22:6-21 Final Reminders, Blessings And Curses
Memory Verse: Revelation 22:7
22:6-13 Edification And Blessings For Believers
- 22:6 One of the seven angels who had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues continued talking with John saying: (1) These sayings are faithful and true—the prophecies of this book are truth and they will be fulfilled. (2) The Lord God of the holy prophets sent His angel to show unto His servants the things which must shortly be done—God himself wanted His servant to know what will take place in the future and what definitely will take place, so that we can take action today about how we are to live.
- 22:7, 14a Obey: Jesus reminds us saying, “Behold, I come quickly.” His return is imminent—we don’t know when He will return but He could return at anytime. Then He offers a blessing saying, “Blessed is he that keeps the sayings of the prophecy of this book.” In the first chapter of Revelation we are told anyone who reads or hears and keeps the things which are written in the prophecy of this book are blessed. Now, again in the last chapter we are reminded, with the focus being on “keeping” the sayings of this book. From beginning to end, believers should pay attention to everything that is recorded, repenting of any sins we find in our lives, longing for the return of our Lord Jesus and warning unbelievers of the eternal damnation that awaits them if they don’t repent.
- 22:8-9 Worship: John confirms it is he who saw and heard these things. Then being overwhelmed by the greatness of what he saw and heard, as well as, forgetting his earlier mistake, he fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which showed him these things. Then the angel said to John not to worship him but to only worship God. The angel rightly reminded John that even though he is an angel he is still just a fellow-servant just like John, the brethren the prophets and of those who keep the sayings of this book. Worship is a proper response to what John saw but only if it is directed at the proper object. All creatures should reserve all worship for their Creator, not each other.
Exodus 34:14; Matthew 4:10; Revelation 19:10
- 22:10-11 Proclaim: The angel continues and tells John not to seal the sayings of the prophecy of this book because the time is at hand. The message is urgent and there is nothing hidden in its message, but it is to be proclaimed. John could not hide this revelation but was to give it to the churches to be taught and preached so all the saints could hear the prophecy of this book. Every generations until Jesus returns should heed this call and teach the book of Revelation. Anyone who forbids its teaching is not keeping the sayings of this book. People will respond to the preaching of this book, some will reject it (he that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still), but others will accept it and strive to live their lives in accordance with it (he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still).
- 22:12-13 Serve: Again Jesus reminds us saying, “Behold, I come quickly.” Then He tells us that His reward to give every man is with Him. The rewards will be given according to the work each man has done. With the understanding that Jesus could come back at any moment, and that He is going to reward us for the works we have done, we should be motivated to start living a life of service for Him today. Finally, Jesus states that He has the authority to be to distributor of the rewards because He is the “Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last”—The Eternal Sovereign One!
22:14-21 A Longing For Jesus’ Return And Sinners’ Repentance
- 22:14-15 Two Kinds of People: John then writes another blessings saying, “Blessed are they that do his commandments.” This blessing means that they have the right to the tree of life (eternal life), and they will enter in through the gates into the city (eternal destination with God). Then as a reminder, so we don’t forget, not everyone will receive this blessings—those who are habitual sinners (sorcerers, whoremongers, murderers, idolaters, whosoever loves and makes a lie) without repentance and faith in Jesus are like the dogs who live without the city. Their final destination is the lake of fire (eternal death—separation from God).
- 22:16 Jesus confirms it is He who sent His angel to testify unto John these things so he can give them to the churches and the church is to give its message of hope and judgement to the world. This is encouraging because the message of this book isn’t just from an angel, but from Jesus Himself—identified as King David’s ancestor (the root of David) and descendent (the offspring of David)—this is impossible unless you are the God-man (100% God and 100% man). He also said He is the bright and morning star—meaning He is the Messiah, the Light of the world.
Mark 12:35–37; 2 Samuel 7:12–16; Psalm 132:11–12; John 8:12
- 22:17 An Invitation: The Holy Spirit and the church (the bride) say, “Come.” They are longing, desiring and waiting for the Lord Jesus to return. Then there is an invitation for “him that hears” to say, “Come.” If you aren’t already one who is looking for the return of Jesus, you can be. The invitation is open for anyone who is thirsty (realize your need for Jesus because of your sin) to come (to repent) and take the water of life (faith in Jesus’ death, burial and resurrection alone) freely (through grace not of works). Jesus through the written word of Revelation is calling you to repent and put your faith in Him. He is giving you the opportunity to become His child and Him to become your God.
- 22:18-19 John closes the book of Revelation with a warning. He prohibits any person that hears the words of the prophecy of this book to add to or take away form it. Just like all of scripture we are to obey it “as is” without changing it. If a person does add to it they will be treated like unbelievers in judgement (God will add unto him the plagues that are written in this book). If a person takes away from it they will suffer the lake of fire (God will take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book). This book should be proclaimed and obeyed as truth.
Deuteronomy 4:2; 12:32
- 22:20 Jesus, the one which testified these things ends the book of Revelation assuring us that He will come again saying, “Surely I come quickly.” John responds looking forward to that day saying, “Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.” We should join him in this saying.
- 22:21 Finally, the last verse of the book of Revelation ends with “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.” It is only through finding God’s grace that our lives can be changed and we can obtain the blessings talked about in this book.
- Jesus first blessing is for those who do what?
- The angel tells John not to do what about the sayings of the prophecy of this book?
- There are what two kinds of people?
- What happens if you add or take away from this book?
- The invitation is open to repent and believe Jesus, are you willing?
21:1-22:5 Eternity In The New Heaven, Earth And Jerusalem
Memory Verse: Revelation 21:3-4
21:1-8 God Makes All Things New: The Believers’ New Reality
- 21:1-2 After John saw unbelievers condemned at the great white throne judgment, he saw a new heaven and earth. The old ones had already ceased to exist. These new ones are different from the old ones because it has no sea, which means there in no hydrological cycle and things will work differently there. Then he saw a new Jerusalem (the holy city) coming down from God out of heaven. This is new because it is not the historical or millennial city of Jerusalem, but it most likely the one already in existence in heaven where Jesus is preparing a place for us. The city is ready for believers to eternally dwell in it just like a bride adorned is prepared for her husband.
Revelation 20:11; Isaiah 65:17; 66:22; John 14:1–3
- 21:3-4 John heard a great voice out of heaven declaring that the former things are passed away and everything is new, which means: (1) God’s tabernacle or dwelling place will be with believers and God will dwell among them. We will live in and enjoy the very presence of God Himself. (2) Believers will be God’s people and He will be their God—meaning that they will worship and serve Him. (3) God will wipe away all tears from the eyes of believers and there will no longer be death, sorrow, crying or pain—all of these will cease to exist. The believer’s new reality is a glorious one.
- 21:5-8 John then hears the voice of God that sat upon the throne declaring that He makes all things new—nothing will be like it was. God himself told John to write down what He is saying because: “these words are true and faithful.” Then He continues to tell John the following: (1) His work is completed, it is done—God’s will concerning the salvation and damnation of mankind is fulfilled. God is the Alpha and Omega (the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet), the beginning and the end—meaning He is the Sovereign One in control of all. (2) His people (“him that is athirst,” “he that overcometh”) are rewarded by Him with eternal life (water of life), a great inheritance (all things), and a privileged relationship (God will be their God and they will be His sons). (3) His enemies are punished. All unbelievers (the fearful, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, whoremongers, sorcerers, idolaters, liars—their lives are characterized by these sins to show they never repented and believed in Jesus) will have their part in the lake of fire (which burns with fire and brimstone), meaning they will not partake in the eternal joy with God. They will participate in the second death—which is eternal separation from God.
21:9–27 The Bride, The Lamb’s Wife: The Believers’ Eternal Home
- 21:9-11 The City: One of the seven angels who had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues came and talked with John, saying, “Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb’s wife”—characterized by bride/wife because the marriage has already happened and believers are eternally united with God and Jesus, thus the city will hold these believers and have similar characteristics. Then he carried John away in the Holy Spirit to a great and high mountain. From there he showed John the new Jerusalem (the great and holy city), descending out of heaven from God. The city had the glory of God which radiated light like a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone and clear as crystal—the light of God’s glory radiated so wonderfully—this is John attempt to described it.
- 21:12-14 The Wall, Gates, Foundations: The city had a great and high wall. The wall had twelve gates. Each gate had an angel. Each gate (east, north, south, west—each side had three gates) had a name written on it which were the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel. The wall also had twelve foundations. Each foundations had one of the twelve apostles of Jesus (the Lamb) names on it. The names probably symbolize God’s fulfillment and ongoing covenant relationship with the Old and New Testament saints.
- 21:15-17 The Measurements: The angel had a golden reed to measure the city, gates and wall. The city is a square. The length is as large as the breadth. The angel measured the city: about 1,280 miles (twelve-thousand furlongs). The length, breadth and height of the city are equal. The angel measured the wall: about 72 yards (one-hundred and forty-four cubits). The angel notes that these measurements are according to the measure of a man which is the same for angels—meaning they are literal measurements. This is a huge city.
- 21:18-21 The Building Material: This is a beautiful and colorful city that reflects and radiates the glory of God described as follows: (1) The wall was built of jasper. (2) The city was pure gold, like unto clear glass. (3) The foundations were garnished with all manner of precious stones (first—jasper; second—sapphire; third—chalcedony; fourth—emerald; fifth—sardonyx; sixth—sardius; seventh—chrysolite; eighth—beryl; ninth—a topaz; tenth—chrysoprasus; eleventh—jacinth; twelfth—amethyst). (4) The gates were each made of one pearl. (5) The street was pure gold as it were transparent glass.
- 21:22 The Temple: John saw no physical temple in the city because the Lord God Almighty and Jesus (the Lamb) are the temple of the city.
- 21:23-26, 22:5a The Light: The city’s light was from the glory of God and Jesus (the Lamb), thus no need for the sun or moon to exist. The saved of all nations (believers) will walk in the light of the city.
- 21:25-27 The Gates: The gates will never be shut (not by day and there is no night). The kings of the earth will bring their glory and honour and that of the nations into the city. But nothing will enter into the city that defiles, works abomination or makes lies. Only those who are written in the Lamb’s book of life—only believers can enter.
22:1-5 The Water And Tree Of Life: The Believers’ Eternal State
- 22:1-4 The angel shows John a pure river of water of life. It was clear as crystal. It proceeded out of the throne of God and Jesus (the Lamb). In the midst of the street and on either side of the river, was the tree of life. It bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month (time only being relative for our understanding). Its leaves were for the healing or benefit of the believers (nations). This all symbolizes our eternal life and enjoyment with God in the new Jerusalem. Which means there will be no more curse. The throne of God and Jesus (the Lamb) will be in this city and His servants will serve Him. They will see His face. His name will be in their foreheads—we belong to Him.
- 22:5b Finally, believers will reign for ever and ever.
- What did John see after the great white throne judgment?
- A voice declared there was no longer going to be what?
- What did God declare?
- What it the city like?
- Believers will live and reign for how long?
20:11-15 The Great White Throne Judgement
Memory Verse: Revelation 20:15
20:11 The Great White Throne: The Lord God Almighty
- 19:11-20, 20:1-10 John saw the second coming of Jesus and the one-thousand year kingdom that Jesus established on the Earth. After the one-thousand years were expired, Satan tried to war against God one last time, but God defeated him and his army instantly with fire from heaven. Satan was cast into the lake of fire where the Antichrist and false prophet were already banished to for all eternity. The next event in the prophetical timeline is the final and greatest “judgement”.
- 20:11a John saw a great white throne. The throne is described as “great” maybe because of its size but also because of the position of authority that it represents. It is described as “white” possibly representing righteousness, holiness and justice of the one sitting on it or of the judgements that will be given from there.
- 20:11b John also sees the One that sat on the great white throne—the Lord God Almighty. In chapter 4 God is described sitting on His throne. We learned that He is perfect in goodness and righteousness. He should be exalted and is worthy of our complete devotion. He is the supreme being and source of all life. He has always existed and will always continue to exist. He is worthy to receive glory, honor, and power. He is the sovereign ruler above all else. It is He who sits on the throne to judge unbelievers in righteousness by His Son Jesus.
Revelation 4:8-11; John 5:22–29; Act 17:31
- 20:11c Then from the very face of God the earth and the heaven fled away—meaning that the earth and heaven as we know them will be removed completely. There was no place found for the earth and the heaven—emphasizing they will cease to exist. God is getting rid of the “old earth and heaven” and preparing a “new earth and heaven” which He will establish after the judgment.
Revelation 21:1; 2 Peter 3:10-13
20:12-13 The Great Judgment: According To Their Works
- 20:12a, 13a Next, John saw all (small and great) unbelievers (of the dead) stand before God. The time for the final judgment has come. This is the resurrection of damnation. The sea, death and hell all will give up or deliver up the dead which are in them. All of the unbelievers of all the ages will be resurrected at this time. It won’t matter if their physical bodies were buried at sea or on land. Their bodies that were on the earth and their souls which were captive and tormented in hell—a place of temporary confinement until this time of judgment has come—will be resurrected before God causes the earth and heaven to cease to exist. All of these unbelievers stand before God’s great white throne waiting to be judged for their evil works and rejection of Jesus as Saviour.
Daniel 12:2; John 5:29; Acts 24:15
- 20:12b The judgment starts as the books are opened—these books have recorded their every deed, word or thought, even every secret thing, whether it be good or evil. God’s standard is perfection, because He is perfect. From Adam all through the history of mankind, we have failed to live up to God’s standard. We have fallen short of His standard of perfection. We have sinned against God and the punishment for this is death and separation from God for all eternity.
Ecclesiastes 12:14; Matthew 5:48; Romans 3:23
- 20:12c Then another book was opened, which is the book of life—this book contains the names of those who have been redeemed by the blood of the Lamb (believers). We have seen this book several times in Revelation as “the book of life,” “the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world,” “the book of life from the foundation of the world,” and we will see it mentioned as “the Lamb’s book of life.” This book would be the only hope for the unbelievers if their names were written in it because that would mean that Jesus had already paid the punishment for all their evil deeds that are recorded in the other books from which they are about to be judged. But since we know they are unbelievers already standing before the great white throne of God, meaning they have rejected the grace of God, this book isn’t presented as their last hope, but presented to add damnation because their names are not written in it and thus they have no defense for the sins they have committed against God.
Revelation 3:5; 13:8; 17:8; 20:15, 21:27
- 20:12d, 13b Finally, the unbelievers (the dead) will be judged. They will be judged according to the things which were written in the books. These books are a record of their works. Therefore, every man will be judged according to his works. This will be a fair and just judgment. They will be judged only for their works and not the works of others. There will even be greater damnation for those who committed greater sins—although all sinners will be damned. It is here that we should also note that only those who have saving-faith in Jesus will escape this judgement. Many will be surprised in that day to find out they weren’t really believers because they weren’t trusting in Jesus for their salvation but instead they were trusting in their own works. Many will cry out to Jesus saying that they prophesied, cast out devils and did many wonderful works in His name, but Jesus will respond saying, “I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.” Today, make sure you are trusting in Jesus by grace through faith alone for salvation.
Matthew 7:21–23; Ephesians 2:8-10
20:14-15 The Great Punishment: The Lake Of Fire
- 20:14 After the judgments are given, death and hell are cast into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death. Both death and hell are no longer needed and since they are immaterial objects being cast into the lake of fire probably means they will cease to exist.
- 20:15 Then as each unbeliever is judged from the books for his works and found guilty by a holy God his sentence will be given. His only hope was that his name was found written in the book of life, but as his name is not found written in that book he is cast into the lake of fire. Since these unbelievers have been resurrected, they will be cast alive with body and soul into the lake of fire which is a place burning with brimstone and there is torment day and night for ever and ever. The bible doesn’t say if the fire is literal or figurative, but it is clear that either way it represents a place of eternal anguish and torment.
Matthew 10:28; 25:46; 2 Thessalonians 1:9; Revelation 19:20
- What does the great white throne represent?
- What happens to the earth and heaven?
- What will unbelievers by judged by?
- What is the great punishment for all found guilty?
- What is the only way to avoid this great white throne judgment?
20:1-10 The Millennial Kingdom
Memory Verse: Revelation 20:6
19:1-21, 20:1-10 After Jesus’ Return He Will Establish A Kingdom
- 19:1-21, 20:1-10 In the last chapter we learned that Jesus will indeed return and what His return will be like. We learned that all the enemies of God will be destroyed. The Antichrist and the False Prophet were cast into the lake of fire. The tribulation saints that survived the tribulation will enter into the earthly kingdom that Jesus will establish. They will continue to produce children who have the free-will to believe or reject Jesus (just like we do today). Even though Jesus will be ruling the earth during this time, sadly many will still choose to reject Him.
- There are three views about the millennial reign of Christ: (1) Premillennialists believe that this is a literal kingdom on earth for one-thousand years after Jesus returns. (2) Postmillennialists believe that this is a figurative kingdom of today’s earth that will progressively become better and then Jesus will return. (3) Amillennialists believe that this is a figurative kingdom and interpret it symbolically according to their own system.
- We interpret the book of Revelation literally and naturally according to its genre. This means that if the meaning of the text makes sense literally, then there is no reason to find a figurative meaning to it. Or if the Bible interprets itself, then the meaning is clear. Therefore, because there are no problems with interpreting this millennial kingdom literally, we hold to the premillennialists view of a literal kingdom on earth for one-thousand years after Jesus returns.
20:1-3 Before The One-Thousand Years: Satan Seized
- 20:1-3 John saw an angel come down from heaven. This angel had the key (representing authority) of the bottomless pit (a temporary place of confinement for the demons). He also had a great chain (needed because Satan’s power is great) in his hand. Then he seized Satan (the dragon—the fierce character in Revelation; that old serpent—the deceiver in the garden of Eden; the Devil—a slanderer; Satan—adversary, accuser), bound him, and cast him into the bottomless pit for one-thousand years. He shut it and sealed it over him to make sure that he could not deceive the nations until the thousand years were fulfilled. This does not mean that the people who will be living during this time will not be able to sin, but that there will be no temptation or deception from Satan or his demons. After the thousand years are fulfilled, Satan will be released for a little season.
20:4-6 During The One-Thousand Years: Kingdom Established
- 20:4 Next John saw thrones, and those who sat upon the thrones. Judgment was given to those who sat on the thrones. Those who sat on the throne are believers. The thrones they sit on represent their positions in the kingdom. Then John identifies a second group of people saying he saw “the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands.” This is a clear reference to the tribulation saints—those who were persecuted for the sake of Jesus and never worshiped the Antichrist (the beast). Together we will live and reign with Christ for one-thousand years.
- 20:5b-6 The resurrection of all saints from all ages is referred to here as “the first resurrection.” As believers, we participate in this resurrection which means we are blessed and holy because: (1) The second death has no power over us—we will never be cast into hell, never be condemned for our sin. (2) We will be priests of God and of Christ—we are a royal priesthood and will serve God and Jesus as priest in His kingdom. (3) We will reign with Jesus for one-thousand years—during the entire length of the earthly kingdom, we will serve in positions of authority with Jesus.
Luke 14:14; Acts 24:15; John 5:29; 1 Corinthians 15:23; Hebrews 11:35; Romans 5:9
- 20:5a The rest of the dead—which is referring to unbelievers will not live again until the thousand years are finished. This means that all those who have died in their sins won’t be resurrected, judged and cast into eternal hell (the lake of fire) until after the one-thousand years are over.
20:7-10 After The One-Thousand Years: God Is Victorious
- 20:7-8 When the thousand years are expired, Satan will be released out of his prison (the bottomless pit). Satan, which means adversary, will start his work of opposing God and deceiving the nations from the four quarters of the earth—north, east, south, west—the whole world. Gog and Magog are two names given to describe the enemies of God. These people are the descendants of the tribulation saints who entered the kingdom after Jesus returned. They had one-thousand years of replenishing the earth’s population (since all those who were unbelievers would have died at that time). The kingdom of Jesus will be prosperous and there will be a great population by the end of the thousand years. The purpose of Satan’s deception is that he still thinks he can defeat Jesus. He will deceive the unbelievers of the nations so that he can gather them together to battle against God. He will gather a great number of unbelievers (the number of whom is as the sand of the sea) to follow him into battle against Jesus.
- 20:9 Satan and His army of unbelievers will march up over the broad plain of the earth and surround the camp of the saints, and the beloved city—Jerusalem. When Jesus established His kingdom on earth, He will reign from Jerusalem with the saints. Satan will make one last effort to destroy Jesus and His saints. But as they surround Jerusalem fire from heaven will come down from God and devoured them. In an instant, all the enemies of God are destroyed by the fire of God. Satan and his armies didn’t have a chance against the Almighty God.
- 20:10 All the unbelievers will die and wait until they are resurrected unto judgment and then will be cast into the lake of fire. But Satan (the devil that deceived the unbelievers) was first cast into the lake of fire and brimstone. It is the same place where one-thousand years before the beast and the false prophet were cast into. The satanic false trinity has be defeated once and for all. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever. Never again will they be released to deceive. Their punishment is never ending. Their punishment is deserved and God has righteously and justly judged them.
- After Jesus returns, what will He establish?
- What view about the millennial reign of Christ do we hold to? Why?
- What happens before the one-thousand years?
- What happens during the one-thousand years?
- What happens after the one-thousand years?
19:1-21 The Return Of The Lord Jesus (The Second Coming)
Memory Verse: Revelation 19:11, 16
19:1-6 The Four Alleluias Of Heavenly Praise
- 19:1-2 The First Alleluia: John receives a new vision and hears a great voice of much people in heaven—most likely the host of heavenly angels. They were rejoicing saying, “Alleluia”—which means praise to God and ascribing the following attributes to Him because they are all on display for everyone to see: (1) Salvation has come—deliverance from sin and its consequences. (2) Justice has come—His judgements are true and righteous. He judged the false religion (the great whore) that corrupted the earth with her false teaching (fornication). (3) Vengeance has come—He has avenged the blood of His servants who were martyred at the hand of this false religion.
- 19:3 The Second Alleluia: Then this great voice of much people in heaven again said, “Alleluia.” This time they were praising God because the smoke of Babylon rose up for ever and ever—representing that it is forever defeated.
- 19:4 The Third Alleluia: The four and twenty elders (representatives of the church in heaven) and the four beasts (special angels) fell down and worshipped God that sat on the throne, saying, “Amen; Alleluia.” They expressed agreeance (Amen) to all that was said and joined in praising God for all that He has done (Alleluia).
- 19:5-6 The Fourth Alleluia: A voice came out of the throne (probably an angel) telling all the servants of God (those who fear Him, no matter what their rank is) to join in praising their God. In response, John hears the voice of a great multitude (as the voice of many waters and of mighty thunderings) loudly saying, “Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigns.” They praised the One with unlimited power because He reigns.
19:7-10 The Marriage Ceremony And Supper Of The Lamb
- 19:7-8 As the host of heaven praised God, they continue on saying, “Let us be glad, rejoice, and give honour to God.” The reason they gave for this was because the marriage of the Lamb has come and His wife has made herself ready. This “wife” represents the church and the marriage represent our salvation completed, where we will be presented to and be with Jesus. Believers are granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white. The fine linen is the righteousness of saints. This righteousness isn’t our own righteousness but that righteousness that is imputed to us from Christ Jesus.
Ephesians 5:25–32; Philippians 3:9; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Galatians 2:16; 1 Peter 2:24; Romans 1:17; 3:22; 1 Corinthians 1:30
- 19:9 An angel told John to write that those who are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb are blessed. In ancient times, there was a meal after the marriage ceremony. Therefore, those invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb is not the church (bride), but is the saints outside the church (Old Testament believers and tribulation saints). The special position of the church is part of God’s plan, just likely Israel had a special part in God’s plan (but this doesn’t mean we are any better than the other saints). Then the angel confirms what he said to John by saying, “These are the true sayings of God.”
In the Kingdom: Matthew 8:11; Luke 13:28; Hebrews 11; Matthew 11:11; Choosing Israel: Deuteronomy 7:7
- 19:10 John responds by worshipping the angel. The angel responds to John telling him not to worship him because he is just a fellow-servant. Worship should only be ascribed to God himself. He reminds John, “The testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.”
19:11-16 The Return Of Jesus
- 19:11-13, 15-16 Next, John saw heaven opened and behold a white horse with someone riding on it. The rider is Jesus who is returning in triumph and glory. He goes on to describe Jesus: (1) He is called Faithful and True—Jesus has been faithful to the God’s will and only declared the truth. (2) In righteousness He doth judge and make war—His first coming was for salvation, but this time He comes to righteously judge the world. (3) His eyes were as a flame of fire—representing His omniscience. (4) On His head were many crowns—in contrast to the crown of thorns He wore at His first coming, He now wears many real crowns showing He is the reigning King. (5) He had a name written, that no man knew, but He Himself. (6) He was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood—representing the judgment coming on His enemies. (7) His name is called, “The Word of God”—clearly identifying this rider as Jesus, the Word who was made flesh. (8) Out of His mouth goes a sharp sword—which represent that just by speaking He will smite the nations. (9) He will rule them with a rod of iron—He is coming to establish His Kingdom and will not tolerate evil. (3) He will tread the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God—His judgment will be severe and fulfill God’s wrath against sin. (9) On His vesture and on His thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS—which represent He is the absolute sovereign ruler of all.
- 19:14 In the middle of the description about the returning and reining Jesus the armies which were in heaven are mentioned as they followed Him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. These represent the righteous church, Old testament believers, angels and tribulation saints (already in heaven). Jesus’ army is unarmed because He alone will destroy the enemy.
Revelation 7:9; 20:4-6; Daniel 12:1-2; Matthew 25:31
19:17-21 The Battle Of Armageddon
- 19:17-18 John saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, calling all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven to come and gather themselves together unto the supper of the great God—meaning that they may eat the flesh of kings, captains, mighty men, horses, those who ride the horse and the flesh of all men (both free, bond, small and great)—all the enemies who are at the battle of Armageddon will die.
- 19:19-21 Finally, John saw the Antichrist (the beast), the kings of the earth (the ten kings), their armies, all gathered together to make war against Jesus (Him that sat on the horse), and those who are with Him (Jesus’ army). The Antichrist (the beast) and the false prophet (who did miracles before the Antichrist which deceived those that had received the mark of the beast, and those who worshipped the image of the Antichrist) were captured and both cast alive into a lake of fire (the final hell) burning with brimstone. All the other enemies of God (the remnant) were slain with the sword that proceeded out of the mouth of Jesus (him that sat upon the horse). The carnage of this slaughter was so great that all the fowls were filled with their flesh. Jesus wins the battle of Armageddon.
- What are the four alleluias of heavenly praise?
- Who is the wife at the marriage ceremony of the Lamb?
- Who are those invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb?
- What is the return of Jesus like?
- Who wins the battle Armageddon? What is the result of those who lost?
18:1-24 Babylon The Great City
Memory Verse: Revelation 18:20
18:1-3 The Proclamation: “Babylon Is Fallen!”
- 17:1-18 One of the seven angels who had one of seven vials talked with John, telling him to come so that he can show John the judgment of the great whore. After seeing the vision John was confused at the beautiful yet bloody scene. Therefore, the angel explained to John the mystery of the woman and the beast.
- 18:1 After the last vision and explanation, John saw another angel come down from heaven who had great power and lightened the earth with his glory.
- 18:2-3 This angel cried mightily with a strong voice announcing that Babylon the great is fallen. She has fallen because: (1) Babylon has become the habitation of devils, the hold of every foul spirit and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird. All the demons that have been released on the earth have gather there. (2) All nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of Babylon’s fornication, the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies. The world will be seduced by this city following her false religion and being deceived by her material riches.
Babylon’s Fall Predicted: Revelation 14:8; Demons Released: 9:1-16, 12:4, 9
18:4-8 The Cry: “Vengeance Is Coming!”
- 18:4-5 Then John hears another voice from heaven telling believers (my people) to come out of Babylon so that (1) they won’t partake in her sins, (2) they don’t receive her judgements (plagues), and (3) because her sins have reached to heaven and God has remembered her iniquities—therefore He is going to act.
- 18:6-8 Then this voice ask God for vengeance on Babylon and that her punishment fits her crimes (reward Babylon even as she rewarded others, double unto her double according to her works, and in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double). The reason for these judgments is because she is conceited (glorified herself), extravagant (lived deliciously), and arrogant (she said in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow). Therefore, the mighty Lord God will judge (death, mourning, famine and to be utterly burned with fire) her in one day and she will receive the torment and sorrow that she is worthy of.
18:9-19 The Lamentations: “Judgment Has Come!”
- 18:9-10 The First Group of Mourners: Kings – They will lament that such a mighty city was destroyed so quickly. When the kings of the earth (those who have committed fornication and lived in her extravagance) see the smoke of the city burning they will express great regret, grief and sorrow. They will watch the city burn standing afar off for the fear of her torment. They will say, “Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! For in one hour is thy judgment come.”
- 18:11-17a The Second Group of Mourners: Merchants – They will lament that such a wealthy city was destroyed so quickly. When the merchants of the earth (those who were made rich by Babylon) see the city’s destruction they will also expressed great regret, grief and sorrow. They will weep and mourn over Babylon because no one can buy merchandise from there any more. They will stand afar off for the fear of her torment. They will say, “Alas, alas, that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, purple, scarlet, and decked with gold, precious stones, and pearls! For in one hour so great riches is come to nought.” The things they sold and that made Babylon so wealthy are listed in as the following items or categories: gold, silver, precious stones, pearls, fine linen, purple, silk, scarlet, all thyine wood, all manner vessels of ivory, all manner vessels of most precious wood, of brass, iron, marble, cinnamon, odours, ointments, frankincense, wine, oil, fine flour, wheat, beasts, sheep, horses, chariots, slaves, souls of men. The luxuries of the city are lost forever (The fruits that thy soul lusted after and all things which were dainty and goodly are departed from thee, thou shalt find them no more at all).
- 18:17b-19 The Third Group of Mourners: Sea-Merchants – They will lament that such a great city was destroyed so quickly. When the sea-merchants (every shipmaster, all the company in ships, sailors, and as many as trade by sea) saw the smoke of the city burning they also expresses great regret, grief and sorrow (they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing). They stood afar off and said, “What city is like unto this great city!” and “Alas, alas, that great city, Wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! For in one hour is she made desolate.”
18:20 The Rejoicing: “Vengeance Has Come!”
- 18:20 Even though three groups will be mourning that such a mighty, wealthy and great city was destroyed so quickly, there will be one group that is rejoicing! The host of heaven, the holy apostles and prophets will all be rejoicing because God has avenged them on the city! Righteousness and justices has triumphed.
18:21-24 The Conclusion: “Babylon Is No More!”
- 18:21-23a Then John saw a mighty angel take up a stone like a great millstone (which is a heavy stone that is about four to five feet in diameter and a foot thick), and cast it into the sea, saying, “Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.” As quick as such a heavy stone thrown in the sea disappears and will never float to the top, so Babylon will in the same quickness be destroyed and never recover. Life as they know it will end and never return. Never again will there be music (the voice of harpers, musicians, of pipers, and trumpeters), work (craftsman, of whatsoever craft he be), cooking (the sound of a millstone), light (the light of a candle shining) or marriage (the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride).
- 18:23b-24 Finally, the reason for the destruction is once again given in three reasons: (1) Because her merchants were the great men of the earth, (2) because by her sorceries were all nations deceived, and (3) because she killed the people of God (the blood of prophets, of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth).
- What is the proclamation?
- What is the cry?
- What are the lamentations?
- What is the rejoicing?
- What is the conclusion?
17:1-18 The Great Whore
Memory Verse: Revelation 17:14
17:1-6 The Angel’s Vision
- 15:1-16:21, 17:1 John saw seven angels with the seven last plagues. These angels were given seven golden vials full of the wrath of the eternal God and they poured out all seven of the vials upon the earth. Now, we move on to the next chapter and one of the angels stops to explain more about what happened during that time. Therefore, the following is a description of what has happened in the pouring out of the vials and not something that is yet to happen (except for the battle).
- 17:1-2 One of the seven angels who had one of seven vials talked with John, telling him to come so that he can show John the judgment of the great whore. The great whore is not an actual woman or prostitute but a metaphor that represents false religion—a religion that engages false worship for the sake of influence and misleading people. This whore sits on many waters which represent the entire world—the influence of this false religion will be spread world-wide. The kings of the earth (governments) have committed fornication with this great whore—meaning they are engaged in this false religion. Also, the unbelievers (inhabitants of the earth) have been made drunk with the wine of her fornication—meaning they are so influenced by this religion that they are controlled by it.
- 17:3-6 Then this angel carried John away in the Holy Spirit into the wilderness. Here John saw a woman (the great whore), and when he saw her, he wondered with great admiration (wonder, marvel). He describes what he saw: (1) She was sitting on a scarlet colored beast full of names of blasphemy and having seven heads and ten horns. It seems clear from the description that the beast is the Antichrist. Her siting on the Antichrist represents that he will support this false religion. (2) She was arrayed in purple and scarlet color—just like a prostitute dresses in a way that is attractive and deceptive, this false religion will do the same. (3) She was decked with gold, precious stones and pearls—this false religion will have obtained wealth. (4) She has a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication—no doubt she will use her influence to cause others to drink and participate in all her wrong doings. (5) She had a name written on her forehead, “MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH”—this false religion is identified as Babylon. (6) She is drunken with the blood of the saints and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus—this false religion will kill believers.
Revelation 13:1, 4; 14:9; 16:10
17:7-18 The Angel’s Explanations
- 17:6b, 7 John was confused at the scene he saw. What he saw was beautiful yet bloody. Then the angel questioned John why he was confused and said that he will tell the mystery of the woman and the beast with the seven heads and ten horns that carries her.
- 17:8 The First Explanation (The Beast): The beast that John saw is the Antichrist and is described as he who “was, and is not, and yet is.” This refers to the lying wonder the Antichrist used to deceive people by trying to imitate the death and resurrection of the true Christ. The Antichrist came on the scene (was). He received a deadly head wound and appeared to die (is not). Then he will ascend out of the bottomless pit and go into perdition (yet is). This will cause the unbelievers to wonder when they see him. The unbelievers are those that dwell on the earth and whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world. True believers will not be deceived.
Revelation 13:3, 8, 12, 14
- 17:9-11 The Second Explanation (The Seven Heads): The next explanation the angel is going to give John is confusing, therefore wisdom is needed to understand it. This might even be something that can’t be fully understood until it actually happens. The angel goes on to explain that the seven heads that John saw are seven mountains, on which the woman sits. They are seven kings. The mountains and kings together represent seven world empires and their leaders. These world empires would be interpreted as the empires of that time. The angels said that five of the seven are fallen, thus this should represent Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medo-Persia, and Greece. Then he says that one of the seven is currently reigning, which at the time of this writing would have been Rome. Finally, he says one of the seven has not yet come, which represents the world empire of the Antichrist. When the final king comes (the Antichrist) he will only continue a short time (3.5 years). Finally, the Antichrist (the beast) “that was” (before his deadly head wound and appeared to die) reigned as the seventh king. Then he “will come” as the eighth king (after his resurrection from the dead) and he will go into perdition—condemned by God to eternal damnation in the lake of fire.
Revelation 13:5; 19:20; 20:10
- 17:12-14, 16-17 The Third Explanation (The Ten Horns): The ten horns that John saw are ten kings which are described as follows: (1) They have received no kingdom as yet—these are future kings that will reign at the same time as the Antichrist who gives them power to be kings for a short time (one hour) and thus will be devoted to him (the beast). (2) These kings are united for one purpose (one mind): to make war with Jesus (the Lamb). The Antichrist will assemble all these kings together (they will give their power and strength to him) to try and defeat Jesus. (3) These kings and the Antichrist will be utterly defeated. Jesus will overcome them because He is the Lord of lords, and the King of kings. Believers (the called, chosen and faithful) will be with Jesus when He returns to defeat them. (4) The kings of the earth will eventually hate the false religion (the whore), and they will completely obliterate it (desolate, naked, eat her flesh and burn her with fire) so that everyone turns from it to completely following the Antichrist. (5) These kings will do the will of God. God will put in their hearts to fulfill His will and therefore they will agree to give their kingdom unto the Antichrist (one-world rule) who will war against God and be destroyed thus fulfilling the words of God.
Revelation 19:14; Matthew 22:14; 24:30–31; Ephesians 1:4; John 6:44; Romans 8:9; 2 Thessalonians 1:7
- 17:15 The Fourth Explanation (The Waters): The waters that John saw the whore sitting on are peoples, multitudes, nations and tongues. This shows the world-wide influence of this false religion (the whore).
- 17:18 The Fifth Explanation (The Woman): The woman that John saw is that great city, Babylon, that reigns over the kings of the earth. Babylon is the city if the Antichrist.
Revelation 18:10, 18, 21
- Who talked with John?
- What did John see?
- Why was John confused?
- What are the five explanations?
- Will Jesus be defeated? Why?
15:1-16:21 The Seven Vial Judgements
Memory Verse: Revelation 15:3–4
15:1-8, 16:1 The Seven Angels With The Seven Last Plagues
- 15:1 John saw another sign in heaven that was great and marvelous. There were seven angels with the seven last plagues—not diseases but impacts of judgment. They represent the final wrath of God to be poured out upon the earth.
- 15:2-4 Then John saw platform that looked like it were a sea of glass mingled with fire. The wonder of heaven is seen in the “sea of glass.” It is also is mixed with fire—representing coming judgment. John also sees the believers from the tribulation period standing on the glass. They stand victorious over the Antichrist (the beast), his image, his mark and the number of his name. They had the harps of God—which represents rejoicing and praise. They were singing the song of Moses—the servant of God and of the Lamb—both have the same themes of deliverance. They praise the Lord God Almighty, the King of the saints because: (1) His works are great and marvelous. (2) His ways are just and true. (3) His holiness should cause all to fear and glorify Him. (4) His judgements are revealed and all nations shall come and worship before Him.
Exodus 15, Revelation 5
- 15:5-8, 16:1 Afterwards, John saw that the heavenly Holy of holies (temple of the tabernacle of the testimony) open. The seven angels with the seven plagues came out of the temple clothed in pure and white linen—representing holiness and purity—and having their breasts girded with golden girdles—possibly representing their special positions. Then one of the four beasts (cherubim) gave the seven angels seven golden vials full of the wrath of the eternal God. This caused the temple to be filled with smoke from the glory and power of God. No man was permitted to enter into the temple until these seven plagues were fulfilled. Finally, John heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven angels, “Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth.”
16:2-21 The Seven Vial Judgements Are Poured Out
- 16:2 The First Vial: The first angel pours out the first vial upon the earth which caused a noisome and grievous sore to fall upon the unbelievers (which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image). This will cause them physical torment.
- 16:3 The Second Vial: The second angel pours out the second vial upon the sea which caused it to become as the blood of a dead man killing all sea life. Seventy percent of the earth’s surface is the ocean, thus this will have a worldwide impact with all sea life dead.
- 16:4-7 The Third Vial: The third angel pours out the third vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters which caused them to become blood. All fresh drinking water will be unusable. Then John heard the angel of the waters state the eternal God is righteous in these judgements. This is revenge for the martyrs against those who shed the blood of saints and prophets. They are only worthy of blood to drink since they shed blood. Then John heard another out of the altar say, “Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments.” God is completely justified in these fierce judgments being poured out.
Romans 12:19; Hebrews 10:30
- 16:8-9 The Fourth Vial: The fourth angel pours out the fourth vial upon the sun which caused power to be given to it to scorch men with fire and men were scorched with great heat. The sun will supernaturally become so hot that it scorches the unbelievers. In spite of these judgments, the unbelievers refused to repent and give God glory but instead blasphemed His name, the one with power over these plagues.
- 16:10-11 The Fifth Vial: The fifth angel pours out the fifth vial upon the seat of the beast (Antichrist) which caused his kingdom to be full of darkness. The earth will become completely dark. Each vial adds more suffering—they build on each other and the unbelievers gnawed their tongues for pain. They continued to refuse to repent of their deeds but continued to blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and sores.
- 16:12-14, 16 The Sixth Vial: The sixth angel pours out the sixth vial upon the great River Euphrates which caused the water thereof to be dried up so that the way of the kings of the East might be prepared. The river is dried up so the kings will be able to gather at Armageddon for the final battle. Then John saw three unclean devil spirits (like frogs) come out of the mouths of the satanic trinity (dragon, beast, false prophet). They performed miracles to deceive the kings of the whole world and to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. They gathered them together at Armageddon.
- 16:15 Then before the final judgment is poured out, believers are encouraged by Jesus. He reminds us that He is coming back. (Behold, I come as a thief.) Then He says that we are blessed if we are ready and prepared for his coming. (Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.)
- 16:17-21 The Seventh Vial: The first angel pours out the first vial into the air which caused:
- A great voice to come out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, “It is done.” Just as Jesus proclaimed, “It is finished,” before He died on the cross for the salvation of those who repent, God proclaims, “It is done,” before His final judgement is carryout for damnation on the unrepentant.
- There were voices, thunders, lightnings. A storm of some sort possibly started.
- There was a great and mighty earthquake that was never seen before. This caused Jerusalem (the great city) to divide into three parts. The cities of the nations fell.
Matthew 27:51–54; Zechariah 14:4–10
- The great Babylon (the Antichrist’s capital city) came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath.
- Every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.
- Great hail fell out of heaven upon men, every stone about 100 lb. (about the weight of a talent). Unbelievers continued to blaspheme God because of the plague of the hail was exceeding great.
- What did John see believers doing?
- Who did John see coming out of the temple? What did they have?
- What were the effects of the first six vials?
- What was declared as the final vial was poured out? What happened after that?
- Did these signs, wonders and judgements cause men to repent?
14:1-20 Coming Events
Memory Verse: Revelation 14:6–7
14:1-5 The 144,000 Servants Of God
- 14:1 John’s attention is turned from the false satanic trinity to seeing Jesus (the lamb) standing on Mount Zion, the place where He is going to return as reigning King. With Jesus was one hundred and forty-four thousand servants of God of all the tribes of the children of Israel (12,000 servants from each of the 12 tribes) that were sealed with the seal of the living God. This seal is in contrast to the mark of the beast. Each of the servants had the name of Jesus and the Father written in their foreheads. This represents rejecting Satan, boldly serving Jesus and being owned and secured by the living true God.
Psalm 2:6-9; Revelation 7:1-8; Romans 9-11
- 14:2-3 Next John hears a loud voice from heaven that is like: (1) the voice of many waters; (2) the voice of a great thunder; (3) the voices of harps being played. The voice was accompanied by the singing of a new song before the throne, the four beasts (cherubims), and the elders (the church representatives). This song most likely represents the song of the redeemed and their victory over the beast because of Jesus. Only the 144,000, those who were redeemed from the earth, could learn this song.
Revelation 5:8–9; Psalm 33:3; 40:3; 96:1; 98:1; 144:9; 149:1
- 14:4-5 Then John describes the one hundred and forty-four thousand servants of God: (1) They were virgins (not defiled with women)—these men kept themselves pure from all sexual sins, something that will be rampant at that time. (2) They follow Jesus (the Lamb) wherever He goes—they are devoted followers of Jesus no matter the cost. (3) They were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and Jesus (the Lamb)—they were sinful men who were saved by a gracious God through faith in Jesus and set apart for special service for such a time as this. (4) There was no guile found in their mouths—they weren’t speaking lies like the false trinity was, but were speaking the truth of God. (5) They were without fault—just like a pastor should be blameless to lead a church, these men also were blameless to be used for the service of God. They lived godly lives.
Deuteronomy 18:3-5; Matthew 16:24; 2 Timothy 2:15
14:6-13 The First Three Angles With Three Messages
- 14:6-7 The First Angel (A Message of Repentance): Johns sees an angel fly in the midst of heaven. This angel had the everlasting gospel to preach to the unbelievers on the earth of every nation, kindred, tongue and people. This gospel is the same that is preached today and it is everlasting because it is offers you everlasting life. Even though many of the earths people have rejected God and followed the Antichrist, God will give them another chance to repent. This angel spoke loudly for all to hear, saying, “Fear God, and give glory to him.” This is the essence of the gospel: turn from the false gods to the true Creator God. Worship should be reserved only for the God that made heaven, earth, the sea and the fountains of waters. The time for this is now because “the hour of God’s judgment is come.” There will be no other chance for salvation after the judgment.
- 14:8 The Second Angel (A Message of Judgement): John sees a second angel following and proclaiming that the great city of Babylon is fallen. This is the empire that the Antichrist has established. It is personified as a great whore that made all the nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.
- 14:9-11 The Third Angel (A Message of Damnation): Then John sees a third angel following them. It spoke loudly for all to hear saying that any who worships the Antichrist or receives its mark will be damned. This represents all unbelievers, those who refuse to repent while they had a chance, will face the full wrath (without mixture) of God. They will be tormented with fire and brimstone, they will have no rest, day nor night, and their torment will be for ever and ever.
Isaiah 66:24; Daniel 12:2; Matthew 3:12; Luke 3:17; 2 Thessalonians 1:9
- 14:12-13 True believers will persevere to the end. This means they will keep the commandments of God, and their faith in Jesus. This is important to note because many believers will be persecuted and martyred during this time for not receiving the mark of the Antichrist. Then John heard a voice from heaven telling him to write, “Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth.” The death of a believer is blessed because He died in the Lord. He persevered to the end. He will be in heaven with God. This is a blessed time. This will encourage the believers living then. The Holy Spirit agrees saying, “Yea, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them.” There are two more blessings or benefits. First, the “labours” or the hard times the believers went through will end after death. Second, the believers will be rewarded for their works.
14:14-20 The Second Three Angles: The Harvest Of Wrath
Joel 3:12–13, 21; Isaiah 63:1–6; Matthew 13:30, 39-42
- 14:14-16 The Fourth Angel (The Grain Harvest – The Coming Vial Judgments): Next John sees a white cloud—representing glory—with Jesus (like unto the Son of man) sitting on it. He was wearing a golden crown—representing victory—and He had a sharp sickle—representing judgment. Another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to Jesus that it was time for Him to use the sickle (a razor sharp blade on a long pole used to reap wheat) because the harvest of the earth is ripe and the time has come. Then Jesus thrust in His sickle on the earth and it was reaped. This represents Jesus judgement of the Earth in the coming vial judgments.
- 14:17-20 The Fifth and Sixth Angels (The Grape Harvest – The Coming Final Battle): Another angel came out of the heavenly temple with a sharp sickle. Then another angel with power over fire came out from the altar and cried loudly to the other angel to thrust in the sickle—represents judgment—and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth because her grapes are fully ripe. Then the angel thrust in the sickle into the earth, gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. Finally, the winepress—this was a stone press used to smash grapes to extract the juice—was trodden without the city (Jerusalem), and blood came out of the winepress—representing the great slaughter of God’s enemies in the final battle. The battle will be so bloody that blood will be up to the horse bridles in an area of about 3.22 kilometers long (one-thousand and six hundred furlongs).
Hebrews 10:31; Psalm 2:12
- Who are the 144,000? What are their characteristics?
- What is the everlasting gospel?
- What are the messages of the first three angels?
- What does the grain harvest represent?
- What does the grape harvest represent?
13:1-18 The Two Beasts
Memory Verse: Revelation 13:10
12:1-17, 12:18/13:1, 11 The Red Dragon: Satan
- 12:1-17 Satan fought against Michael and his angels in heaven. They lost and were cast down to earth where they launched attacks against believing Israel and believers. God promised to supernaturally protected a remnant of Israel and believers claimed victory through persecution because of their faith, witness and martyrdom in Jesus name.
- 12:18/13:1a This is an interesting phrase. It refers to John standing on the sand of the sea or it refers to Satan standing on the sand of the sea. Either way the sand of the sea represent the nations.
- 12:3, 13:1b, 11 In the last chapter and in the coming chapter we are introduced to three evil characters which make up the satanic trinity: Satan, the Antichrist, and the False prophet. This satanic trinity is Satan’s attempt to become like God. Satan himself tries to be God the father. The Antichrist tries to be God the Son. The False prophet tries to be God the spirit. Their blasphemy will utterly fail and be destroyed after a short-time.
13:1-10 The First Beast: The Antichrist
- 13:1 John saw a beast rise up out of the sea. He goes on to describe the beast, which represent the Antichrist, as follows: (1) Having seven heads—just like the dragon, these represent the seven successive world empires Satan was working through, but here the seven heads are without crowns. (2) Ten horns wearing ten crowns—just like the dragon, as well, these represent Satan’s final empire made up of a ten-nation confederacy, but they are now wearing crowns meaning he is setting up this empire now. (3) Upon his heads the name of blasphemy—each of the seven successive world empires which ruled blasphemed God, their rulers often choosing to be called God.
Daniel 7:25; 8:24–25; 11:36–45; 1 John 2:18
- 13:2 The Antichrist was like unto a leopard—represents the Greek empire (third beast). His feet were as the feet of a bear—represents the Medo-Persian empire (second beast). His mouth as the mouth of a lion—represents the Babylonian empire (first beast). The empire of the Antichrist (fourth beast) will represent characteristics of each of these past empires at one time, meaning that it is going to be greater and worse than each one individually. Satan (the dragon) gave the Antichrist the power, seat and authority needed to establish and rule such a terrible empire.
- 13:3 Somehow one of the beast’s heads seemed as it were wounded to death, but then his deadly wound was healed. This caused all the world to wonder after the beast, meaning they started thinking he is like God. This is a lying wonder caused to deceive people. He tries to imitate the death and resurrection of the true Christ.
- 13:4 All the world worshipped Satan (the dragon) because he gave power unto the Antichrist (the beast). They also worshipped the Antichrist, thinking that there is no one like him and no one is able to make war with him. They obviously have an inflated view of the Antichrist and have already been deceived by his lying wonders.
- 13:5-6 But God will allow the Antichrist to have power for forty-two months (3.5 years) to speak great and blasphemous things. He will blasphemy against God, God’s name, God’s tabernacle and them that dwell in heaven. He may seem all-powerful to the unbelieving world but can go no farther than the one true sovereign God permits.
Daniel 7:25; 2 Thessalonians 2:4
- 13:7a, 8b The Antichrist was also allowed to make war with the saints and to overcome them. Believers will refuse to worship Him and this will be reason for their persecution. Believers are those whose names are written in the in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. This is comforting for believers because: (1) Our names are in a book and will never be erased. (2) This was secured before the foundation of the world. (3) We are redeemed with the incorruptible blood of Christ, the Lamb slain.
Revelation 3:5; 11:7; 17:8; 20:12, 15; 21:27; 1 Peter 1:18–21
- 13:7b-8 The Antichrist was given power over all kindreds, tongues and nations. He will rule the unbelieving world—those whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world—and they will worship him.
- 13:9-10 Then attention is called to an important proverb, which means that believers will at this time have to endure with patience and faith, not with their own strength or method.
13:11-18 The Second Beast: The False prophet
- 13:11 Next, John sees another beast coming up out of the earth. He described it as having two horns like a lamb—it seems to be harmless, but it is like a wolf in sheep’s clothing because it speaks like a dragon—meaning it will speak the lies, blasphemies, and deceptions of Satan. It is the False prophet.
Matthew 7:15; Revelation 16:13; 19:20; 20:10
- 13:12-14 The False prophet will (1) exercise all the power of the Antichrist; (2) cause the world to worship the Antichrist; (3) do great wonders—make fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men—imitating the two great witnesses; (4) deceive the world by the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; (5) tell the world to make an image to the beast, that one who claims “death and resurrection.” He mocks the role of the Holy Spirit and leads people to worship the false-christ.
- 13:15 The False prophet was permitted to have power to give life unto the image of the Antichrist, so that (1) the image should speak, and (2) those who don’t worship the image should be killed. This is another lying wonder to deceive and kill.
- 13:16-18 Finally, the False prophet caused all (small, great, rich, poor, free, bond) to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads. You could only buy or sell if you had this mark, which is the name of the Antichrist (beast) or the number of his name: 666 (six hundred threescore and six). We know this number and those who live at the time need to be wise and know not to take the mark of this number.
- Who is the first beast?
- What miracle did the first beast try to copy?
- Who is the second beast?
- The second beast tries to mock the role of who?
- What is the number of the beast?