the same principles that you do when choosing to cheer for a sports player, eat at a restaurant, or watch a movie. Often in these circumstances, our conscience acts as our guide and if we have doubts, then we should avoid it. If you don’t have doubts and it isn’t going to be offensive to your weaker brother, then you don’t have to avoid it.
    John 17:11-15; Romans 14:1, 10, 22-23

Review Questions

  • Music is an expression that helps us accomplish what two things?
  • Is music good or bad? Why?
  • For believers, musical lyrics should be in agreement with what?
  • What are the functions of music?
  • What are the music principles for believers?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

Firm Foundations Five (47 of 55) What Is Christian Ethics?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

What Is Christian Ethics?

Christian ethics is the idea that a believer’s behavior should be governed by the truths and principles found in the Bible. Our new manner of living is only made possible through the power of the gospel and the indwelling Holy Spirit. Even though the Bible does not cover every situation in detail, we are to trust it as our standard for making the right decisions in all situations.
Colossians 3:1–6; John 14:26; 1 John 2:27

The Meaning Of Christian Ethics

  • Ethics are the principles of obligation that govern a person’s, group’s, or society’s behavior. For believers, the principles of obligation are based on the moral principles found in the Bible. Morals indicate what is right or wrong and what is good or bad. These morals should be derived from the Bible and not based on what a person, group, or society finds acceptable or unacceptable.
  • Ethics are based on the Bible because God is the source of all things good and because we live in a sinful world. Therefore, we cannot base our understanding of right and wrong on what the majority of people think is normal or abnormal. We are called to be different from the world, which will result in us having different understandings of morality.
  • Christian ethics are the moral principles of obligation found in the Bible that govern a believer’s behavior. As we live our lives, we should constantly depend on the Bible as our standard for guiding our decision making process.

The Confusion In Christian Ethics

  • When a believer makes decisions he can look to the Bible to help guide him. The Bible presents certain things as being right or as being wrong. It is black and white. Everyone has the same obligation to these areas. Some things in the Bible are neutral. They are grey. Everyone doesn’t have the same obligation to these areas. It is okay for some people and it is wrong for others, depending on if it violates other clear teaching.
  • The Bible doesn’t explain what a believer should do in every circumstance. Therefore, when confronting an issue in society this can cause confusion or disunity among believers. We must remember that the Bible allows each believer to be fully persuaded in his own mind. This means that through Bible study, applying biblical principles, and asking for spiritual counsel from godly leadership, each believer has the right to make his own decision to the best of their ability.
  • Christian ethics is more than figuring out what is right and wrong so that you can live a good life. It is understanding what is right so that you know what pleases God and displeases Him. Our motives in obeying are just as important as obeying. God is concerned with the action and the motive.
  • When a believer applies Christian ethics to his life and makes a decision that isn’t black or white, he has to be careful not to force that decision on others as if it were black or white. Areas that are neutral can become traditions that we judge others by. We must be careful not to judge other Christians with our traditions or with things that are not the clear will of God.
    Matthew 15:3

The Application of Christian Ethics (Biblical Principles)

  • The Principle of Doctrine: As believers, we are to hold fast to all clear teachings of the Bible. If we know to do good and right, but don’t do it, it is sin. Also, we don’t want to just obey the exact wording of a rule but also the spirit behind it. Question: Am I doing right in light of the clear teachings of the Bible?
    James 4:17
  • The Principle of Motive: As believers, we are to have the right motives in everything that we do, chiefly that of glorifying God. Question: Am I desiring to glorify God though this?
    1 Corinthians 6:20; 10:31
  • The Principle of Body: As believers, our bodies are the Lord’s. We are temples of the Holy Spirit. Question: Am I going to defile my body through sexual sins, harmful substances, or neglecting healthy habits?
    1 Corinthians 6:13–19
  • The Principle of Separation: As believers, we are called to be different from unbelievers, and not have fellowship with those who are involved in evil works. Question: Am I abstaining from evil or the appearance of evil?
    2 Corinthians 6:14–18; Ephesians 5:11–12; 1 Thessalonians 5:22
  • The Principle of Others: As believers, we are not to offend others, make them weak, or cause them to stumble. We should seek the profit of others more than the profit of ourselves. Question: Am I making decisions that will build others up or tear them down?
    Romans 14:19, 21; 15:1–3; 1 Corinthians 10:24; 10:32–33
  • The Principle of Addiction: As believers, we should never do something that could take control of our lives and cause us to sin. Question: Am I allowing things to control me or could it control me?
    1 Corinthians 6:12
  • The Principle of Conscience: As believers, if we believe something to be wrong then we shouldn’t do it. If we learn that it isn’t wrong, we can do it by faith. Question: Am I violating my conscience by doing this?
    Romans 14:20, 22–23; Romans 14:5; 1 Corinthians 10:25, 31
  • The Principle of Authority: As believers, we are to be subject to the authorities in our lives, recognizing they are ordained of God. Question: Am I unjustly going against the authority in my life?
    Romans 13:1
  • The Principle of Self: As believers, we should be growing in the Lord and do things to edify us spiritually. Our actions have consequences and we need to consider their implications. Question: Am I going to be edified through this?

Review Questions

  • What are Christian ethics?
  • What are Christian ethics based on?
  • God is concerned with what two parts?
  • We have to be careful not to do what?
  • What are the nine principles that can help you make decisions?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

Firm Foundations Five (46 of 55) What Is A Christian’s Relationship To The Law?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |

What Is A Christian’s Relationship To The Law?

The law of the Old Testament is a holy set of rules given to Israel to regulate their entire way of life as the people of God until the fulfillment of time came in Jesus Christ. Once Jesus fulfilled the law, the people of God were set free from it and called to live righteous lives being motivated, not by fear of consequence, but of love for God and others.
Psalm 119:97–104

Understanding The Law Of The Old Testament

  • The law of the Old Testament, known as the Mosaic Law, is a system of rules specifically given to the people of Israel to regulate their actions. It was not given for all people for all the time.
    Leviticus 26:46; Romans 9:4; The Law for Gentiles: Romans 2:12–16
  • The law of the Old Testament was given to show that God was holy and the people of Israel, who were the chosen people of God, should also be holy, making them distinct from the other people of the world. It outlined an entire way of life to show they were God’s chosen people.
    Exodus 19:5–6; Leviticus 19:1–2; 20:7–8
  • The law of the Old Testament is one unit made up of over 600 laws, commands, ordinances, statutes and judgements. Each law had a special purpose: some made clear what was right and wrong; some gave instruction on what to do to provide forgiveness for sinning against God; some regulated how they were to dress and eat; some commanded certain feasts and festivals to be celebrated; others were like judicial and civil law that governed the people living at that time and culture.
    Exodus, Leviticus, Deuteronomy; James 2:10
  • The law of the Old Testament provided a way for Israel to temporarily atone for their sins. The law required the death of the sinner as the punishment for sin, but it allowed the death of animals and certain sacrifices to temporarily atone for their sins. It could never make a person perfect; therefore, the law was just a shadow of the good things to come.
    Leviticus 1–7; Hebrews 10:1–4
  • Sin and death entered the world when Adam sinned against God. Sin and death reigned from Adam to Moses even though the law wasn’t given yet. The law then was given so that there would be a greater knowledge of sin. It provided standard to understand sin and that sin by the commandment might become exceedingly sinful.
    Romans 3:20; 5:12–14; 7:7–13; Galatians 3:24

Jesus Fulfills The Law

  • Delivered From The Law: The law is powerful because of its consequence for sin—death. But when that consequence has been fulfilled, then it has lost all its power. Therefore, according to the will of God, Jesus offered His own body as the sacrifice for sin once for all. It is through this perfect single sacrifice for sins that we, through faith, can be made perfect forever. The law can no longer condemn us for doing wrong because the price has been paid in full.
    Hebrews 10:5–14; Romans 7:1–6
  • Righteousness By Faith: The law is good and holy, and if one could keep the whole law he would be declared righteous, but the law ultimately shows us that no one could attain righteousness through it. Jesus put an end to our efforts of trying to achieve righteousness through keeping the law and tells us that He will freely give us His righteousness through faith.
    Romans 8:3–4; 10:4–13; Galatians 2:16; 3:13–14; 23–26
  • Abolishing The Separation: The law of the Old Testament was given to the Jews and it made them distinct from everyone else (Gentiles). But Jesus, through His death, abolished the law thus breaking down the middle wall of partition between us. The law is no longer a barrier between us but anyone who has faith in Jesus can draw near to God.
    Ephesians 2:11–22

Not Under The Law, But Under Grace

  • Fulfilling The Law: Jesus came not to destroy the law but to fulfill all the things concerning Him that were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the Psalms. He accomplished this through His life, death, burial, and resurrection. Therefore, even though the law should always be respected as the Word of God and is profitable for us today, it is no longer binding over the people of God.
    Matthew 5:17–18; Luke 24:44; Galatians 3:10, 13
  • Free From The Law: Believers are free from the law, which means that the strength of the law, its consequence, no longer exist. We are freed to live without fear of consequence for breaking the law. We will never come under condemnation again. God allows His people to live in the realm of His free and unmerited favor, to live in His grace.
    Romans 6:14; 8:1; Hebrews 10:15–18
  • Servants Of Righteousness: Freedom from sin and allows us to become the servants of righteousness. Even though the consequence for sin was taken away it doesn’t make sin no longer sin. Before the law was fulfilled, the majority of it contained temporary commands for Israel. Once it was fulfilled those parts of the law are no longer necessary or binding because they have been established. Other parts of the law contained permanent commands, meaning those sins were sins before the law and are sins after the law. It is these commands or sins that are always wrong and believers are not to commit them because they are against God. The New Testament gives us light into which parts of the law are permanent (these actions are wrong in every generation) and which parts were temporary (these actions are wrong only during a certain period of time).
    Romans 3:26; 6:1; 15, 18; 8:4; Colossians 2:16–17; Galatians 5:19–25
  • Love Is The Greatest Command: Today, believers, through the power of the Holy Spirit, are to obey the two great love commands: (1) love the Lord your God with all your heart, soul, mind, and strength; (2) love your neighbor as yourself. Our lives should be governed by these two commands, and if they are, then we don’t have to worry about sinning. We don’t want to sin because we are trying to love God and love others.
    Matthew 22:36–40; Mark 12:28–31; Galatians 5:13–14; 6:2; 1 John 4:7–8; 5:3; Deuteronomy 6:5; Leviticus 19:18

Review Questions

  • To whom was the law given?
  • What was the purpose of the law?
  • Who fulfilled the law? How?
  • Are believers under the law? Why?
  • What are the commands for believers?

Book 1 | Book 2 | Book 3 | Book 4 | Book 5 |